The Hormones V2 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123957139, 9780323142526

The Hormones V2

1st Edition

Physiology, Chemistry and Applications

Authors: NNN Unknown Publisher
eBook ISBN: 9780323142526
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1950
Page Count: 792
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The Hormones: Physiology, Chemistry and Applications, Volume II covers the chemistry, physiology, and clinical applications of the mammalian endocrinology.
This volume contains 10 chapters, and begins with discussions on the physiology and the role of ovarian hormones and androgens on vital processes. The subsequent chapters explore the biochemistry, physiology, and metabolism of specific secreted hormones, such as adrenal cortex, thyroid, and posterior pituitary hormones, and gonadotrophins. Other chapters deal also with the chemical control of nervous activity of acetylcholine, adrenaline, sympathin, and neurohormones. The concluding chapter focuses on the clinical applications of the covered hormones and their role in mammalian growth. This book is an invaluable source for mammalian endocrinologists, physiologists, biochemists, and researchers who are interested in mammalian development.

Table of Contents


Contributors to Volume II

I. The Physiology of Ovarian Hormones.

I. Introduction

II. Sex Cycles in the Female

III. The Effects of Ovariectomy

IV. The Effects of Replacement Therapy with Ovarian Hormones

V. The Ovarian Hormones in Females with Intact Gonads

VI. Effects of Ovarian Hormones on Embryogenesis

VII. Effects of Ovarian Hormones in Males


II. Physiology of Androgens.

I. Introduction and Historical

II. Influence of Androgens on Sex Differentiation of the Embryo

III. Influence of Androgens in Various Animals

IV. Influence of Androgens on Protein, Carbohydrate, and Electrolyte Metabolism

V. Influence of Androgens on Enzymes

VI. Influence of Androgens on Tumors

VII. Influence of Androgens on Erythrocytes and Hemoglobin


III. Physiology of the Adrenal Cortex.

I. Introduction

II. Development and Control of the Adrenal Cortex

III. Adrenocortical Insufficiency

IV. Biochemical Changes in Adrenal Insufficiency

V. Adrenal Cortex and Kidney Function

VI. Adrenal Influence on Heart, Arterioles, and Capillaries

VII. Adrenal Cortex and Muscle Function

VIII. Adrenal Cortex and Carbohydrate Metabolism

IX. Adrenal Cortex and Protein Metabolism

X. Adrenal Cortex and Enzymes

XI. Adrenal Cortex and Fat Metabolism

XII. Adrenal Cortex and Resistance

XIII. Influence of Adrenal Cortex on Thymus, Lymph Nodes, and Blood Cells

XIV. Alterations in Cholesterol and Ascorbic Acid Content of Adrenal Cortex

XV. Cortin Content of Adrenal Venous Blood

XVI. Miscellaneous Functions

XVII. Adrenal-Gonad Relationship

XVIII. Therapeutic Action of Compound E (Cortisone)


IV. The Chemistry and Physiology of the Thyroid Hormone.

I. Thyroid Structure and Development

II. The Thyroid Hormone

III. The Thyro-Pituitary Axis

IV. The Thyro-Ovarian Axis

V. The Circulating Hormone in Plasma, Lymph, and Other Body Fluids

VI. Euthyroidism and Dysthyroidism

VII. The Effects of Thyroid Hormone

VIII. Thyroid Activity and the Need for Thyroid Hormone

IX. Iodine Metabolism and the Thyroid Gland

X. Iodine Metabolism in Thyroid Dysfunction


V. The Control of Thyroid Activity

I. Physiology of Thyrotrophin

II. Thyroid Blocking Agents


VI. Physiology of the Gonadotrophins

I. Introduction

II. Pituitary Gonadotrophins (FSH and ICSH)

III. Human Urinary Gonadotrophins

IV. Hormonal Requirements for Maintenance of Pregnancy

V. Equine Gonadotrophin or Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotrophin (PMS)

VI. Factors Affecting the Response to Gonadotrophins

VII. Antigonadotrophins


VII. The Hypophysis and Diabetes Mellitus

I. Introduction

II. Hypersensitivity to Insulin after Hypophysectomy

III. Carbohydrate Stores of Hypophysectomized Animals

IV. Hypophysectomy of Depancreatized Animals

V. Enhancement or Production of Diabetes Mellitus by Hypophyseal Extracts

VI. Effects of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone and Growth Hormone


VIII. Hormones of the Posterior Pituitary

I. Introduction

II. Seat of Origin of Posterior-Lobe Properties

III. Neural Lobe

IV. Intermediate Lobe


IX. Chemical Control of Nervous Activity. A. Acetylcholine

I. Introduction

II. Acetylcholine Esterase

III. Correlation between Electrical Events and Chemical Reaction in Electric Tissue

IV. Choline Acetylase

V. Effect of Inhibitors of Acetylcholine Esterase on Conduction

VI. Difference between Axon and Synapse

VII. Possible Mode of Action of Acetylcholine


IX. Chemical Control of Nervous Activity. B. Adrenaline and Sympathin

I. Assay of Adrenaline and Related Amines

II. Chromaffin Tissues

III. The Adrenergic System

IV. Biosynthesis of Adrenaline

V. Relation between Adrenaline and Sympathin

VI. Newly Discovered Functions of Adrenaline

VII. New Synthetic Sympathomimetics


IX. Chemical Control of Nervous Activity. C. Neurohormones in Lower Vertebrates

I. Historical Introduction

II. Chromatophores

III. Chromatophoral Nerves and Hormones

IV. Neurohormones


X. Clinical Endocrinology

I. The Pituitary Gland

II. The Thyroid Gland

III. The Parathyroid Glands

IV. The Testes

V. The Ovaries

VI. The Adrenal Glands


Author Index

Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1950
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