The Electrical Engineering Handbook

The Electrical Engineering Handbook

1st Edition - October 27, 2004

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  • Author: Wai Chen
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080477480

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Description

The Electrical Engineer's Handbook is an invaluable reference source for all practicing electrical engineers and students. Encompassing 79 chapters, this book is intended to enlighten and refresh knowledge of the practicing engineer or to help educate engineering students. This text will most likely be the engineer’s first choice in looking for a solution; extensive, complete references to other sources are provided throughout. No other book has the breadth and depth of coverage available here. This is a must-have for all practitioners and students! The Electrical Engineer's Handbook provides the most up-to-date information in: Circuits and Networks, Electric Power Systems, Electronics, Computer-Aided Design and Optimization, VLSI Systems, Signal Processing, Digital Systems and Computer Engineering, Digital Communication and Communication Networks, Electromagnetics and Control and Systems.About the Editor-in-Chief…Wai-Kai Chen is Professor and Head Emeritus of the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Illinois at Chicago. He has extensive experience in education and industry and is very active professionally in the fields of circuits and systems. He was Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, Series I and II, President of the IEEE Circuits and Systems Society and is the Founding Editor and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Circuits, Systems and Computers. He is the recipient of the Golden Jubilee Medal, the Education Award, and the Meritorious Service Award from the IEEE Circuits and Systems Society, and the Third Millennium Medal from the IEEE. Professor Chen is a fellow of the IEEE and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Key Features

* 77 chapters encompass the entire field of electrical engineering.
* THOUSANDS of valuable figures, tables, formulas, and definitions.
* Extensive bibliographic references.

Readership

All practicing electrical and electronics engineers worldwide; all electrical and computer engineering students; all engineering libraries.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors

    Preface

    Editor-in-Chief

    Part I: Circuit Theory

    INTRODUCTION TO CIRCUIT THEORY

    Chapter 1: Linear Circuit Analysis

    1.1 Definitions and Terminology

    1.2 Circuit Laws

    1.3 Circuit Analysis

    1.4 Equivalent Circuits

    1.5 Network Theorems

    1.6 Time Domain Analysis

    1.7 Laplace Transform

    1.8 State Variable Analysis

    1.9 Alternating Current Steady State Analysis

    1.10 Alternating Current Steady State Power

    Chapter 2: Circuit Analysis: A Graph-Theoretic Foundation

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Basic Concepts and Results

    2.3 Graphs and Electrical Networks

    2.4 Loop and Cutset Systems of Equations

    2.5 Summary

    Chapter 3: Computer-Aided Design

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Modified Nodal Analysis

    3.3 Formulation of MNA Equations of Nonlinear Circuits

    3.4 A Direct Current Solution of Nonlinear Circuits

    3.5 Transient Analysis of Nonlinear Circuits

    Chapter 4: Synthesis of Networks

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Elementary Networks

    4.3 Network Functions

    4.4 Frequency Domain Responses

    4.5 Normalization and Scaling

    4.6 Approximations for Low-Pass Filters

    4.7 Transformations of Inductor Capacitor Low-Pass Filters

    4.8 Realizability of Functions

    4.9 Synthesis of LC One-Ports

    4.10 Synthesis of LC Two-Port Networks

    4.11 All-Pass Networks

    4.12 Summary

    Chapter 5: Nonlinear Circuits

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Models of Physical Circuit Elements

    5.3 Voltages and Currents in Nonlinear Circuits

    5.4 Open Problems

    Part II: Electronics

    INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRONICS

    Chapter 1: Investigation of Power Management Issues for Future Generation Microprocessors

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Limitations of Today’s Technologies

    1.3 Advanced VRM Topologies

    1.4 Future VRMs

    1.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 2: Noise in Analog and Digital Systems

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Analog (Small-Signal) Noise

    2.3 Digital (Large-Signal) Noise

    Chapter 3: Field Effect Transistors

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Metal-Oxide-Silicon Capacitor

