The Farm Labor Problem: A Global Perspective explores the unique character of agricultural labor markets and the implications for food production, farm worker welfare and advocacy, and immigration policy. Agricultural labor markets differ from other labor markets in fundamental ways related to seasonality and uncertainty, and they evolve differently than other labor markets as economies develop. We weave economic analysis with the history of agricultural labor markets using data and real-world events. The farm labor history of California and the United States is particularly rich, so it plays a central role in the book, but the book has a global perspective ensuring its relevance to Europe and high-income Asian countries.
The chapters in this book provide readers with the basics for understanding how farm labor markets work (labor in agricultural household models, farm labor supply and demand, spatial market equilibria); farm labor and immigration policy; farm labor organizing; farm employment and rural poverty; unionization and the United Farm Workers movement; the Fair Food Program as a new approach to collective bargaining; the declining immigrant farm labor supply; and what economic development in relatively low-income countries portends for the future of agriculture in the United States and other high-income countries. The book concludes with a chapter called "Robots in the Fields," which extrapolates current trends to a perhaps not-so-distant future.
The Farm Labor Problem serves as both a guide to policy makers, farmworker advocates and international development organizations and as a textbook for students of agricultural economics and economics.
- Describes the unique character of agricultural labor markets providing consequential insights
- Contextualizes the economics of agricultural labor with a global perspective
- Examines the history of farm labor, immigration, policy and collective bargaining with a view to the future
Policy-makers, farmworker advocates, and international development organizations, and as a textbook for students of economics and agricultural economics
- The Farm Labor Problem
2. Agricultural Labor Demand
3. Agricultural Labor Supply: Who Does Farm Work and Who Doesn't?
4. Equilibrium and Immigration in the Farm Labor Market
5. Labor in an Agricultural Household Model
6. Farm Labor and Immigration Policy
7. Farm Labor Organizing from Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers to Fair Foods
8. The End of Farm Labor Abundance
9. Robots in the Fields
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 2019
- 5th December 2018
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
- Paperback ISBN:
J. Edward Taylor is a professor of Agricultural and Resource Economics at the University of California, Davis. He is a Fellow of both the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association (AAEA) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Ed co-authored the award-winning book Beyond Experiments in Development Economics: Local Economy-wide Impact Evaluation (Oxford University Press, 2014), Essentials of Development Economics (University of California Press, 2015), Essentials of Applied Econometrics (University of California Press, 2016) and Worlds in Motion: Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium (Oxford University Press, 2005). He is listed in Who’s Who in Economics as one of the world’s most cited economists. Ed has advised numerous foreign governments and international development agencies on matters related to economic development, and he has been an editor of the American Journal of Agricultural Economics.
Professor of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, Davis, USA
Diane Charlton is an assistant professor in the Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics at Montana State University. She completed her Ph.D. at University of California, Davis in 2016. Her dissertation focused on the causes and consequences of the agricultural transition, analyzing household panel data from rural Mexico. She has co-authored two award-winning papers on the declining farm labor supply from rural Mexico. She continues to research labor economics, agricultural markets, the economics of labor migration, and the economics of education.
Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics, Montana State University, USA