The Evolution of Pancreatic Islets

The Evolution of Pancreatic Islets

Proceedings of a Symposium Held at Leningrad, September 1975, under the Auspices of the Academy of Sciences, Leningrad

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Editors: T. Adesanya I. Grillo, L. Leibson, A. Epple
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483280721

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Description

The Evolution of Pancreatic Islets covers the proceedings of the 1975 symposium on The Evolution of Pancreatic Islets, held at Leningrad under the auspices of the Academy of Sciences in Leningrad, U.S.S.R. This symposium brings together numerous studies on the structure, chemistry, and function of the pancreatic islets of animals ranging from the mollusc to man. This book is composed of three parts encompassing twenty seven chapters. The first part deals with the problems related to the production of insulin from its precursor pro-insulin and the ontogeny of the pancreatic islets from the embryonic endoderm. The second part discusses the phylogenetic aspects of the structure of pancreatic islets. This part also looks into the evolutionary morphology and classification of pancreatic acinar-islet cells. The third part describes the biological and chemical aspects of pancreatic hormones of vertebrates.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    List of Participants

    Introductory Remarks

    Part I The Ontogenetic Aspects of the Structural and Functional Evolution of Pancreatic Islets

    The Ontogeny of Maninalian Insular Function

    The Enbryonic Development of Pancreatic Islets in Offspring of Alloxan Diabetic Rats

    New Data Concermng Early Post-Natal Development of Human Pancreatic Islets

    The Development of the Function of Endocrine Pancreas in the Human Foetus

    Immunological Study of Endocrine Pancreas Qntogeny in the Chick Embryo: Normal Development and Pancreatic Potentialities in the Early Splanchnopleure

    Biosynthesis of Proinsulin and Insulin by the Chick Embryo Pancreas from Labelled Amino Acid

    The Secretion and the Role of Insulin in Chick Embryos and Chickens

    Part II Phylogenetic Aspects of the Structure of Pancreatic Islets

    New Perspectives in Comparative Islet Research

    Some Principles of Cytodifferentiation of Pancreatic Islets in Vertebrata During Onto- and Phylogeny from the Standpoint of Molecular Biology and Genetics

    Evolutionary Morphology and Classification of Pancreatic Acinar-Islet Cells

    Intrinsic Innervation, Monoamines and Acetylcholinesterase Activity in the Pancreatic Islets of sone Poikilothermie Vertebrates and Birds

    The Ultrastructure and Innervation of Pancreatic Islets of the Holocephalian Ratfish, Hydrolagus colliei

    Production of Islet Horrones in Invertebrates, Cyclostomes and Primitive Gnathostomes

    Insulin-like Activity of the Extract of the Digestive Gland and the Pylorus of the Giant African Snail, Adhatina fulica, - A Preliminary Report

    The Localization of Immunoreactivity to Insulin, Glucagon and Gastrin in the Gut of Amphioxus (Branchiostoma) lanceolatus

    Pancreatic Islets of Some Myxinoid Cyclostomes

    The Endocrine Pancreas of Some West African Reptiles - Electron Microscopy, Histochemistry and Hormone Content

    The Secretion of Insulin and its Role in Cyclostomes and Fishes

    Studies of the Role of Insulin in Teleost Metabolism

    Regulation of Blood Glucose in the River Lamprey: The Possible Physiological Role of Insulin and Hyperglycemic Hormones

    The Role of Glucagon in Birds and Mammals

    Part III Biological and Chemical Peculiarities of Pancreatic Hormones of Vertebrates

    Some Biochemical Aspects of Hormone Evolution

    Evolution of Insulin-Releasing Mechanisms

    Three Avian Pancreatic Hormones

    Isolation, Purification and Crystallization of Avian and Pish Insulins

    The Comparative Study of Mechanism of Insulin Action on Muscle Carbohydrate Metabolism

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 390
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483280721

About the Editors

T. Adesanya I. Grillo

L. Leibson

A. Epple

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