    3.3 Metal-Oxide-Silicon Field Effect Transistor

    3.4 Junction Field Effect Transistor

    3.5 Metal-Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor

    3.6 Modulation-Doped Field Effect Transistor

    Chapter 4: Active Filters

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Realization Methods

    Chapter 5: Junction Diodes and Bipolar Junction Transistors

    5.1 Junction Diodes

    5.2 Bipolar Junction Transistor

    Chapter 6: Semiconductors

    6.1 History of Semiconductors

    6.2 Dielectrics, Semiconductors, and Metals

    6.3 Electron and Hole Velocities and Mobilities

    6.4 Important Semiconductor Materials

    Chapter 7: Power Semiconductor Devices

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Breakdown Voltage

    7.3 P-i-N Diode

    7.4 Schottky Diode

    7.5 Power Bipolar Transistor

    7.6 Thyristor

    7.7 Gate Turn-Off Thyristor

    7.8 Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor

    7.9 Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor

    7.10 Other MOS-Gate Devices

    7.11 Smart Power Technologies

    7.12 Other Material Technologies

    Part III: VLSI SYSTEMS

    INTRODUCTION TO VLSI SYSTEMS

    Chapter 1: Logarithmic and Residue Number Systems for VLSI Arithmetic

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 LNS Basics

    1.3 The Residue Number System

    Chapter 2: Custom Memory Organization and Data Transfer: Architectural Issues and Exploration Methods

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Custom Memory Components

    2.3 Off-Chip and Global Hierarchical Memory Organization

    2.4 Code Rewriting Techniques to Improve Data Reuse and Access Locality

    2.5 How to Meet Real-Time Bandwidth Constraints

    2.6 Custom Memory Organization Design

    2.7 Data Layout Reorganization for Reduced Memory Size

    Chapter 3: The Role of Hardware Description Languages in the Design Process of Multinature Systems

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Design Process and Levels of Abstraction

    3.3 Fundamentals of VHDL–AMS

    3.4 Systems Modeling: A Multinature Example

    3.5 Conclusion and Further Readings

    Chapter 4: Clock Skew Scheduling for Improved Reliability

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Background

    4.3 Clock Scheduling for Improved Reliability

    4.4 Derivation of the QP Algorithm

    4.5 Practical Considerations

    4.6 Experimental Results

    Chapter 5: Trends in Low-Power VLSI Design

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Importance of Low-Power CMOS Design

    5.3 Sources of Power Consumption in CMOS

    5.4 Power Consumption Considerations

    5.5 Energy Versus Power

    5.6 Optimization Metrics

    5.7 Techniques for Power Reduction

    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 6: Production and Utilization of Micro Electro Mechanical Systems

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Overview of MEMS

    6.3 From Design to Reliable MEMS Devices

    6.4 Diversity of MEMS Applications

    6.5 Summary

    Chapter 7: Noise Analysis and Design in Deep Submicron Technology

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Noise Sources

    7.3 Noise Reduction Techniques

    7.4 Noise Analysis Algorithms

    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 8: Interconnect Noise Analysis and Optimization in Deep Submicron Technology

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Interconnect Noise Models

    8.3 Noise Minimization Techniques

    8.4 Interconnect Noise in Early Design Stages

    8.5 Case Study Pentium 4

    Acknowledgments

    Part IV: Digital Systems and Computer Engineering

    INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL SYSTEMS AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING

    Acknowledgments

    Chapter 1: Computer Architecture

    1.1 Microprogramming

    1.2 Memory Hierarchy in Computer Systems

    1.3 Bus and Interface

    1.4 Input/Output

    Chapter 2: Multiprocessors

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Architecture of Multiprocessor Systems

    2.3 Cache Coherence

    2.4 Software Development and Tools

    2.5 Recent Advances

    2.6 Summary

    Chapter 3: Configurable Computing

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Approach

    3.3 Overview

    3.4 Current and Future Trends

    3.5 Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 4: Operating Systems

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Operating System Concepts

    4.3 Operating Systems History

    4.4 A Model Operating System

    4.5 Case 1: UNIX

    4.6 Case 2: MS-DOS

    Chapter 5: Expert Systems

    5.1 Overview

    5.2 Knowledge Representation

    5.3 Reasoning

    5.4 Knowledge Acquisition

    5.5 Explanation

    Chapter 6: Multimedia Systems: Content-Based Indexing and Retrieval

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Multimedia Storage and Encoding

