The Impact of Noise Pollution - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080181660, 9781483187419

The Impact of Noise Pollution

1st Edition

A Socio-Technological Introduction

Authors: George Bugliarello Ariel Alexandre John Barnes
eBook ISBN: 9781483187419
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1976
Page Count: 486
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Description

The Impact of Noise Pollution: A Socio-Technological Introduction explores the areas that contribute to the generation of noise in the environment. Also covered are the different aspects of human life that is being affected by daily exposure to noise. Issues such as the increasing number of people who have impaired hearing are also addressed in the book.

The book first gives an introduction to the threats being posed by noise, followed by topics such as the awareness of the people on the detrimental effect of noise; overall effects of noise on the whole body; and effects of noise on the condition of sleep. The sources of noise, such as the surface transportation and motor vehicle, are extensively discussed. Negative psychological effects of noise are also covered. The final chapter of the book is about the reduction of noise produced by motor vehicles. The text is a comprehensive source of information about noise intended for the general reader.

Table of Contents


Contents

Foreword

References

Part I The Socio-Technological Problems of Noise

Chapter 1 Noise: Ubiquity, Threats, and Questions

The Problem

An Overview of This Book

References

Chapter 2 The Awareness of Noise as a Risk

The Low Awareness

To Increase Awareness

Pressures For Reduction of Noise

Availability of Noise Cost Information

Some Problems In Public Information

References

Part II The Effects of Noise On Health

Chapter 3 The Effects of Noise On Hearing

Introduction

Prevalence of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

Prevention of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

The Burns and Robinson Study and the 1974 EPA Report

The Effect of Aging and Pathology

References

Chapter 4 The Effects of Noise On Sleep

Introduction

Sleep—What For?

The Progress of A Night of Sleep

The Disturbance To Sleep

References

Chapter 5 Other Physiological and Psychological Effects of Noise

Other Physiological Effects

Psychological EffectsP

References

Part III Surface Transportation Noise

Chapter 6 Introduction

The Problem

The Sources of Surface Transportation Noise

References

Chapter 7 Trends In Motor Vehicle Noise

Past Developments

Foreseeable Trends

References

Chapter 8 The Technology of Reducing Motor Vehicle Noise

Sources of Noise In Motor Vehicles

Noise Reduction Without Radical Changes in Design

Radical Changes In Design

Noise, Safety, and Air Pollution

Summary of Approaches for Reducing Motor Vehicle Noise at the Source

References

Chapter 9 Noise Emission Standards

Present Legislation

Current Trends

Rail Vehicles

References

Chapter 10 The Characteristics and Impact of Surface Transportation Noise

Characteristics of Traffic Noise

Factors Influencing Traffic Noise

Summary of Factors Capable of Producing Significant Changes in Traffic Noise

Exposure to Train Noise

Exposure Inside Vehicles

Exposure To Train Noise

References

Chapter 11 Reducing Exposure to Traffic Noise

Urban Planning and Road Design

Sound Proofing and Arrangement of Living Space

References

Part IV Aircraft Noise

Chapter 12 Introduction

References

Chapter 13 Sources and Propagation of Aircraft Noise

Sources of Aircraft Noise

Propagation and Measurement

References

Chapter 14 The Technology For Reducing Aircraft Noise

Reduction of Noise Through Engineering

Operational Noise Reduction

References

Chapter 15 Exposure and Reactions To Aircraft Noise

The Participating Environment

The Non-Participating Environment

Some Considerations On The Planning of Airports

References

Chapter 16 The Supersonic Transport and The Sonic Boom

Introduction

Public Reaction

Effects On Structures and Animals

Some Significant Field Tests

Technical Considerations

A Pessimistic Outlook for the SST

References

Part V Occupational, Domestic, and Leisure Noise

Chapter 17 The Sources of Occupational, Domestic, and Leisure Noise

Industrial Noise

Construction Noise

Household Noise

Leisure Noise

Other Sources

References

Chapter 18 Exposure to Occupational and Leisure Noise

The Problem

Occupational Noise

Non-Occupational Exposure

Standards

References

Chapter 19 Workmen's Safety and Compensation Legislation

Introduction

Safety Legislation

Workmen's Compensation

Appendix: Excerpts From U.S. Department of Labor Recommended Standards For Workmen's Compensation Laws

References

Chapter 20 The Technology of Noise Reduction From Machines

Introduction

How to Reduce Noise

The Cost of Quieting Machines: A Very Rough Estimate for the United States

References

Part VI The Political Economy of Noise

Chapter 21 Introduction

Chapter 22 Economics, Welfare, and Noise

The Aims of Economics

Economic Growth

Economic Efficiency

Economic Equity

References

Chapter 23 Externalities: Voluntary Bargains, Taxes, and Subsidies

Definition

Voluntary Bargains

Taxes and Subsidies

Appendix: The Pricing of Highway Transportation

References

Chapter 24 Externalities: Legislation and Separate Facilities

Basic Considerations

Common Law Action

Noise Legislation

References

Chapter 25 Externalities: An Assessment

The Case Against Legislation

The Case Against Taxes

Summary

References

Chapter 26 Cost-Benefit Analysis

Introduction

The Valuation of Noise

Further Considerations

Appendix: Estimates of Some Components of the Dolar Cost of Noise

References

Part VII Conclusions

Chapter 27 Toward The Future

Introduction

Value-Judgments and Decision Making

The Unique Nature of Noise As A Pollutant

The Issue of Public Transport

Epilogue

References

Appendices

Appendix 1 Measures and Indices of Noise and Annoyance

Noise: Basic Definitions

Measurements and Rating Procedures

Annoyance

References

Appendix 2 Technological Forecasting For Noise Control

The Problem

Forecasting Technological Processes

Forecasting the Community Characteristics

Notes On Forecasting Methodology

Conclusions

References

Appendix 3 Environmental Impact Statements For Noise

The National Environmental Policy Act and The Council On Environmental Quality

The Environmental Impact Statement

References

Index


Details

No. of pages:
486
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1976
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483187419

About the Author

George Bugliarello

Ariel Alexandre

John Barnes

Ratings and Reviews