The Maternal Organism - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483229621, 9781483263809

The Maternal Organism

1st Edition

Editors: N. S. Assali
eBook ISBN: 9781483263809
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1968
Page Count: 522
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Description

Biology of Gestation, Volume I: The Maternal Organism, is the first of a two-volume treatise that aims to fill the void which exists among the various disciplines that deal with the process of gestation. This work brings together in a comprehensive form basic knowledge acquired through intensive research work carried out by many investigators in the various disciplines that deal directly or indirectly with the process of gestation. Hence, it should prove to be of great interest to the student, the research worker, and the academically oriented individual in the general field of reproduction and in the specific fields of obstetrics and pediatrics. The treatise should also provide a source of basic information to the clinician in obstetrics and pediatrics which should assist him in the interpretation and understanding of the underlying. The present book deals with the maternal organism and the changes that occur during gestation. It opens with a chapter on the mechanism of ovulation and its control. Subsequent chapters deal with the problems of gametogenesis, fertilization, migration, and implantation of the ovum; and various morphological and physiological aspects of the placenta. The final two chapters discuss the physiological and biochemical changes that occur in labor, the puerperium, and lactation; and the physiological processes that adjust the maternal organism to pregnancy.

Table of Contents


Contributors to this Volume

List of Contributors

Preface

Chapter 1 The Neural Control of Ovulation

I. Introduction

II. The Nervous System and Pituitary Function

III. Neural Control of Ovulation

IV. Integration of Ovulation and Other Reproductive Processes

V. The Ontogeny of Reproductive Neuroendocrinology

VI. A Hypothesis of the Neural Control of GTH Secretion

References

Chapter 2 Gametogenesis to Implantation

I. Origin and Migration of Primordial Germ Cells

II. Gametogenesis

III. Capacitation

IV. Tubal Factors

V. Fertilization 76

VI. Preimplantation Stages of Development

VII. Preparation for Implantation

References

Chapter 3 Morphology of the Placenta

I. Introduction

II. Comparative Anatomy of the Placenta and Fetal Membranes

III. Chorioallantoic Placentation

IV. Decidua and Placental Junctional Zone

V. Morphogenesis of the Human Placenta

VI. Regional Anatomy of the Human Placenta

VII. Placental Vascular Anatomy

VIII. Human Placental Ultrastructure

IX. Summary

References

Chapter 4 Physiology of the Placenta

I. Uteroplacental Circulation

IIA. Placental Transfer—the Use of Tracer Methods for the Study of Placental Transmission

IIB. Placental Transfer—Transport Systems and Transfer of Specific Substances

III. Dynamics of Amniotic Fluid

References

Chapter 5 Placental Hormones

I. Historical Introduction

II. Protein Hormones

III. Placental Steroids

References

Chapter 6 Regulation of Myometrial Composition, Growth, and Activity

I. Introduction: the Myometrium: Muscle under Neurohormonal Control

II. The Smooth Muscle Cell

III. Membrane Potential, Contraction, and Ionic Environment

IV. Neural and Endocrine Control of the Uterus

V. Uterine Growth and Metabolism

References

Chapter 7 The Pregnant Uterus: Process of Labor, Puerperium, and Lactation

I. Introduction

II. Labor

III. Physiology of the Puerperium

IV. Physiology and Biochemistry of Lactation

References

Chapter 8 Maternal Physiological Adjustments

I. Introduction

II. Blood Volume and Composition

III. Cardiovascular Dynamics

IV. Respiratory Function

V. Renal Function

VI. Alimentary Function

VII. Metabolism of Water and Electrolytes

VIII. The Nature of Weight Gain during Pregnancy

IX. Energy Metabolism

X. Metabolism of Minerals and Vitamins

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
522
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1968
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483263809

About the Editor

N. S. Assali