    6.3 Multimedia Indexing and Retrieval

    6.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 7: Multimedia Networks and Communication

    7.1 Preface

    7.2 Introduction to Multimedia

    7.3 Best-Effort Internet Support for Distributed Multimedia Traffic Requirements

    7.4 Enhancing the TCP/IP Protocol Stack to Support Functional Requirements of Distributed Multimedia Applications

    7.5 Quality of Service Architecture for Third-Generation Cellular Systems

    Chapter 8: Fault Tolerance in Computer Systems—From Circuits to Algorithms

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Fault Detection and Tolerance for Arithmetic Circuits

    8.3 Fault Tolerance in Field-Programmable Gate Arrays

    8.4 Control Flow Checking With a Watchdog Processor

    8.5 Microrollback—A Fault-Tolerance Mechanism for Processor Systems

    8.6 Algorithm-Based Fault Tolerance

    8.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 9: High-Level Petri Nets—Extensions, Analysis, and Applications

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 High-Level Petri Nets

    9.3 Temporal Predicate Transition Nets

    9.4 PZ Nets

    9.4.3 PZ Net Analysis

    9.5 Hierarchical Predicate Transition Nets

    9.6 Fuzzy-Timing High-Level Petri Nets

    Part V: Electromagnetics

    INTRODUCTION TO ELECTROMAGNETICS

    Chapter 1: Magnetostatics

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Direct Current

    1.3 Governing Equations of Magnetostatics

    1.4 Magnetic Force and Torque

    1.5 Magnetic Materials

    1.6 Inductance

    1.7 Stored Energy

    1.8 Magnetic Circuits

    Chapter 2: Electrostatics

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Sources and Fields

    2.3 Boundary Conditions and Laplace’s Equation

    2.4 Capacitance

    Chapter 3: Plane Wave Propagation and Reflection

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Basic Properties of a Plane Wave

    3.3 Propagation of a Homogeneous Plane Wave

    3.4 Plane Wave Reflection and Transmission

    3.5 Example: Reflection of an RHCP Wave

    Chapter 4: Transmission Lines

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Equivalent Circuit

    4.3 Alternating Current Analysis

    4.4 Smith Chart

    4.5 Summary

    Chapter 5: Guided Waves

    5.1 Definition of Guiding Structure or Waveguide

    5.2 Classification and Definitions

    5.3 Rectangular Waveguide

    5.4 Partially Filled Metallic Rectangular Waveguide

    5.5 Circular Metal Waveguide

    5.6 Microstrip Line

    5.7 Slot Line

    5.8 Coplanar Waveguide

    5.9 Dielectric Circular Waveguide and Optical Fiber

    5.10 Line-Type Waveguide

    Chapter 40: Antennas and Radiation

    I Antenna Fundamentals

    Chapter 6: Antenna Elements and Arrays

    6.6 Introduction

    6.7 Antenna Elements

    6.8 Antenna Array

    Chapter 7: Microwave Passive Components

    7.1 General Concepts and Basic Definitions

    7.2 Basic Passive Elements and Circuits

    7.3 Impedance Transformers and Matching Networks

    7.4 Hybrids, Couplers, and Power Dividers/Combiners

    7.5 Resonators and Cavities

    7.6 Filter Circuits

    7.7 Ferrite Components

    7.8 Other Passive Components

    Chapter 8: Computational Electromagnetics: The Method of Moments

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Basic Principle

    8.3 Integral Equations

    8.4 Basis Functions

    8.5 Testing Functions

    8.6 Solution of Matrix Equations

    Chapter 9: Computational Electromagnetics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Maxwell’s Equations

