The Effect of Sterilization on Plastics and Elastomers - 3rd Edition - ISBN: 9781455725984, 9781455728053

The Effect of Sterilization on Plastics and Elastomers

3rd Edition

Authors: Laurence McKeen
Hardcover ISBN: 9781455725984
eBook ISBN: 9781455728053
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 24th September 2012
Page Count: 480
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Table of Contents

PDL Handbook Series

Preface

1. Introduction to Food Irradiation and Medical Sterilization

1.1 Pathogens

1.2 Food-Borne Disease Control

1.3 Medical Sterilization

1.4 Bioterrorism

1.5 Summary

References

2. Introduction to Plastics and Polymers

2.1 Polymerization

2.2 Copolymers

2.3 Linear, Branched, and Cross-Linked Polymers

2.4 Polarity

2.5 Unsaturation

2.6 Steric Hindrance

2.7 Isomers

2.8 Inter- and Intramolecular Attractions in Polymers

2.9 General Classifications

2.10 Plastic Compositions

2.11 Summary

References

3. Introduction to the Physical, Mechanical, and Thermal Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

3.1 Physical Property Testing

3.2 Mechanical Testing of Plastics

3.3 Thermal Property Testing of Plastics

References

4. Styrenic Plastics

4.1 Acrylonitrile–Butadiene–Styrene Copolymer

4.2 Methacrylate–Acrylonitrile–Butadiene–Styrene Copolymer

4.3 Polystyrene

4.4 SAN Copolymer

4.5 Styrene–Butadiene Copolymers

References

5. Polyesters

5.1 Liquid Crystalline Polymers

5.2 Polybutylene Terephthalate

5.3 Polycarbonate

5.4 Polyethylene Terephthalate

5.5 Polycyclohexylene-Dimethylene Terephthalate

5.6 Copolyesters

5.7 Polyethylene Naphthalate

5.8 Polyphthalate Carbonate

References

6. Polyimides

6.1 Polyamide-Imide

6.2 Polyetherimide

6.3 Polyimide

References

7. Polyamides (Nylons)

7.1 Polyamide 6 (Nylon 6)

7.2 Polyamide 11 (Nylon 11)

7.3 Polyamide 12 (Nylon 12)

7.4 Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)

7.5 Polyarylamide

7.6 Copolymers/Terpolymers

References

8. Polyolefins

8.1 Polyethylene

8.2 Polypropylene

8.3 Poly-4-Methyl-1-Pentene

8.4 Cyclic Olefin Copolymer

8.5 Plastomer

References

9. Polyvinyls and Acrylics

9.1 Ethylene–Vinyl Acetate Copolymer

9.2 Ethylene–Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer

9.3 Polyvinyl Chloride

9.4 Polyvinylidene Chloride

9.5 Polyacrylics

9.6 Acrylonitrile–Methyl Acrylate Copolymer

9.7 Ionomers

References

10. Fluoropolymers

10.1 Polytetrafluoroethylene

10.2 Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene

10.3 Perfluoroalkoxy

10.4 Amorphous Fluoropolymer – Teflon AF®

10.5 Polyvinyl Fluoride

10.6 Polychlorotrifluoroethylene

10.7 Polyvinylidene Fluoride

10.8 Ethylene–Tetrafluoroethylene Copolymer

10.9 Ethylene–Chlorotrifluoroethylene Copolymer

References

11. High-Temperature/High-Performance Polymers

11.1 Polyether Ether Ketone

11.2 Polyaryletherketone

11.3 Polyphenylene Sulfide

11.4 Polysulfone

11.5 Polyphenylsulfone

11.6 Polyethersulfone

11.7 Parylene (Poly(p-Xylylene))

11.8 Polyoxymethylene (Acetal Homopolymer)/Polyoxymethylene Copolymer (Acetal Copolymer)

11.9 Self-Reinforced Polymers

References

12. Renewable Resource and Biodegradable Polymers

12.1 Polyanhydrides

12.2 Cellophane™

12.3 Nitrocellulose

12.4 Ethyl Cellulose (Hydroxyethylcellulose)

12.5 Polycaprolactone

12.6 Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) and Poly L-Lactic Acid (PLLA)

12.7 Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate

12.8 Polyglycolic Acid

References

13. Elastomers

13.1 Thermoplastic Polyether Block Polyamide Elastomers (TPA-ET or PEBA)

13.2 Thermoplastic Copolyester Elastomers (TPC-E or COPE)

13.3 Olefinic Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPO)

13.4 Styrenic Block Copolymer Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPS)

13.5 Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers (TPU)

