The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers

3rd Edition - June 21, 2013

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  • Author: Laurence McKeen
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781455728510
  • eBook ISBN: 9781455730056

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Description

This reference guide brings together a wide range of essential data on the effects of weather and UV light exposure on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. In both normal and extreme environments, outdoor use has a variety of effects on different plastics and elastomers, including discoloring and brittleness. The data is supported by explanations of real-world engineering applications. The data tables in this book are supported by examples of real-world applications, enabling engineers and scientists to select the right materials for a given situation, across a wide range of sectors including construction, packaging, signage, consumer (e.g. toys, outdoor furniture), automotive and aerospace, defense, etc.  The third edition includes new text chapters that provide the fundamental knowledge required to make best use of the data. Author Larry McKeen has also added detailed  descriptions of the effect of weathering on the most common polymer classes such  as polyolefins, polyamides, polyesters, elastomers, fluoropolymers, biodegradable  plastics, etc., making this book an invaluable design guide as well as an industry standard  data source.

Key Features

  • Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with plastics in outdoor applications and products
  • New introductory chapters on weathering processes and the effect of light and heat on plastics
  • 25% new data

Readership

Plastics engineers, product designers and materials scientists. Sectors: construction; consumer goods; toys; automotive and aerospace, agriculture; defense

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction to Plastics and Polymers Compositions

    1.1 Introduction to Plastics and Polymers

    1.2 Copolymers

    1.3 Linear, Branched and Cross-Linked Polymers

    1.4 Polarity

    1.5 Unsaturation

    1.6 Steric Hindrance

    1.7 Isomers

    1.8 Inter- and Intramolecular Attractions in Polymers

    1.9 General Classifications

    1.10 Plastic Compositions

    1.11 Summary

    References

    2. Introduction to the Weathering of Plastics

    2.1 Physical Processes of Weathering on Plastic Materials

    2.2 Chemical Effects of Atmospheric Pollutants on Plastic Materials

    2.3 Mechanisms of UV Stabilization

    2.4 UV Stabilizers

    2.5 Testing

    References

    3. Introduction to Plastic Properties

    3.1 Introduction to the Physical, Mechanical, and Thermal Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

    3.2 Appearance Properties

    3.3 Mechanical Testing of Plastics

    3.4 Thermal Property Testing of Plastics

    References

    4. Styrenic Plastics

    4.1 Styrenic Plastics

    4.2 ABS Copolymer

    4.3 Polystyrene

    4.4 SAN Copolymer

    4.5 Acrylonitrile-Styrene-Acrylate

    References

    5. Polyesters

    5.1 Polyesters

    5.2 Liquid Crystalline Polymers

    5.3 Polybutylene Terephthalate

    5.4 Polycarbonate

    5.5 Polyethylene Terephthalate

    5.6 Polyethylene Naphthalate

    References

    6. Polyimides

    6.1 Polyamide-Imide

    6.2 Polyetherimide

    6.3 Polyimide

    Reference

    7. Polyamides Nylons

    7.1 Polyamides (Nylons)

    7.2 Amorphous Polyamide (Polyamide Copolymers)

    7.3 Polyamide 6 (Nylon 6)

    7.4 Polyamide 11(Nylon 11)

    7.5 Polyamide 12 (Nylon 12)

    7.6 Polyamide 66(Nylon 66)

    7.7 Polyarylamide

    7.8 Polyphthalamide/High-Performance Polyamide

    References

    8. Polyolefins

    8.1 Polyolefins

    8.2 Polyethylene

    8.3 Polypropylene

    8.4 Poly-4-Methyl-1-Pentene

    References

    9. Polyvinyls and Acrylics

    9.1 Polyvinyls and Acrylics

    9.2 Ethylene–Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer

    9.3 Polyvinyl Chloride

    9.4 Polyacrylics

    9.5 Ionomers

    References

    10. Fluoropolymers

    10.1 Fluoropolymers

    10.2 Polytetrafluoroethylene

    10.3 Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene

    10.4 Perfluoro Alkoxy (PFA)

    10.5 Polyvinyl Fluoride

    10.6 Polychlorotrifluoroethylene

    10.7 Polyvinylidene Fluoride

    10.8 Ethylene–Tetrafluoroethylene Copolymer

    10.9 Ethylene–Chlorotrifluoroethylene Copolymer

    References

    11. High-Temperature/High-Performance Polymers

    11.1 PolyarylEtherKetone

    11.2 Polyphenylene Sulfide

    11.3 Polysulfone

    11.4 Polyphenylsulfone

    11.5 Polyethersulfone

    11.6 Parylene (Poly(P-Xylylene))

    11.7 Polyoxymethylene (POM or Acetal Homopolymer)/Polyoxymethylene Copolymer (POM-Co or Acetal Copolymer)

    11.8 Polyphenylene Oxide

    References

    12. Elastomers and Rubbers

    12.1 Elastomers and Rubbers

    12.2 Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers

    12.3 Olefinic Thermoplastic Elastomers

    12.4 Thermoplastic Copolyester Elastomers

    12.5 Butyl Rubber

    12.6 Chlorobutyl Rubber (Polychloroprene)

    12.7 Ethylene–Propylene Rubbers (EPM, EPDM)

    12.8 Epichlorohydrin Rubber

    12.9 Fluoroelastomers

    12.10 Natural Rubber

    12.11 Acrylonitrile–Butadiene Copolymer

    12.12 Styrene–Butadiene Rubber

    12.13 Ethylene–Vinyl Acetate Copolymer

    12.14 Polysulfide Rubber

    12.15 Polysiloxane/Silicone Rubber

    References

    13. Sustainable Polymers

    13.1 Sustainable Polymers

    13.2 Cellulose-Based Materials

    13.3 Polycaprolactone

    13.4 Poly(Lactic Acid)

    References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 400
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2013
  • Published: June 21, 2013
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781455728510
  • eBook ISBN: 9781455730056

About the Author

Laurence McKeen

Larry McKeen has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin and worked for DuPont Fluoroproducts from 1978–2014. As a Senior Research Associate (Chemist), he was responsible for new product development including application technology and product optimization for particular end-uses, and product testing. He retired from DuPont at the end of 2014 and is currently a consultant.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Associate, DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA

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