The Emergence of Symbols

The Emergence of Symbols

Cognition and Communication in Infancy

1st Edition - June 28, 1979

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  • Author: Elizabeth Bates
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483267302

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The Emergence of Symbols: Cognition and Communication in Infancy provides information pertinent to the nature and origin of symbols, the interdependence of language and thought, and the parallels between phylogeny and ontogeny. This book clarifies some of the conceptual and methodological issues involved in the search for prerequisites to language. Organized into seven chapters, this book begins with an overview of the distinction between homology and analogy in the study of linguistic and nonlinguistic developments. This text then explains the conceptual and operational definitions for such controversial terms as intention, convention, and symbolic behavior. Other chapters consider the limits and advantages of the correlational method as applied in the research. This book discusses as well the structure and content of early symbol use, both in language and in play. The final chapter examines the processes that underlie imitation and tool use, as they contribute to the child's analysis of his culture. This book is a valuable resource for neural biologists, psychologists, and social scientists.

Table of Contents

  • Preface


    Chapter 1 On the Evolution and Development of Symbols

    On the Nature of Prerequisites

    On the Nature of Explanation in the Search for Prerequisites

    On Evolutionary Theory and the Biology of Symbols

    Phylogenetic Routes: New Systems from Old Parts

    Ontogenetic Routes: Genetic Determination Versus

    Task Determination

    Heterochrony: How Parallels Between Ontogeny and Phylogeny Come About

    Chapter 2 Intentions, Conventions, and Symbols

    Two Moments in the Dawn of Language

    Toward a Model of Symbolic Activity

    Chapter 3 Cognition and Communication from Nine to Thirteen Months: Correlational Findings


    Results and Discussion


    Appendix 3.1 Maternal Interview

    Appendix 3.2 Home Observation Checklist

    Appendix 3.3 General Scoring Criteria

    Appendix 3.4 Locomotor Scale

    Chapter 4 First Words in Language and Action: A Qualitative Look

    Previous Research on First Words:

    Some Basic Dichotomies

    Progress within Domains

    Relationships among the Five Domains


    Appendix 4.1 The Corpus of All Instances of Language

    Imitation, Language Comprehension, Language Production,

    Gestural Imitation, and Symbolic Play as Derived From the Maternal Interviews and From Direct Observations During Four Home Visits

    Chapter 5 Relationships Between Cognition Communication, and Quality of Attachment


    Sensorimotor Development

    Relationships Between Communication and Strange

    Situation Measures

    The Overall Pattern of Relationships Between Attachment, Cognition, and Communication

    Discussion and Conclusions

    Chapter 6 Next Steps: A Follow-Up Study and some Pilot Research

    Six-Month Follow-Up

    Casual Understanding at Nine to Ten Months

    Language, Context, and Social Interaction

    Appendix 6.1

    Appendix 6.2

    Chapter 7 The Biology of Symbols: Some Concluding Thoughts

    Tool Use


    The Iconicity-Arbitrariness Continuum in Symbol Development

    Symbol Development

    Heterochrony and the Biology of Symbols



Product details

  • No. of pages: 404
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: June 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483267302

About the Author

Elizabeth Bates

About the Editor

E. A. Hammel

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