Volume 16. The Metrics of Material and Metal Ecology

1st Edition

Harmonizing the Resource, Technology and Environmental Cycles



This book is a must for individuals and companies that have an interest in developing sustainable technology and systems in the complex 'Web of Metals' on a first principles, technological and economic basis, with a focus to the minerals, metals and product manufacturing industries.

In this inter-, intra- and trans-disciplinary book the material/metal cycle will be central, addressing technology as the basis for achieving sustainability within the system of primary mineral and metal producing, and the consumer product material cycles, linked to nature's cycles. The following major topics (not exclusive) are discussed in a detail, which will satisfy company CEO's and students of environment, engineering, economics, and law alike: (i) industrial ecology, (ii) system engineering concepts, (iii) development of future breakthrough technology as well optimization of present technology, (iv) process fundamentals (e.g. thermodynamics, separation physics, transport processes etc.), (v) product manufacture and design (for recycling), (vi) environmental legislation and (vii) technology as a basis for achieving sustainability within our present society.

The book discusses contentious issues such as the limits of recycling determined by physics, chemistry, economics and process technology, therefore providing the reader with a fundamental basis to understand and critically discuss the validity of environmental legislation. Furthermore, the 'Web of Metals' (i.e. the dynamic interconnection of metal and material cycles and product systems) will reveal that, if the application of environmental evaluation techniques such as material flow analysis, life cycle assessment etc. are not carried out on a sufficient theoretical basis, technological and economic understanding, analyses could lead to erroneous and in the end environmentally harmful conclusions.

The book is illustrated with many indust

Key Features

* Material and Metal Ecology and the various modelling aspects to quantify this * System modelling of recycling systems with applications in the automotive and consumer goods sector * Metallurgical metal recycling with applications in aluminium, supplemented with various modelling examples from thermodynamics, exergy, neural nets to CFD


Any discipline interested in the sustainability of materials and metals and also products i.e. engineers, business community, legislators, lawyers in the field, environmentalists, biologists, industrial ecologists, material scientists etc.

Table of Contents

I. Overview of Book. 1. Metal and material ecology. 2. Product Recycling as applied to the car. 3. Metallurgical recycling of aluminium. 4. Objectives of book. II. Metal and Material Ecology. 5. Sustainability and industrial ecology. 6. A description of the metal cycles. 7. A prescription for the metal cycles. 8. Electronics recycling: Lead free solder. 9. Synthesis and conclusions. III. Product Recycling as Applied to the Car. 10. The dynamic and distributed nature of the recycling rate of the car - a fundamental description of recycling systems. 11. Dynamic modelling and optimisation of the resource cycle of passenger vehicles - a technological framework. 12. The role of particle size reduction, liberation and product design in recycling passenger vehicles. 13. Recycling experiments - from theory to practice. IV. Metallurgical Recycling of Aluminium. 14. Aluminium metallurgy and recycling raw materials. 15. Physical separation of aluminium containing material. 16. Primary production of aluminium. 17. Recycling of aluminium metal containing material. 18. Simulating a rotary furnace for aluminium recycling. A. Relevant theory. B. Description of metal production flowcharts. C. Car recycling - a case study. D. Excel screen captures depicting the optimization model.


No. of pages:
© 2005
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
Print ISBN:

About the authors

M.A. Reuter

Affiliations and Expertise

The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

U.M.J. Boin

Affiliations and Expertise

Oberusel, Germany

A, van Schaik

Affiliations and Expertise

Den Haag, The Netherlands

E. Verhoef

Affiliations and Expertise

Bergen op Zoom, The Netherlands

K. Heiskanen

Affiliations and Expertise

Helsinki University of Technology, Hut, Finland

Yongxiang Yang

Affiliations and Expertise

Delft, The Netherlands

G. Georgalli

Affiliations and Expertise

Den Haag, The Netherlands