The Indian Nitrogen Assessment

The Indian Nitrogen Assessment

Sources of Reactive Nitrogen, Environmental and Climate Effects, Management Options, and Policies

1st Edition - August 14, 2017

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  • Editors: YP Abrol, TK Adhya, Viney P. Aneja, Nandula Raghuram, Himanshu Pathak, Umesh Kulshrestha, Chhemendra Sharma, Bijay Singh
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128118368
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128119044

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The Indian Nitrogen Assessment: Sources of Reactive Nitrogen, Environmental and Climate Effects, and Management Options and Policies provides a reference for anyone interested in Reactive N, from researchers and students, to environmental managers. Although the main processes that affect the N cycle are well known, this book is focused on the causes and effects of disruption in the N cycle, specifically in India. The book helps readers gain a precise understanding of the scale of nitrogen use, misuse, and release through various agricultural, industrial, vehicular, and other activities, also including discussions on its contribution to the pollution of water and air. Drawing upon the collective work of the Indian Nitrogen Group, this reference book helps solve the challenges associated with providing reliable estimates of nitrogen transfers within different ecosystems, also presenting the next steps that should be taken in the development of balanced, cost-effective, and feasible strategies to reduce the amount of reactive nitrogen.

Key Features

  • Identifies all significant sources of reactive nitrogen flows and their contribution to the nitrogen-cycle on a national, regional, and global level
  • Covers nitrogen management across sectors, including the environment, food security, energy, and health
  • Provides a single reference on reactive nitrogen in India to help in a number of activities, including the evaluation, analysis, synthesis, documentation, and communications on reactive nitrogen


Earth scientists, Environmental scientists, Agricultural scientists, Ecologists, Environmental chemists, Anthropologists, Engineers

Table of Contents

  • 1. Reactive N assessment: What is its significance
    2. N fertilizer production and consumption: Indian scenario
    3. Nitrogen processes in agricultural ecosystems
    4. Nitrogen and crop production in India
    5. Nitrogen Budget of Intensively cultivated Cropping systems in original Green revolution states of India
    6. Efficient nitrogen management under predominant cropping systems in India
    7. Nitrogen and crop quality
    8. Plant nitrogen use efficiency
    9. Nitrogen and soil quality
    10. BNF contribution to reactive N: Indian scenario
    11. Biological Nitrogen Fixation in India: Trend Line on Budget and scientific developments
    12. Reactive N in Indian grasslands
    13. Nitrogen in Agro-forestry of India
    14. Reactive N in horticultural crops
    15. Reactive N: Soil, animal and environment interface
    16. Biological Nitrogen Fixation in India: Trend Line on Budget and scientific developments
    17. Reactive N in Indian grasslands
    18. Nitrogen in Agro-forestry of India
    19. Reactive N in horticultural crops
    20. Reactive N: Soil, animal and environment interface
    21. Atmospheric Nr assessment in Indian region
    22. Reactive N and water quality
    23. Nitrates in Groundwater
    24. N assessment in surface waters of India
    25. N-oxides and cardiovascular disease
    26. Nitrate toxicity in humans: an Indian scenario
    27. Nitrogen in aquaculture and fisheries
    28. Nitrogen and poultry production
    29. Food choice and reactive N content in Indian region
    30. Nitrogen and climate change
    31. Nitrogen oxides and air quality
    32. Reactive N dynamics in mangroves of India
    33. Nitrogen processes in Indian coastal ecosystem
    34. Nitrogen in coastal and oceanic systems
    35. Nitrogen and natural ecosystems
    36. Emission of reactive N from waste sector
    37. N and Energy sector
    38. Reactive N and policy issues
    39. Nitrogen scenario of India – A futuristic assessment

Product details

  • No. of pages: 568
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2017
  • Published: August 14, 2017
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128118368
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128119044

About the Editors

YP Abrol

Prof. Y.P. Abrol, President ING-SCON (Indian Nitrogen Group), Former Head of the Division of Plant Physiology at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Hamdard University, India. Professor Abrol’s exhaustive Analysis on nitrogen fertilizer use contributed significantly to the 'understanding of the 'regulation of nitrate assimilation'. Professor Abrol worked out a complete N balance sheet of wheat and barley, which formed the basis for understanding and recommendation for optimal utilization of Nitrogen. He published more than 150 research papers and several review papers in different Indian/International Journals, and also edited 15 volumes of publication in various fields relating to agricultural and plant studies.

Affiliations and Expertise

Society for Conservation of Nature, New Delhi, India

TK Adhya

Professor T.K. Adhya has research interest in the area of environmental microbiology and sustainable agriculture with emphasis on greenhouse gas emission, nitrogen nutrition and microbial diversity analysis, with flooded rice soil as the model ecosystem. Tapan has published more than 140 original research papers in leading national and international journals and authored more than 27 chapters in books published by established national and international publishing houses. He is also the author/coauthor of several international reports published by UNEP, Nairobi, SACEP, Colombo, WRI, USA, FAO, Rome and ISRIC, Netherlands.

Affiliations and Expertise

KIIT University, Bhubaneswar, India

Viney P. Aneja

Affiliations and Expertise

North Carolina State University, USA

Nandula Raghuram

Affiliations and Expertise

GGS Indraprastha University, New Delhi, India

Himanshu Pathak

Affiliations and Expertise

National Rice Research Instt, Cuttack, India

Umesh Kulshrestha

Affiliations and Expertise

Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi, India

Chhemendra Sharma

Affiliations and Expertise

National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi, India

Bijay Singh

Affiliations and Expertise

Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India

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  • ClaudiaM C. Mon Jun 04 2018

    very interesting book

    This Indian N assessement is a very interesting and accurate follow up of the European N Assessment that was published back in 2011. It is very important to have these assessments at the international level, but by countries which is the case. Thank you to Elsevier to do this pubblication. It would be acknowlegeable if Elsevier could have special conditions to stimulate the publication of N assessments from other countries.