The Horner Site

The Horner Site

The Type Site of the Cody Cultural Complex

1st Edition - May 21, 1987

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  • Editors: George Frison, Lawrence Todd
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483299365

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Description

The Horner Site: The Type Site of the Cody Cultural Complex covers significant archaeological and geological research studies of the analytic and interpretative analysis of the Horner site. This 11-chapter text specifically explores the early Paleoindian studies at the site. The introductory chapters reflect the history of the Princeton and Smithsonian investigations at the Horner site, including the excavation techniques, geologic studies, stone tool assemblage, and faunal remains. The subsequent chapters discuss the paleoecological studies conducted by the University of Wyoming at the site, specifically the taphonomy of the Horner II bone bed. These topics are followed by descriptions of the projectile points and specialized bifaces from the Horner site, as well as the stone flaking material sources for the site. Other chapters focus on the geological features and the local fauna of the Horner site. The concluding chapters examine the soil formation and paleoenvironmental interpretation at the site. This book will be of great value to archaeologists, geologists, and paleontologists.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    The Foundations of High Plains Paleoindian Research

    The Bighorn Basin

    The Horner Site

    Paleoindian Evidence in the Bighorn Basin

    2 History of the Princeton and Smithsonian Investigations at the Horner Site

    3 Excavation and Documentation of the Princeton and Smithsonian Horner Site Assemblages

    Introduction

    Excavation Techniques

    Geologic Studies

    Stone Tool Assemblage

    Feature

    Faunal Remains

    Discussion

    4 The University of Wyoming Investigations at the Horner Site

    Background Information

    The 1977 Work at the Horner Site

    The 1978 Investigations at the Horner Site

    Problems in Horner Site Interpretation

    Paleoecological Studies at the Horner Site

    The Final Investigations at the Horner Site

    The Horner II Bone Bed Analysis

    Concluding Remarks on the University of Wyoming Investigations

    Radiocarbon Dates from the Horner Site

    5 Taphonomy of the Horner II Bone Bed

    Introduction

    Taphonomy of Bone Beds

    The Alberta/Cody Bone Bed at the Horner Site

    Formation of the Alberta/Cody Bone Bed

    6 Projectile Points and Specialized Bifaces from the Horner Site

    Introduction

    The Analytical Sample

    Cody Complex Projectile-Point Typology

    The Horner II Assemblage

    The Horner I Assemblage

    Projectile-Point Comparisons

    Cody Knives

    Horner-Claypool Comparisons

    Projectile-Point Reworking

    Aberrant Forms

    Conclusions

    7 The Tool Assemblage, Unfinished Bifaces, and Stone Flaking Material Sources for the Horner Site

    The Horner Site Tool Assemblages

    The Horner Site I Tool Assemblage

    The Horner Site II Tool Assemblage

    Stone Flaking Material Sources

    8 Geologic Investigations

    Method of Investigation

    Previous Geologic Investigations of the Horner Site

    General Setting

    Terraces of the Shoshone River Valley

    Geology of the Horner Site

    Summary

    9 Horner Site Local Fauna: Vertebrates

    Introduction

    Systematic Descriptions

    Discussion

    10 Soil Formation and Paleoenvironmental Interpretation at the Horner Site, Park County, Wyoming

    Introduction

    Methods

    The Site

    The Soil Profile and Sedimentologie Environments

    The Soils

    Summary and Conclusions

    11 Summary and Concluding Remarks

    General Observations

    Horner I

    Horner II

    Paleoindian Bison Procurement at the Horner Site

    Appendix 1 Bison Bone Measurements

    Humerus

    Radius

    Ulna

    Femur

    Tibia

    Appendix 2 The Claypool Study

    Introduction

    Typology

    Technology of the Square-Based Projectile Points

    The Experiments

    Eden Point Manufacture Sequence

    Experimental Results

    Technological/Morphological Attributes of the Claypool Square-Based Projectile Points

    Special Flaking and Retouch Attributes

    Pressure Flake Spacing

    Allocation System

    Cody Knives

    Drills

    Conclusions

    Appendix 3 The Horner Site Debitage

    Introduction

    Mode of Occurrence

    Flake Types

    Distribution of Raw Stone Flaking Materials

    Lithic Technology and Site Use

    Conclusions

    Appendix 4 Fossil Nonmarine Snails from the Horner Site

    Introduction

    Systematic Discussions

    Appendix 5 Opal Phytolith Studies from the Horner Site, Wyoming

    Introduction

    Interpretations

    Bone Bed Level, 1978 Excavations

    Conclusions

    Appendix 6 The Larson Cache

    Introduction

    Spatial Association Versus Behavioral Association

    Typology of the Larson Cache Materials

    Metric Comparisons

    Production Sequences and Options

    Artifact Use Histories

    Discussion

    Appendix 7 The Finley Site Bison Bone

    Modifications to the Finley Bison Remains

    Methodology

    Analysis of the Finley Bison Bones

    Appendix 8 Bison Mandibles from the Horner and Finley Sites

    Determination of Bison Age and Season of Death

    Horner and Finley Age Group Descriptions: Mandibular Dentition Eruption and Wear

    Discussion

    Bison Sexing by Molars and Mandibles

    Comparisons of the Horner and Finley Samples

    Summary

    Appendix 9 Horner Site Artifact Data

    References

    Name Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 586
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1987
  • Published: May 21, 1987
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483299365

About the Editors

George Frison

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Wyoming, Laramie, U.S.A.

Lawrence Todd

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Denver, Colorado, U.S.A.

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