The Formation of Wood in Forest Trees - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483229317, 9781483261683

The Formation of Wood in Forest Trees

1st Edition

The Second Symposium Held under the Auspices of the Maria Moors Cabot Foundation for Botanical Research, Harvard Forest, April, 1963

Editors: Martin H. Zimmermann
eBook ISBN: 9781483261683
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1964
Page Count: 578
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Description

The Formation of Wood in Forest Trees covers the proceedings of the second symposium held under the auspices of the Maria Moors Cabot Foundation for Botanical Research, conducted in Harvard Forest in Petersham, Massachusetts on April 15-19, 1963. The book focuses on the aspects of tree growth, such as the chemistry and submicroscopic morphology of wood and the effects of the environment on growth.
The selection first offers information on the evolution of cambium in geologic time; a model for cell production by the cambium of conifers; and structure and development of the bark in dicotyledons. The text then ponders on the aspects of ultrastructure of phloem, stem structure in arborescent monocotyledons, and structure and formation of the cell wall in xylem.
The publication takes a look at the general chemistry of cell walls and distribution of the chemical constituents across the walls and ultraviolet and fluorescence optics of lignified cell walls. The text also examines the role of endogenous hormones in cambial activity and xylem differentiation; indirect effects of environment on wood formation; and influence of external pressure on the differentiation of cells and tissues cultured in vitro.
The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the formation of wood in forest trees.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors Preface Introduction Part I. The Cambium and Its Derivatives Evolution of Cambium in Geologic Time A Model for Cell Production by the Cambium of Conifers Structure and Development of the Bark in Dicotyledons Aspects of Ultrastructure of Phloem Stem Structure in Arborescent Monocotyledons The Structure and Formation of the Cell Wall in Xylem Part II. Biochemistry of Cambial Derivatives General Chemistry of Cell Walls and Distribution of the Chemical Constituents across the Walls Ultraviolet and Fluorescence Optics of Lignified Cell Walls Structural and Mechanical aspects of Plant Cell Walls with Particular Reference to Synthesis and Growth The Biosynthesis of Cellulose The Formation of Lignin in the Tissue and In Vitro Cinnamic Acid Derivatives as Intermediates in the Biosynthesis of Lignin and Related Compounds Part III. The Translocation of Photosynthetic Products to the Cambium The Production and Translocation of Photosynthate-C14 in Conifers The Role of Transcellular Streaming in Phloem Transport Effects of Water Stress on the Translocation of Photosynthetically assimilated Carbon-14 in Yellow Poplar The Relation of Transport to Growth in Dicotyledonous Trees Storage, Mobilization and Distribution of Reserve Material in Trees Part IV. Internal and External Control of Wood Formation The Role of Endogenous Hormones in Cambial Activity and Xylem Differentiation Some Indirect Effects of Environment on Wood Formation The External Environment and Tracheid Size in Conifers The Influence of External Pressure on the Differentiation of Cells and Tissues Cultured In Vitro The Reaction Anatomy of Arborescent Angiosperms Cytology of Aging Ray Cells Xylem in Roots of Pinus Resinosa Ait. In Relation to Heterorhizy and Growth Activity Tree Growth Periodicity in Tropical Climates Recording Photosynth

Details

No. of pages:
578
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1964
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483261683

About the Editor

Martin H. Zimmermann

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