The Future Supply of Nature-Made Petroleum and Gas

The Future Supply of Nature-Made Petroleum and Gas

Technical Reports

1st Edition - January 1, 1977

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  • Editor: R. F. Meyer
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483181974

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Description

The Future Supply of Nature-made Petroleum and Gas Technical Reports is a collection of papers that covers various issues and concerns in the world petroleum supply. The materials in the book are organized thematically into sections. The text first covers the world perspectives of conventional petroleum, and then proceeds to discussing the classification of petroleum resources. Section III deals with the conventional oil and gas deposits, while Section IV talks about enhanced oil recovery. Next, the selection deals with gases in tight formations, along with tar sand, heavy oil, and oil shale deposits. The eighth section tackles gases in geopressured reservoirs, while the ninth section details other unconventional petroleum and gas deposits. The last section deals with concerns in technology transfer of petroleum and gas technology. The book will be of great use to researchers and practitioners in disciplines involved in the petroleum industry.

Table of Contents

  • ORGANIZING COMMITTEE FOR THE CONFERENCE

    PARTICIPANTS IN THE CONFERENCE

    FOREWORD

    PREFACE

    LIST OF SYMBOLS, ABBREVIATIONS, AND CONVERSION FACTORS

    ILLUSTRATIONS

    SUMMARY

    INTRODUCTION: THE FUTURE SUPPLY OF NATURE-MADE PETROLEUM AND GAS

    SECTION I: WORLD PERSPECTIVES ON CONVENTIONAL PETROLEUM

    Chapter 1: OCCURRENCE OF PETROLEUM

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    DEFINITION AND COMPOSITION

    ORIGIN

    SOURCE-BED IDENTIFICATION

    SECONDARY MIGRATION AND ENTRAPMENT

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 2: THE PETROLEUM EXPLORATION CHALLENGE WITH RESPECT TO THE DEVELOPING NATIONS

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    THE OUTCOME OF PAST PETROLEUM DEVELOPMENT

    SCHEME FOR ASSESSING PETROLEUM OPPORTUNITIES

    PETROLEUM PROSPECTIVE AREAS

    CUMULATIVE PETROLEUM DRILLING IN VARIOUS REGIONS

    DENSITY OF PETROLEUM DRILLING IN VARIOUS REGIONS

    WINDOW ON OIL CHART

    FINAL COMMENTS

    Chapter 3: TOTAL ENERGY RESOURCE EVALUATION AS PART OF FUTURE OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 4: IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE PETROLEUM EXPLORATION

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    RESOURCES AND RESERVES OF PETROLEUM

    INTERDEPENDENT EXPLORATION TECHNIQUES

    ECONOMICS AND GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT

    Chapter 5: THE POTENTIAL AND TIME FRAME FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PETROLEUM IN THE DEEP OCEAN

    ABSTRACT

    CONTINENTAL SHELVES

    SMALL MARGINAL BASINS

    CONTINENTAL RISES

    ABYSSAL PLAINS AND LOWER CONTINENTAL RISES

    DIAPIRS

    CONCLUSIONS

    SECTION II: PETROLEUM RESOURCE CLASSIFICATION

    Chapter 6: IMPLICATIONS OF CHANGING OIL PRICES ON RESOURCE EVALUATIONS

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    THE HISTORY OF RESOURCE ESTIMATES

    THE RESOURCE CUBE CONCEPT

    DISCOVERY RATES

    THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EXPLORATORY EFFORT AND AMOUNT OF PROVED RESERVES

    RECOVERY RATES

    THE CHANGE IN OIL PRICES

    POTENTIAL EFFECT ON DISCOVERY AND RECOVERY RATE

    CONCLUSION

    Chapter 7: METHODS USED IN THE USSR FOR ESTIMATING POTENTIAL PETROLEUM RESOURCES

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    METHODS BASED UPON THE ANALOGY PRINCIPLE

    VOLUME-GENETIC METHOD

    HISTORICAL-STATISTICAL METHODS

    CONCLUSION

    Chapter 8: STUDY OF PETROLEUM ZONES: A CONTRIBUTION TO THE APPRAISAL OF HYDROCARBON RESOURCES

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    THE PETROLEUM ZONE

    PARAMETERS OF PETROLEUM ZONES

    SIMILARITY STUDIES

    CORRELATION STUDIES

    MULTIPLE CORRELATIONS

    MULTIPLE CORRELATIONS

    APPLICATION OF THE PZ STUDY

    CONCLUSION

    Chapter 9: UNITED NATIONS ACTIVITIES IN THE CLASSIFICATION AND MEASUREMENT OF OIL AND GAS RESOURCES

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    CLASSIFICATION OF HYDROCARBON RESOURCES AND RESERVES

    ACTIVITIES IN THE CLASSIFICATION AND MEASUREMENT OF OIL AND GAS RESOURCES

    CONCLUSIONS

    Chapter 10: PRESENT AND FUTURE HYDROCARBON RESOURCES OF THE EARTH’S CRUST

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 11: NATURE-MADE PETROLEUM AND GAS IN PLACE: METHODS OF MEASUREMENT AND RELIABILITY OF MEASUREMENTS

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    DETERMINATION OF IN-PLACE HYDROCARBON RESERVES FOR INDIVIDUAL RESERVOIRS

    OIL AND GAS RESERVOIRS

    IN-PLACE RESOURCES OF OIL FROM TAR SANDS

    IN-PLACE OIL RESOURCES FROM OIL SHALE

    SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

    SECTION III: CONVENTIONAL OIL AND GAS DEPOSITS

    Chapter 12: WORLD OIL AND GAS RESERVES FROM ANALYSIS OF GIANT FIELDS AND PETROLEUM BASINS (PROVINCES)

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    BASIN CLASSIFICATION AND CHARACTERISTICS

    CRATONIC BASINS

    INTERMEDIATE CRUSTAL BASINS (Mobile Zone)

    OCEANIC BASINS

    EVOLUTION OF BASIN TYPES

    TRAPS

    RESERVOIRS

    SOURCES

    CAP ROCKS

    REASONS FOR PRODUCTIVITY OF BASINS

    TEMPERATURE EFFECTS

    HISTORY OF THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY IN RELATION TO BASIN DEVELOPMENT

    RELATIONSHIP OF BASIN CHARACTERISTICS TO FUTURE WORLD RESERVES AND ULTIMATE RESOURCES OF CONVENTIONAL RECOVERABLE OIL AND GAS

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 13: GAS FROM CONVENTIONAL OIL FIELDS

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    PETROLEUM POLICY

    PETROLEUM RESERVOIRS

    FUTURE PETROLEUM RESERVES

    PETROLEUM EXPLORATION

    RESERVES ASSESSMENT

    PETROLEUM EXPLOITATION

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS

    Chapter 14: GAS FROM CONVENTIONAL GAS FIELDS

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    WORLD PETROLEUM RESERVES

    CLASSIFICATION OF CONVENTIONAL GAS RESERVOIRS

    VOLUMETRIC DEPLETION GAS AND GAS-CONDENSATE RESERVOIRS

    WATER DRIVE GAS AND GAS-CONDENSATE RESERVOIRS

    RETROGRADE GAS-CONDENSATE RESERVOIRS

    GAS CYCLING OF GAS-CONDENSATE RESERVOIRS

    SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS

    Chapter 15: THE POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTION OF SMALL OIL AND GAS DEPOSITS

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    DEFINITIONS

    SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF DEPOSITS

    ABANDONED RESERVOIRS

    DEVELOPMENT FACTORS

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 16: PETROLEUM POTENTIAL OF SEDIMENTARY BASINS IN THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    LATIN AMERICA

    AFRICA

    MIDDLE EAST

    SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 17: UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR AFRICA (ECA): SUMMARY OF ITS ACTIVITIES IN THE FIELD OF PETROLEUM

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 18: INVESTMENT STRATEGIES FOR MAXIMIZING OIL RESERVES’ RECOVERY FROM MAJOR OFF-SHORE FIELDS

    Publisher Summary

    Conclusion

    Chapter 19: AN R&D EFFORT FOR OIL PRODUCTION IN DEEP WATER

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF OFFSHORE TECHNOLOGY

    AN APPROACH TOWARD PRODUCTION AT GREATER DEPTH

    Chapter 20: STATUS OF THE USSR NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIAL POTENTIAL AND FUTURE PROSPECTS

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 21: DISTRIBUTION OF POTENTIAL HYDROCARBON RESOURCES IN THE USSR AND ITS BEARING ON PROSPECT EVALUATION

    Publisher Summary

    PROVINCES

    ISOLATED REGIONS

    Chapter 22: EVALUATION METHODS OF HYDROCARBON POTENTIAL RESERVES IN EAST SIBERIA

    Publisher Summary

    SECTION IV: ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY

    Chapter 23: ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY: WHAT OF THE FUTURE?

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    DISPLACEMENT EFFICIENCY

    RESERVOIR HETEROGENEITY

    STRATIGRAPHIC CONTINUITY

    PETROFABRICS

    DEVELOPMENT AND CONTROL

    LIMITATIONS OF ENHANCED RECOVERY

    NEW TECHNOLOGICAL HOPES

    Chapter 24: SECONDARY RECOVERY OF OIL

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    THE NEED FOR SECONDARY RECOVERY

    OIL DISPLACEMENT BY WATER OR GAS

    SECONDARY RECOVERY EFFICIENCIES

    CONCLUSIONS

    Chapter 25: SECONDARY RECOVERY OPERATIONS OF OeMV-AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    CRITERIA FOR THE SELECTION OF POOLS

    WATER TREATMENT AND INJECTORS

    METHOD OF PROPOSAL OF WATERFLOODING

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 26: TERTIARY OIL RECOVERY: HOW COME IT’S CALLED THAT?

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    EARLY HISTORY

    PRIMARY RECOVERY

    SECONDARY RECOVERY

    TERTIARY RECOVERY

    Chapter 27: ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY IS AN IMPORTANT WAY TO INCREASE OIL RESOURCES

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    RESERVOIR CYCLIC STIMULATION

    SURFACTANT FLOOD

    CO2 FLOOD

    POLYMER FLOOD

    DISPLACEMENT OF OIL BY HIGH-PRESSURE GAS AND GAS-WATER MIXTURE

    DISPLACEMENT OF OIL BY STEAM COMBINED WITH WATERFLOOD

    RECOVERY OF OIL BY COMBINATION OF WATERFLOOD AND IN SITU COMBUSTION (WET COMBUSTION)

    HOT WATERFLOOD

    MICELLAR FLOOD

    SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

    Chapter 28: TERTIARY OIL RECOVERY PROCESSES: PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES AND POTENTIALITIES

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    RESIDUAL OIL AS TERTIARY TARGET

    POLYMER FLOODING

    FOAM DRIVE

    SURFACTANT SOLUTIONS

    MICELLAR SOLUTIONS (MICROEMULSIONS)

    MISCIBLE DRIVES

    CARBON DIOXIDE DRIVE

    THERMAL PROCESSES

    CONCLUSION

    Chapter 29: TERTIARY RECOVERY OF CRUDE OIL

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    THE LIMITS ON DISCOVERING NEW CRUDE OIL RESOURCES

    WATER FLOODING AND RECOVERY EFFICIENCY

    TARGETS FOR TERTIARY RECOVERY

    THE MECHANICS OF APPLYING TERTIARY RECOVERY TO CATEGORY 1 RESERVOIRS

    THE MECHANICS OF APPLYING TERTIARY RECOVERY TO CATEGORY 2 RESERVOIRS

    THE MECHANICS OF APPLYING TERTIARY RECOVERY TO CATEGORY 3 RESERVOIRS

    CONCLUSIONS

    Chapter 30: POTENTIAL AND ECONOMICS OF ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY

    Publisher Summary

    Summary of the Current Status of the Technology

    STUDY METHODOLOGY

    OIL RECOVERY AND ECONOMIC MODELS

    Assumptions Common to All the Models

    Assumptions That Vary by Each Technique

    ESTIMATING RECOVERY FOR STEAM DRIVE

    PRELIMINARY FINDINGS

    DETAILED FINDINGS

    CONSTRAINTS

    ACCOUNTING FOR THE RISKY AND UNPROVEN NATURE OF THE TECHNOLOGY

    ACCOUNTING FOR OTHER ECONOMIC COSTS

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 31: TERTIARY RECOVERY OF CRUDE OIL

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    TERMINOLOGY

    CHARACTERISTICS

    PROCESSES

    FIELD EXPERIENCE

    ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY

    CONCLUSIONS

    APPENDIX A# CLASSIFICATION OF FLUID INJECTION PROCESSES FOR OIL RECOVERY

    APPENDIX B

    APPENDIX C ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY

    Chapter 32: A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO THE ASSESSMENT OF A NATION’S OIL SUPPLY ADDITIONS THROUGH ENHANCED RECOVERY METHODS

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    PHASE 1 – PROSPECT SCREENING

    PHASE 2 – PRE-PILOT EVALUATION

    PHASE 3 – FIELD PILOT TEST

    COMMERCIAL VENTURE DECISION

    RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS

    ACKNOWLEDGMENT

    Chapter 33: A REVIEW OF THERMAL RECOVERY APPLICATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES

    ABSTRACT

    INTRODUCTION

    IN SITU COMBUSTION

    CONTINUOUS STEAM INJECTION

    CYCLIC STEAM INJECTION

    CONCLUDING REMARKS

    Chapter 34: IN SITU COMBUSTION METHOD FOR OIL RECOVERY STATE OF THE ART AND POTENTIAL

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    THE BASIC PROCESSES

    PROCESS LIMITATIONS AND CAPABILITIES

    FUTURE POTENTIAL

    CONCLUDING REMARKS

    NOTICE

    Chapter 35: LOGISTIC RESTRAINTS FOR THE FUTURE PRODUCTION OF PETROLEUM BY TERTIARY RECOVERY

    Publisher Summary

    SURFACTANT METHODS

    CARBON DIOXIDE FLOODING

    THERMAL DRIVE

    MOBILITY CONTROL AGENTS AND OTHER CHEMICALS

    EQUIPMENT SUPPLY AND PLANT CONSTRUCTION

    MANPOWER

    THE IMPACT OF CRUDE OIL PRICES

    CONCLUSIONS

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    SECTION V: GAS IN TIGHT FORMATIONS

    Chapter 36: THE RESOURCE POTENTIAL OF GAS IN TIGHT FORMATIONS

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    DEFINITIONS

    RESOURCES

    NUCLEAR FRACTURING

    CHEMICAL EXPLOSIVE FRACTURING

    MASSIVE HYDRAULIC FRACTURING (MHF)

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 37: GAS IN TIGHT FORMATIONS

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    HISTORICAL SUMMARY

    ECONOMICS OF PRODUCTION FOR VARIOUS PERMEABILITIES

    ECONOMICS OF PRODUCTION FOR VARIOUS SIZES OF STIMULATION TREATMENT

    CONCLUDING REMARKS

    Chapter 38: DEVONIAN SHALE PRODUCTION EASTERN KENTUCKY FIELD

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    GEOLOGIC SETTING

    LITHOLOGY

    MODE OF GAS OCCURRENCE

    DEVELOPMENT--EASTERN KENTUCKY FIELD

    STIMULATION PRACTICE

    DELIVERY PERFORMANCE HYDRAULIC FRACTURED SHALE WELLS

    COMPLETION COSTS

    CONCLUSIONS

    Chapter 39: CURRENT STATUS OF PROJECTS GASBUGGY, RULISON, AND RIO BLANCO AND AN APPRAISAL OF NUCLEAR-EXPLOSIVE FRACTURING POTENTIAL FOR THE NEAR FUTURE

    Chapter 40: ADVANCED STIMULATION SYSTEMS APPLIED TO MASSIVE HYDRAULIC FRACTURING--TECHNIQUES AND RESULTS

    Publisher Summary

    SECTION VI: TAR SAND, HEAVY OIL, AND OIL SHALE DEPOSITS

    Chapter 41: DEVELOPMENT STATUS OF ALBERTA OIL SANDS--1976

    PART A WORLD-WIDE OIL SAND RESERVES

    PART B THE ALBERTA SEARCH FOR NEW TECHNOLOGY

    PART C AN OVERVIEW OF CANADA’S FIRST COMMERCIAL SURFACE MINING EXTRACTION PLANT

    PART D OIL SANDS DEVELOPMENT RISKS, ECONOMICS, AND OUTLOOK

    Chapter 42: ACTIVITY ON THE PRODUCTION OF ENERGY FROM TAR SANDS OF THE UNITED STATES

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    DEFINITION OF TAR SAND

    U.S. TAR SAND RESOURCE

    EARLY TAR SAND PRODUCTION EFFORTS

    IN SITU RECOVERY OF OIL FROM TAR SANDS

    ERDA TAR SAND RESEARCH

    Tar Sand Characteristics

    OTHER CURRENT U.S. TAR SAND OIL PRODUCTION EFFORTS

    SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

    NOTICE

    Chapter 43: HEAVY CRUDES OF VENEZUELA: AN ALTERNATIVE FOR THE FUTURE

    Publisher Summary

    SUMMARY

    INTRODUCTION

    EXPLORATION AND EVALUATION METHODOLOGY

    PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES

    UPGRADING OF HEAVY CRUDE OILS

    Volatile Components

    Vacuum Oils

    Resins

    Asphaltenes

    INTEGRATION OF HEAVY CRUDE PRODUCTION AND UPGRADING SYSTEM

    THE CHALLENGE

    PLAN FOR THE UTILIZATION OF VENEZUELAN HEAVY CRUDES

    Chapter 44: ENHANCED RECOVERY OF HEAVY OIL IN CALIFORNIA

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    THE HEAVY OIL RESOURCE

    METHODS OF ENHANCED RECOVERY

    STATE OF THE ART

    CONCLUDING STATEMENT

    NOTICE

    Chapter 45: STIMULATING RECOVERY FROM HEAVY OIL RESOURCES--MID-CONTINENT AREA

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY OIL

    ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION (ERDA) RESEARCH

    HEAVY-OIL RECOVERY TEST SITE

    FORMATION PROPERTIES

    CORE-SOLVENT EXPERIMENTS

    PRODUCTION

    SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

    NOTICE

    Chapter 46: MULTIPURPOSE UTILIZATION OF OIL SHALE

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    PROCESSING OIL SHALE

    SHALE OIL

    CONCLUSIONS

    NOTICE

    Chapter 47: GLOBAL OIL-SHALE RESOURCES AND COSTS

    OIL-SHALE RESOURCES

    Chapter 48: RESEARCH IN BITUMINOUS SHALE IN FRANCE

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    GEOLOGICAL COVERAGE OF BITUMINOUS ROCKS IN FRANCE (INCLUDING TOARCIAN SHALE)

    THE PROGRAMME

    USE OF SHALES AS USEFUL SUBSTANCES

    CONCLUSIONS

    SECTION VII: GAS IN GEOPRESSURED RESERVOIRS

    Chapter 49: THE SUPPLY OF NATURAL GAS FROM GEOPRESSURED ZONES: ENGINEERING AND COSTS

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    GEOLOGICAL BACKGROUND

    EXTENT OF THE RESOURCE

    NATURAL GAS RECOVERY AND ECONOMICS

    TIMETABLE FOR DEVELOPMENT

    Chapter 50: GAS IN GEOPRESSURED ZONES

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    GEOPRESSURED ZONES

    HYDROCARBON REGIME

    RESOURCE IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT

    WORLDWIDE OCCURRENCE

    CONCLUSIONS

    SECTION VIII: OTHER UNCONVENTIONAL DEPOSITS

    Chapter 51: GEOCHEMICAL INTERRELATIONSHIPS AMONG FOSSIL FUELS, MARSH, AND LANDFILL GAS

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 52: THE ROLE OF CONTINENTAL GLACIATION AND HYDRATE FORMATION ON PETROLEUM OCCURRENCE

    Publisher Summary

    Chapter 53: METHANE HYDRATE IN THE SEA FLOOR--A SIGNIFICANT RESOURCE?

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    GAS HYDRATE IN RECOVERED SUBMARINE CORES

    INDICATIONS OF HYDRATE FROM SEISMIC SURVEYING AND DEEP SEA DRILLING

    NECESSARY CONDITIONS FOR THE ACCUMULATION OF HYDRATE

    CONCLUSIONS

    Chapter 54: METHANE GAS RECOVERY FROM LANDFILLS--A WORLDWIDE PERSPECTIVE

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    THE ECONOMICS OF NATURAL GAS IN THE UNITED STATES

    MARKETABILITY OF LANDFILL GAS

    THE MOUNTAIN VIEW, CALIFORNIA, PROJECT

    GAS QUALITY AND PUMPING CONDITIONS

    TREATMENT PROCESSES

    ECONOMICS OF GAS CLEANING

    GLOBAL POTENTIAL

    SUMMARY

    Chapter 55: APPRAISAL OF MARSH GAS AS A POTENTIAL DOMESTIC NATURAL GAS RESOURCE IN THE UNITED STATES

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    CONCLUSIONS

    MECHANISM OF GAS GENERATION

    GAS PRODUCTION RATE DATA

    SECTION IX: TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

    Chapter 56: TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER: IMPACTS AND IMPLICATIONS OF PROSPECTS OF FUTURE AVAILABILITY OF OIL

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    CONTENT OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

    EVOLUTION OF THE CONCEPT OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

    PETROLEUM AND GAS TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER

    IMPACTS AND IMPLICATIONS OF THE FUTURE AVAILABILITY OF OIL

    CONCLUSIONS

    Chapter 57: TRANSFER AND DISSEMINATION OF OIL AND GAS TECHNOLOGY

    Publisher Summary

    INTRODUCTION

    AREAS OR SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

    INDUSTRIAL SECTOR OR PROJECT DEVELOPMENT

    INSTRUMENTS OF TRANSFER

    CHANNELS FOR TRANSFER

    IMPLEMENTATION OF TRANSFER

    PROPRIETARY DATA

    CONCLUSION

    APPENDIX: ESTIMATES OF UNDISCOVERED PETROLEUM RESOURCES–A PERSPECTIVE

    AUTHOR INDEX

    SUBJECT INDEX

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1086
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1977
  • Published: January 1, 1977
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483181974

About the Editor

R. F. Meyer

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