Scale, or deposits, can build up in the wellbore tubulars and other downhole components, causing considerable damage to the life of the well. Infrastructure provides the support for the wells system and with oil and gas consumption on the rise and transportation required to feed that demand, all petroleum and pipeline engineers must have accurate corrosion and scaling information.
The Fundamentals of Corrosion and Scaling for Petroleum and Environmental Engineers will provide the quick knowledge that engineers need to not only enhance the reliability of corrosion and scale control technologies but also manage scale deposits, prevent fatigue and ensure equipment integrity.
Acknowledgments Preface Foreword 1 Introduction to Corrosion 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Definition of Corrosion 1.3 Introduction to Electrochemistry 1.4 Corrosion Agents in Drilling and Producing Operations 1.5 Requirements for Electrochemical Corrosion 1.5.1 Components of Electrochemical Corrosion 1.6 Chemistry of Corrosion and Electromotive Force Series 1.6.1 Actual Electrode Potentials 1.7 Galvanic Series 1.7.1 Cathode/Anode Areal Ratio 1.7.2 Polarization 1.8 Corrosion of Steel 1.9 Gaseous Corrodants 1.9.1 Oxygen 1.9.2 Hydrogen Sulfide 1.9.3 Carbon Dioxide 1.9.4 Alkalinity of Environment 1.10 Cathodic Protection 1.11 Role of Bacteria in Corrosion 1.12 Corrosion in Gas-Condensate Wells 1.13 Corrosion Rate Measurement Units 2 Types of Corrosion 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Sweet Corrosion 2.3 Sour Corrosion 2.4 Classes of Corrosion 2.4.1 Stress-Induced Corrosion 2.5 Types of Cracking in Drilling and Producing Environments 2.5.1 Hydrogen Embrittlement (Sulfide Cracking) 2.5.2 Hydrogen Blistering 2.5.3 Corrosion Fatigue 3 Microbial Corrosion 3.1 Introduction 3.1.1 Microbial Growth and Metabolism 3.2 Microbes Associated with Oil field Corrosion 3.3 Microbial Interaction with Produced Oil 3.4 Microorganisms in Corrosion 3.4.1 Prokaryotes 3.4.2 Eukaryotes 3.5 Different Mechanisms of Microbial Corrosion 3.6 Corrosion Inhibition by Bacteria 3.7 Microbial Corrosion Control 4 Corrosion Control and Detection 4.1 Introduction to Corrosion Control 4.2 Cathodic Protection 4.3 Conditions for the Steady State or Limiting Corrosion Rate 4.3.1 Dangerous Inhibitors 4.4 Inhibitors and Passivators 4.4.1 Classification of Inhibitors
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- © Gulf Publishing Company 2009
- 1st September 2008
- Gulf Publishing Company
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Professor of Petroleum Engineering University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif (U.S.A.)