    9.3 The Yee Algorithm

    9.4 Numerical Dispersion

    9.5 Numerical Stability

    9.6 Perfectly Matched Layer Absorbing Boundary Conditions

    9.7 Examples of FDTD Modeling Applications

    9.8 Summary and Conclusions

    Chapter 10: Radar and Inverse Scattering

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Parameters of a Pulsed Radar

    10.3 Radar Equation

    10.4 Radar Cross Section

    10.5 Radar Transmitters

    10.6 Radar Receivers and Displays

    10.7 Radar Antennas

    10.8 Clutter

    10.9 Radar Detection

    10.10 Continuous Wave Radars

    10.11 Moving Target Indicator and Pulse Doppler Radars

    10.12 Tracking Radar

    10.13 High-Resolution Radar

    10.14 High Cross-Range Resolution Radar

    10.15 Inverse Scattering

    Chapter 11: Microwave Active Circuits and Integrated Antennas

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Device Technology and Concepts

    11.3 Active Microwave Circuits

    11.4 Planar Antenna Technology

    11.5 Active Integrated Antennas

    Part VI: Electric Power Systems

    INTRODUCTION TO ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS

    The Importance of the Electric System

    Chapter 1: Three-Phase Alternating Current Systems

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Two-Wire and Three-Wire Systems: Current

    1.3 Voltages

    Chapter 2: Electric Power System Components

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Generators and Transformers

    Chapter 3: Power Transformers

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Transformers: Description and Use

    3.3 Transformers: Theory and Principle

    3.4 Cooling Methods

    3.5 Transformer Applications

    3.6 Cores and Windings

    3.7 Transformer Performance

    3.8 Acceptance Tests

    Chapter 4: Introduction to Electric Machines

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Direct Current Machines

    4.3 Three-Phase Induction Motor

    4.4 Synchronous Machines

    4.5 Single-Phase Induction Machines

    Chapter 5: High-Voltage Transmission

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Design Considerations for Overhead Lines

    5.3 Stresses Encountered in Service

    5.4 Insulator Performance

    5.5 Established Methods Employed for Installations In-Service

    5.6 Newer Developments to Improve Performance of Installations In-Service

    5.7 Methods for Improving Contamination Performance of New Installations

    5.8 Underground Transmission Cables

    Chapter 6: Power Distribution

    6.1 Distribution System

    6.2 Quality of Service and Voltage Standards

    Chapter 7: Power System Analysis

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Steady-State Analysis

    7.3 Dynamic Analysis

    7.4 Conclusion

    Chapter 8: Power System Operation and Control

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Generation Dispatch

    8.3 Frequency Control

    8.4 Conclusion: Contemporary Issues

    Chapter 9: Fundamentals of Power System Protection

    9.1 Fundamentals of Power System Protection

    9.2 Relaying Systems, Principles, and Criteria of Operation

    9.3 Protection of Transmission Lines

    9.4 Protection of Power Transformers

    9.5 Protection of Synchronous Generators

    9.6 Bus Protection

    9.7 Protection of Induction Motors

    Chapter 10: Electric Power Quality

    10.1 Definition

    10.2 Types of Disturbances

    10.3 Measurement of Electric Power Quality

    10.4 Instrumentation Considerations

    10.5 Analysis Techniques

    10.6 Nomenclature

    Part VII: Signal Processing

    INTRODUCTION TO SIGNAL PROCESSING

    Chapter 1: Signals and Systems

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Signals

    1.3 Systems

    1.4 Analysis in Frequency Domain

    1.5 The z-Transform and Laplace Transform

    1.6 Sampling and Quantization

    1.7 Discrete Fourier Transform

    1.8 Summary

    Chapter 2: Digital Filters

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Digital Signal Processing Systems