13.6 Polysiloxane/Silicone Rubber

References

Index


Description

PDL Handbook Series

Preface

1. Introduction to Food Irradiation and Medical Sterilization

1.1 Pathogens

1.2 Food-Borne Disease Control

1.3 Medical Sterilization

1.4 Bioterrorism

1.5 Summary

References

2. Introduction to Plastics and Polymers

2.1 Polymerization

2.2 Copolymers

2.3 Linear, Branched, and Cross-Linked Polymers

2.4 Polarity

2.5 Unsaturation

2.6 Steric Hindrance

2.7 Isomers

2.8 Inter- and Intramolecular Attractions in Polymers

2.9 General Classifications

2.10 Plastic Compositions

2.11 Summary

References

3. Introduction to the Physical, Mechanical, and Thermal Properties of Plastics and Elastomers

3.1 Physical Property Testing

3.2 Mechanical Testing of Plastics

3.3 Thermal Property Testing of Plastics

References

4. Styrenic Plastics

4.1 Acrylonitrile–Butadiene–Styrene Copolymer

4.2 Methacrylate–Acrylonitrile–Butadiene–Styrene Copolymer

4.3 Polystyrene

4.4 SAN Copolymer

4.5 Styrene–Butadiene Copolymers

References

5. Polyesters

5.1 Liquid Crystalline Polymers

5.2 Polybutylene Terephthalate

5.3 Polycarbonate

5.4 Polyethylene Terephthalate

5.5 Polycyclohexylene-Dimethylene Terephthalate

5.6 Copolyesters

5.7 Polyethylene Naphthalate

5.8 Polyphthalate Carbonate

References

6. Polyimides

6.1 Polyamide-Imide

6.2 Polyetherimide

6.3 Polyimide

References

7. Polyamides (Nylons)

7.1 Polyamide 6 (Nylon 6)

7.2 Polyamide 11 (Nylon 11)

7.3 Polyamide 12 (Nylon 12)

7.4 Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)

7.5 Polyarylamide

7.6 Copolymers/Terpolymers

References

8. Polyolefins

8.1 Polyethylene

8.2 Polypropylene

8.3 Poly-4-Methyl-1-Pentene

8.4 Cyclic Olefin Copolymer

8.5 Plastomer

References

9. Polyvinyls and Acrylics

9.1 Ethylene–Vinyl Acetate Copolymer

9.2 Ethylene–Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer

9.3 Polyvinyl Chloride

9.4 Polyvinylidene Chloride

9.5 Polyacrylics

9.6 Acrylonitrile–Methyl Acrylate Copolymer

9.7 Ionomers

References

10. Fluoropolymers

10.1 Polytetrafluoroethylene

10.2 Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene

10.3 Perfluoroalkoxy

10.4 Amorphous Fluoropolymer – Teflon AF®

10.5 Polyvinyl Fluoride

10.6 Polychlorotrifluoroethylene

10.7 Polyvinylidene Fluoride

10.8 Ethylene–Tetrafluoroethylene Copolymer

10.9 Ethylene–Chlorotrifluoroethylene Copolymer

References

11. High-Temperature/High-Performance Polymers

11.1 Polyether Ether Ketone

11.2 Polyaryletherketone

11.3 Polyphenylene Sulfide

11.4 Polysulfone

11.5 Polyphenylsulfone

11.6 Polyethersulfone

11.7 Parylene (Poly(p-Xylylene))

11.8 Polyoxymethylene (Acetal Homopolymer)/Polyoxymethylene Copolymer (Acetal Copolymer)

11.9 Self-Reinforced Polymers

References

12. Renewable Resource and Biodegradable Polymers

12.1 Polyanhydrides

12.2 Cellophane™

12.3 Nitrocellulose

12.4 Ethyl Cellulose (Hydroxyethylcellulose)

12.5 Polycaprolactone

12.6 Poly Lactic Acid (PLA) and Poly L-Lactic Acid (PLLA)

12.7 Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate

12.8 Polyglycolic Acid

References

13. Elastomers

13.1 Thermoplastic Polyether Block Polyamide Elastomers (TPA-ET or PEBA)

13.2 Thermoplastic Copolyester Elastomers (TPC-E or COPE)

13.3 Olefinic Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPO)

13.4 Styrenic Block Copolymer Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPS)

13.5 Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers (TPU)

13.6 Polysiloxane/Silicone Rubber

References

Index

Key Features

  • Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with plastics in applications that require sterile packaging and equipment.
  • 3rd edition includes new introductory chapters on sterilization processes and polymer chemistry, providing the underpinning knowledge required to utilize the data.
  • Provides essential information and guidance for FDA submissions required for new Medical Devices.

Readership

Plastics engineers, product designers, packaging engineers and materials scientists.

Medical device and packaging designers and users; polymer and coatings chemists; producers and users of sterile packaging products and medical devices.

Sectors: food, beverage and pharmaceutical packaging; medical devices; chemical processing; agriculture; defense.


Details

No. of pages:
480
Language:
English
Copyright:
© William Andrew 2012
Published:
Imprint:
William Andrew
eBook ISBN:
9781455728053
Hardcover ISBN:
9781455725984

About the Authors

Laurence McKeen Author

Larry McKeen has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin and worked for DuPont Fluoroproducts from 1978–2014. As a Senior Research Associate Chemist he was responsible for new product development including application technology and product optimization for particular end-uses, and product testing. He retired from DuPont at the end of 2014 and is currently a consultant.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Associate, DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA