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The Hormones V1 - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123957122, 9780323142069

The Hormones V1

1st Edition

Physiology, Chemistry and Applications

Author: NNN Unknown Publisher
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123957122
eBook ISBN: 9780323142069
Paperback ISBN: 9780124122925
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1948
Page Count: 898
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The Hormones: Physiology, Chemistry and Applications, Volume I covers roles of hormones in a wide diversity of vital processes. This volume consists of 16 chapters that discuss the chemistry of hormones, their role in organisms other than mammals, and some aspects of the animal physiology. After a brief history of hormone research studies, this book goes on exploring the chemistry, physiology, assay, and mechanism of action of plant, insect, and crustacean hormones. The subsequent chapters examine the biochemistry, physiology, and assay methods of hormones of the gastrointestinal tract, parathyroid gland, pancreas, and ovary. These topics are followed by discussions on the chemistry and metabolism of other hormones, such as progesterone, androgens, and adrenal cortical and anterior pituitary hormones. The final chapters consider the role of ovarian, pituitary, and thyroid hormones in mammary growth, as well as the mechanism of hormonal control of lactation. Endocrinologists, applied biologists, physiologists, biochemists, and researchers in various fields of medicine will find this book of great value.

Table of Contents


Contributors to Volume I

Historical Introduction

Plant Growth Hormones

I. Historical Development and Definitions

II. Assay Methods

III. Chemistry of Auxins

IV. Transport of Auxin

V. Role of Auxin in Tropisms

VI. Root Formation

VII. Phenomena of Inhibition and Toxicity

VIII. Other Actions of Auxin

IX. Mechanism of Action


Other Plant Hormones

I. Wound Hormones


II. Flower-Forming Hormones


III. Leaf Growth Substances


IV. Vitamins, Steroids, and Carotenoids as Plant Hormones


V. Additional Postulated Hormones


VI. Hormone-like Substances in Fungi


Hormones in Insects

I. Introduction

II. Endocrine Control of Postembryonic Development

III. Role of Hormones in Reproduction

IV. Hormones and Color Change

V. "Gene Hormones"

VI. Sources of Insect Hormones

VII. Mode of Action and Physicochemical Properties of Insect Hormones


Hormones in Crustaceans

I. Introduction

II. Hormones and Sex Characteristics

III. Hormones and Color Changes

IV. Hormones and Retinal Pigment Movements

V. Hormones and Molting and Growth

VI. Hormones and Other Activities


Hormones of the Gastrointestinal Tract

I. Introduction

II. The Upper Intestine

III. The Gastric Mucosa

IV. The Salivary Glands

V. Urogastrone


The Physiology and Chemistry of the Parathyroid Hormone

I. Introduction

II. Embryology and Histology

III. Anatomy

IV. The Effects of Extirpation of the Parathyroid Glands

V. Physiological Activity of the Parathyroid Hormone

VI. Extraction, Purification, and Some Chemical Characteristics of the Parathyroid Hormone

VII. Stability, Solubility, and Other Characteristics of the Parathyroid Hormone

VIII. Yield and Activity

IX. Assay Methods

X. The Parathyroids in Relation to Other Endocrine Glands

XI. The Bearing of Dietary Mineral Intake, Pregnancy, Lactation and Renal Inadequacy on the Regulation of the Size and Functional Activity of the Parathyroids

XII. Alterations of Parathyroid Function in Man

XIII. Relation of the Parathyroids to Skeletal Growth, Bone Repair, and Dental Defects

XIV. Mineral Appetite


The Internal Secretion of the Pancreas

I. Introduction

II. History

III. Islets of Langerhans

IV. The Preparation of Insulin

V. Chemistry of Insulin

VI. Standardization of Insulin

VII. Administration of Insulin

VIII. Physiological Action of Insulin

IX. Endocrine Function of the Pancreas


Assay of Ovarian Hormones


International Standards

I. Chemical Methods of Assay

II. Physical Methods of Assay

III. Biological Assay Methods


The Chemistry and Metabolism of the Estrogens

I. Chemistry of Estrogens

II. Metabolism of Estrogens


Chemistry and Metabolism of Progesterone

I. Chemistry of Progesterone

II. Metabolism of Progesterone


Biochemistry of Androgens

I. Sources of Androgens

II. Isolation of Androgens and Related Compounds

III. Form in Which Androgens Occur in Urine

IV. Assay of Androgens and Related Substances

V. Concentrations of Androgens and 17-Ketosteroids in Urine and Blood

VI. Metabolism of Androgens

VII. Mechanism of Action of Androgens

VIII. Inhibitory Effects of Certain Compounds on Action of Androgens

IX. Ability of Androgens to Inhibit Action of Other Steroid Hormones

X. Possible Androgenic Activity of Other Hormones and Pregneninolone


Chemistry and Metabolism of the Adrenal Cortical Hormones

I. Historical Introduction and Synopsis

II. Hormone Concentrates

III. The Steroids Isolated in Crystalline State from Adrenal Tissue

IV. Artificial Preparation of the Active Adrenal Steroids

V. The Amorphous Fraction

VI. Relationship between Chemical Structure and Physiological Action

VII. Metabolism of the Adrenocortical Hormones


Chemistry of Anterior Pituitary Hormones

I. Goriadotrophic Hormones

II. Lactogenic Hormone (Prolactin)

III. Thyrotrophic Hormone

IV. Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH)

V. Growth Hormone

VI. Summary


Hormonal Control of Mammary Growth

I. Morphology of the Mammary Gland

II. Early Investigations

III. The Ovarian Hormones and Mammary Growth

IV. The Anterior Pituitary Gland and Mammary Growth

V. The Androgens and Mammary Growth

VI. The Thyroid and Mammary Growth

VII. The Placenta and Mammary Growth

VIII. Comparative Aspects of Mammary Growth Control

IX. The Control of Nipple Growth


Hormonal Control of Lactation

I. The Anterior Pituitary and Lactation

II. The Adrenal Cortex and Lactation

III. The Thyroid and Lactation

IV. The Ovarian Hormones and Lactation

V. The Pancreatic Islets and Lactation

VI. The Posterior Pituitary and Lactation

VII. The Hormonal Control of Milk Composition

VIII. Assay and Physiological Properties of Prolactin


Author Index

Subject Index


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© Academic Press 1948
1st January 1948
Academic Press
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