The Hormones V2

The Hormones V2

Physiology, Chemistry and Applications

1st Edition - January 1, 1950

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  • Author: NNN Unknown Publisher
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142526

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The Hormones: Physiology, Chemistry and Applications, Volume II covers the chemistry, physiology, and clinical applications of the mammalian endocrinology. This volume contains 10 chapters, and begins with discussions on the physiology and the role of ovarian hormones and androgens on vital processes. The subsequent chapters explore the biochemistry, physiology, and metabolism of specific secreted hormones, such as adrenal cortex, thyroid, and posterior pituitary hormones, and gonadotrophins. Other chapters deal also with the chemical control of nervous activity of acetylcholine, adrenaline, sympathin, and neurohormones. The concluding chapter focuses on the clinical applications of the covered hormones and their role in mammalian growth. This book is an invaluable source for mammalian endocrinologists, physiologists, biochemists, and researchers who are interested in mammalian development.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Contributors to Volume II

    I. The Physiology of Ovarian Hormones.

    I. Introduction

    II. Sex Cycles in the Female

    III. The Effects of Ovariectomy

    IV. The Effects of Replacement Therapy with Ovarian Hormones

    V. The Ovarian Hormones in Females with Intact Gonads

    VI. Effects of Ovarian Hormones on Embryogenesis

    VII. Effects of Ovarian Hormones in Males


    II. Physiology of Androgens.

    I. Introduction and Historical

    II. Influence of Androgens on Sex Differentiation of the Embryo

    III. Influence of Androgens in Various Animals

    IV. Influence of Androgens on Protein, Carbohydrate, and Electrolyte Metabolism

    V. Influence of Androgens on Enzymes

    VI. Influence of Androgens on Tumors

    VII. Influence of Androgens on Erythrocytes and Hemoglobin


    III. Physiology of the Adrenal Cortex.

    I. Introduction

    II. Development and Control of the Adrenal Cortex

    III. Adrenocortical Insufficiency

    IV. Biochemical Changes in Adrenal Insufficiency

    V. Adrenal Cortex and Kidney Function

    VI. Adrenal Influence on Heart, Arterioles, and Capillaries

    VII. Adrenal Cortex and Muscle Function

    VIII. Adrenal Cortex and Carbohydrate Metabolism

    IX. Adrenal Cortex and Protein Metabolism

    X. Adrenal Cortex and Enzymes

    XI. Adrenal Cortex and Fat Metabolism

    XII. Adrenal Cortex and Resistance

    XIII. Influence of Adrenal Cortex on Thymus, Lymph Nodes, and Blood Cells

    XIV. Alterations in Cholesterol and Ascorbic Acid Content of Adrenal Cortex

    XV. Cortin Content of Adrenal Venous Blood

    XVI. Miscellaneous Functions

    XVII. Adrenal-Gonad Relationship

    XVIII. Therapeutic Action of Compound E (Cortisone)


    IV. The Chemistry and Physiology of the Thyroid Hormone.

    I. Thyroid Structure and Development

    II. The Thyroid Hormone

    III. The Thyro-Pituitary Axis

    IV. The Thyro-Ovarian Axis

    V. The Circulating Hormone in Plasma, Lymph, and Other Body Fluids

    VI. Euthyroidism and Dysthyroidism

    VII. The Effects of Thyroid Hormone

    VIII. Thyroid Activity and the Need for Thyroid Hormone

    IX. Iodine Metabolism and the Thyroid Gland

    X. Iodine Metabolism in Thyroid Dysfunction


    V. The Control of Thyroid Activity

    I. Physiology of Thyrotrophin

    II. Thyroid Blocking Agents


    VI. Physiology of the Gonadotrophins

    I. Introduction

    II. Pituitary Gonadotrophins (FSH and ICSH)

    III. Human Urinary Gonadotrophins

    IV. Hormonal Requirements for Maintenance of Pregnancy

    V. Equine Gonadotrophin or Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotrophin (PMS)

    VI. Factors Affecting the Response to Gonadotrophins

    VII. Antigonadotrophins


    VII. The Hypophysis and Diabetes Mellitus

    I. Introduction

    II. Hypersensitivity to Insulin after Hypophysectomy

    III. Carbohydrate Stores of Hypophysectomized Animals

    IV. Hypophysectomy of Depancreatized Animals

    V. Enhancement or Production of Diabetes Mellitus by Hypophyseal Extracts

    VI. Effects of Adrenocorticotropic Hormone and Growth Hormone


    VIII. Hormones of the Posterior Pituitary

    I. Introduction

    II. Seat of Origin of Posterior-Lobe Properties

    III. Neural Lobe

    IV. Intermediate Lobe


    IX. Chemical Control of Nervous Activity. A. Acetylcholine

    I. Introduction

    II. Acetylcholine Esterase

    III. Correlation between Electrical Events and Chemical Reaction in Electric Tissue

    IV. Choline Acetylase

    V. Effect of Inhibitors of Acetylcholine Esterase on Conduction

    VI. Difference between Axon and Synapse

    VII. Possible Mode of Action of Acetylcholine


    IX. Chemical Control of Nervous Activity. B. Adrenaline and Sympathin

    I. Assay of Adrenaline and Related Amines

    II. Chromaffin Tissues

    III. The Adrenergic System

    IV. Biosynthesis of Adrenaline

    V. Relation between Adrenaline and Sympathin

    VI. Newly Discovered Functions of Adrenaline

    VII. New Synthetic Sympathomimetics


    IX. Chemical Control of Nervous Activity. C. Neurohormones in Lower Vertebrates

    I. Historical Introduction

    II. Chromatophores

    III. Chromatophoral Nerves and Hormones

    IV. Neurohormones


    X. Clinical Endocrinology

    I. The Pituitary Gland

    II. The Thyroid Gland

    III. The Parathyroid Glands

    IV. The Testes

    V. The Ovaries

    VI. The Adrenal Glands


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 792
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1950
  • Published: January 1, 1950
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323142526

About the Author

NNN Unknown Publisher

NNN Unknown Publisher
Mohammad Reza Kiani is a research associate at the University of Tehran. He started his research with writing a book chapter about aquatic water and water treatment. He is working on CO2 absorption in micro channels and specifications of microfluidic and nanofluidic systems. His research interests are modelling and experimental investigations about novel methods of CO2 capture. Besides, he has collaborated with other researchers in Shiraz University in writing new book chapters and books from Elsevier.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Associate, University of Tehran, Iran

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