The Laws of Large Numbers

The Laws of Large Numbers

1st Edition - January 1, 1967

Write a review

  • Author: Pál Révész
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483269023

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


The Law of Large Numbers deals with three types of law of large numbers according to the following convergences: stochastic, mean, and convergence with probability 1. The book also investigates the rate of convergence and the laws of the iterated logarithm. It reviews measure theory, probability theory, stochastic processes, ergodic theory, orthogonal series, Huber spaces, Banach spaces, as well as the special concepts and general theorems of the laws of large numbers. The text discusses the laws of large numbers of different classes of stochastic processes, such as independent random variables, orthogonal random variables, stationary sequences, symmetrically dependent random variables and their generalizations, and also Markov chains. It presents other laws of large numbers for subsequences of sequences of random variables, including some general laws of large numbers which are not related to any concrete class of stochastic processes. The text cites applications of the theorems, as in numbers theory, statistics, and information theory. The text is suitable for mathematicians, economists, scientists, statisticians, or researchers involved with the probability and relative frequency of large numbers.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

    Chapter 0. Mathematical Background

    § 0.1. Measure Theory

    § 0.2. Probability Theory

    § 0.3. Stochastic Processes

    § 0.4. Hubert and Banach Spaces

    § 0.5. Ergodic Theory

    § 0.6. Orthogonal Series

    Chapter 1. Definitions and Generalities

    § 1.1. The Different Kinds of the Laws of Large Numbers

    § 1.2. General Theorems

    Chapter 2. Independent Random Variables

    § 2.1. Inequalities

    § 2.2. The Three Series Theorem

    § 2.3. What are the Possible Limits?

    § 2.4. Convergence in Mean

    § 2.5. Weak Laws

    § 2.6. Estimation of the Rate of Convergence

    § 2.7. Strong Laws

    § 2.8. The Law of the Iterated Logarithm

    § 2.9. Identically Distributed Random Variables

    § 2.10. Weighted Averages

    § 2.11. Convergence to + ∞

    Chapter 3. Orthogonal Random Variables

    § 3.1. Inequalities

    § 3.2. Convergence of Series and a Strong Law of Large Numbers

    § 3.3. Multiplicative Systems

    § 3.4. Special Orthogonal Sequences

    Chapter 4. Stationary Sequences

    § 4.1. Stationary Sequences in the Strong Sense

    § 4.2. Strong and Weak Laws for Stationary Sequences in the Weak Sense

    § 4.3. The Estimation of Tthe Covariance Function

    Chapter 5. Subsequences of Sequences of Random Variables

    § 5.1. A Conjecture of H. Steinhaus

    § 5.2. Subsequences of Stationary Sequences

    § 5.3. Subsequences of Special Orthogonal Sequences

    Chapter 6. Symmetrically Dependent Random Variables and their Generalizations

    § 6.1. Symmetrically Dependent Random Variables

    § 6.2. Quasi-Independent Events

    § 6.3. Quasi-Multiplicative Systems

    Chapter 7. Markov Chains

    § 7.1. Homogeneous Markov Chains

    § 7.2. Non-Homogeneous Markov Chains

    § 7.3. The Law of the Iterated Logarithm

    Chapter 8. Weakly Dependent Random Variables

    § 8.1. A General Theorem on Centered Random Variables

    § 8.2. Mixing

    Chapter 9. Independent Random Variables Taking Values in an Abstract Space

    § 9.1. Independent Random Variables Taking Values in a Hubert Space

    § 9.2. Independent Random Variables Taking Values in a Banach Space

    Chapter 10. Sum of a Random Number of Independent Random Variables

    Chapter 11. Applications

    § 11.1. Applications in Number Theory

    § 11.2. Applications in Statistics

    § 11.3. Applications in Information Theory


    Author Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 176
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1967
  • Published: January 1, 1967
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483269023

About the Author

Pál Révész

About the Editors

Z. W. Birnbaum

E. Lukacs

Affiliations and Expertise

Bowling Green State University

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "The Laws of Large Numbers"