    2.3 Sampling of Analog Signals

    2.4 Digital Filters and Linear Systems

    2.5 Finite Impulse Response (FIR) Filters

    2.6 Infinite Impulse Response Filters

    2.7 Digital Filter Realizations

    2.8 FIR Filter Approximation Methods

    2.9 FIR Filter Design by Optimization

    2.10 IIR Filter Approximations

    2.11 Quantization in Digital Filters

    2.12 Real-Time Implementation of Digital Filters

    2.13 Conclusion

    Chapter 3: Methods, Models, and Algorithms for Modern Speech Processing

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Modeling Speech Production

    3.3 Fundamental Methods and Algorithms Used in Speech Processing

    3.4 Specialized Speech Processing Methods and Algorithms

    3.5 Summary and Conclusions

    Chapter 4: Digital Image Processing

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Image Sampling

    4.3 Image Quantization

    4.4 Image Enhancement

    4.5 Image Restoration

    4.6 Image Coding

    4.7 Image Analysis

    4.8 Summary

    Chapter 5: Multimedia Systems and Signal Processing

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 MPEG-7 UMA

    5.3 MPEG-21 Digital Item Adaptation

    5.4 Transcoding Optimization

    5.5 Multimedia Content Selection

    5.6 Summary

    Chapter 6: Statistical Signal Processing

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Bayesian Estimation

    6.3 Linear Estimation

    6.4 Fisher Statistics

    6.5 Signal Detection

    6.6 Suggested Readings

    Chapter 7: VLSI Signal Processing

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Algorithm to Hardware Synthesis

    7.3 Hardware Implementation

    7.4 Conclusion

    Part VIII: Digital Communication and Communication Networks

    INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL COMMUNICATION AND COMMUNICATION NETWORKS

    Chapter 1: Signal Types, Properties, and Processes

    1.1 Signal Types

    1.2 Energy and Power of a Signal

    1.3 Random Processes

    1.4 Transmission of a Random Signal Through a Linear Time-Invariant Filter

    1.5 Power Spectral Density

    1.6 Relation Between the psd of Input Versus the psd of Output

    Chapter 2: Digital Communication System Concepts

    2.1 Digital Communication System

    2.2 Messages, Characters, and Symbols

    2.3 Sampling Process

    2.4 Aliasing

    2.5 Quantization

    2.6 Pulse Amplitude Modulation

    2.7 Sources of Corruption

    2.8 Voice Communication

    2.9 Encoding

    Chapter 3: Transmission of Digital Signals

    3.1 Transmission of Digital Data

    3.2 Detection of Binary Signals in Gaussian Noise

    3.3 Error Probability

    3.4 The Matched Filter

    3.5 Error Probability Performance of Binary Signaling

    3.6 Equalizer

    Chapter 4: Modulation and Demodulation Technologies

    4.1 Modulation and Demodulation

    4.2 Introduction to Modulation

    4.3 Phase Shift Keying

    4.4 Quadrature Phase Shift Keying

    4.5 The π/4 Differential Phase Shift Keying

    4.6 Minimum Shift Keying

    4.7 Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying

    4.8 Synchronization

    4.9 Equalization

    4.10 Summary of Modulation and Demodulation Processes

    Chapter 5: Data Communication Concepts

    5.1 Introduction to Data Networking

    Chapter 6: Communication Network Architecture

    6.1 Computer Network Architecture

    6.2 Local Networking Technologies

    6.3 Local Network Internetworking Using Bridges or Routers

    6.4 Conclusion

    Glossary

    Chapter 7: Wireless Network Access Technologies

    7.1 Access Technologies

    7.2 Comparisons of FDMA, TDMA, and CDMA

    Chapter 8: Convergence of Networking Technologies

    8.1 Convergence

    8.2 Optical Networking

    Part IX: Controls and Systems

    INTRODUCTION TO CONTROLS AND SYSTEMS

    Chapter 1: Algebraic Topics in Control

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Vector Spaces Over Fields and Modules Over Rings

