The Exergy Method of Thermal Plant Analysis - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780408013505, 9781483100364

The Exergy Method of Thermal Plant Analysis

1st Edition

Authors: T. J. Kotas
eBook ISBN: 9781483100364
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 9th December 1985
Page Count: 320
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Description

The Exergy Method of Thermal Plant Analysis aims to discuss the history, related concepts, applications, and development of the Exergy Method - analysis technique that uses the Second Law of Thermodynamics as the basis of evaluation of thermodynamic loss.
The book, after an introduction to thermodynamics and its related concepts, covers concepts related to exergy, such as physical and chemical exergy, exergy concepts for a control method and a closed-system analysis, the exergy analysis of simple processes, and the thermocentric applications of exergy. A seven-part appendix is also included. Appendices A-D covers miscellaneous information on exergy, and Appendix E features charts of thermodynamic properties. Appendix F is a glossary of terms, and Appendix G contains the list of references. The text is recommended for physicists who would like to know more about the Exergy Method, its underlying principles, and its applications not only in thermal plant analysis but also in certain areas.

Table of Contents


Contents

Foreword

Preface

Notation

Introduction

Chapter 1 Review of The Fundamentals

1.1 Basic Concepts

1.2 Zeroth Law

1.3 First Law

1.4 Equations of Mass Balance and Exergy Balance for A Control Region

1.5 Second Law

1.6 Maximum Efficiency of A Heat Engine

1.7 Reversibility and Irreversibihty

1.8 Three Examples of Irreversible Processes

1.9 Entropy Production of A System

1.10 Entropy Production Rate in A Control Region

1.11 Maximum Work Obtainable From A System in Combination With A Thermal Energy Reservoir

1.12 Maximum Work of A Chemical Reaction

1.13 Chemical Potential

Chapter 2 Basic Exergy Concepts

2.1 Classification of Forms of Energy

2.2 The Concept of Exergy

2.3 Exergy Concepts For A Control Region

2.4 Physical Exergy

2.5 Chemical Exergy

2.6 Exergy Concepts For Closed System Analysis

2.7 Non-Flow Exergy

Chapter 3 Elements of Plant Analysis

3.1 Control Mass Analysis

3.2 Control Region Analysis

3.3 Avoidable and Intrinsic Irreversibility

3.4 Criteria of Performance

3.5 Pictorial Representation of the Exergy Balance

3.6 Exergy-Based Property Diagrams

3.7 Thermodynamic Feasibility of New Thermal Plants

Chapter 4 Exergy Analysis of Simple Processes

4.1 Expansion Processes

4.2 Compression Processes

4.3 Heat Transfer Processes

4.4 Mixing and Separation Processes

4.5 Chemical Processes Including Combustion

4.6 Combustion Processes

Chapter 5 Examples of Thermal and Chemical Plant Analysis

5.1 Linde Air Liquefaction Plant

5.2 Sulphuric Acid Plant

5.3 Gas Turbine Plant

5.4 Refrigeration Plant

Chapter 6 Thermoeconomic Applications of Exergy

6.1 Structural Coefficients

6.2 Thermodynamic Non-Equivalence of Exergy and Exergy Losses

6.3 Structural Coefficients For A CHP Plant — An Illustrative Example

6.4 Optimization of Component Geometry

6.5 Thermoeconomic Optimization of Thermal Systems

6.6 Thermoeconomic Optimization of A Heat Exchanger in A CHP Plant — An Illustrative Example

6.7 Exergy Costing in Multi-Product Plant

6.8 Other Thermoeconomic Applications of Exergy

Appendix A

Chemical Exergy and Enthalpy of Devaluation

Appendix Β

Derivation of The Exergy Balance For A Control Region

Appendix C

Chemical Exergy of Industrial Fuels

Appendix D

Mean Heat Capacity and Exergy Capacity of Ideal Gases

Appendix Ε

Charts of Thermodynamic Properties

Appendix F

Glossary of Terms

Appendix G

References

Index


Details

No. of pages:
320
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1985
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483100364

About the Author

T. J. Kotas

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