    1.3 Matrices and Matrix Algebra

    1.4 Square Matrix Functions: Determinants and Inverses

    1.5 The Algebra of Polynomials

    1.6 Characteristic and Singular Values

    1.7 Nonassociative Algebras

    1.8 Biosystems Applications

    Chapter 2: Stability

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Stability Concepts

    2.3 Stability Criteria

    2.4 Lyapunov Stability Concepts

    2.5 Lyapunov Stability of Linear Time-Invariant Systems

    2.6 Lyapunov Stability Results

    Chapter 3: Robust Multivariable Control

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Modeling

    3.3 Performance Analysis

    3.4 Stability Theorems

    3.5 Robust Stability

    3.6 Linear Quadratic Regulator and Gaussian Control Problems

    3.7 H∞ Control

    3.8 Passivity-Based Control

    3.9 Conclusion

    Chapter 4: State Estimation

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 State-Space Representations

    4.3 Recursive State Estimation

    4.4 State Estimator Design Approaches

    4.5 Performance Analysis

    4.6 Implementation Issues

    4.7 Example: Inertial Navigation System Error Estimation

    4.8 Further Reading

    Chapter 5: Cost-Cumulants and Risk-Sensitive Control

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Linear-Quadratic-Gaussian Control

    5.3 Cost-Cumulant Control

    5.4 Risk-Sensitive Control

    5.5 Relationship Between Risk-Sensitive and Cost-Cumulant Control

    5.6 Applications

    5.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 6: Frequency Domain System Identification

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Frequency Domain Curve-Fitting

    6.3 State-Space System Realization

    6.4 Application Studies

    6.5 Conclusion

    Chapter 7: Modeling Interconnected Systems: A Functional Perspective

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 The Component Connection Model

    7.3 System Identification

    7.4 Simulation

    7.5 Fault Analysis

    7.6 Concluding Remarks

    Chapter 8: Fault-Tolerant Control

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Overview of Fault Diagnosis and Accommodation

    8.3 Problem Statement

    8.4 Online Fault Accommodation Control

    8.5 Architecture of Multiple Model-Based Fault Diagnosis and Accommodation

    8.6 Simulation Study and Discussions

    8.7 Conclusion

    Chapter 9: Gain-Scheduled Controllers

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Gain-Scheduling Design Through Linearization

    9.3 Gain Scheduling for Linear Parameter Varying Systems

    9.4 Conclusions

    Chapter 10: Sliding-Mode Control Methodologies for Regulating Idle Speed in Internal Combustion Engines

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 SMC for Systems with Delay

    10.3 Discrete Adaptive Sliding-Mode Control

    10.4 Application: IC Engine Idle Speed Control

    10.5 Application of SMC for Point-Delayed Systems

    10.6 Application of Adaptive DSMC

    10.7 Summary

    Chapter 11: Nonlinear Input/Output Control: Volterra Synthesis

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Problem Definition Using Total Synthesis

    11.3 Plant Representation

    11.4 Controller Design

    11.5 Simplified Partial Linearization Controller Design

    11.6 SDOF Base-Isolated Structure Example

    11.7 Conclusion

    Chapter 12: Intelligent Control of Nonlinear Systems with a Time-Varying Structure

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Direct Adaptive Control

    12.3 Application: Direct Adaptive Wing Rock Regulation with Varying Angle of Attack

    12.4 Conclusion

    Chapter 13: Direct Learning by Reinforcement

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 A General Framework for Direct Learning Through Association and Reinforcement

    13.3 Analytical Characteristics of an Online NDP Learning Process

    13.4 Example 1

    13.5 Example 2

    13.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 14: Software Technologies for Complex Control Systems

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Objects and Components: Software Technologies

    14.3 Layered Architectures

    14.4 Networked Communications

    14.5 Middleware

    14.6 Real-Time Applications

    14.7 Software Tools for Control Applications

    Acknowledgments

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1018
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2004
  • Published: October 27, 2004
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080477480

About the Author

Wai Chen

Affiliations and Expertise

Editor-in Chief University of Illinois at Chicago

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  • Wani Wed Mar 25 2020

    Sequencial progression of topics as complete handbook

    As a complete handbook content should begin with basic terms, keywords, equations, circuits; inorder wrt subjects math_phy_mech_elect_etrx_comp_etrxc_advnc applications & systems with examples