The Effect of Long Term Thermal Exposure on Plastics and Elastomers

1st Edition

Authors: Laurence McKeen
Hardcover ISBN: 9780323221085
eBook ISBN: 9780323188937
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 21st November 2013
Page Count: 296
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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • 1. Introduction to Plastics and Polymers
    • 1.1 Polymerization
    • 1.2 Copolymers
    • 1.3 Linear, Branched, and Crosslinked Polymers
    • 1.4 Polarity
    • 1.5 Unsaturation
    • 1.6 Steric Hindrance
    • 1.7 Isomers
    • 1.8 Inter- and Intramolecular Attractions in Polymers
    • 1.9 General Classifications
    • 1.10 Plastic Compositions
    • 1.11 Summary
    • References

  • 2. Introduction to the Effect of Heat Aging on Plastics
    • 2.1 Physical Processes of Heating on Plastic Materials
    • 2.2 Thermal Degradation Chemistry
    • 2.3 Mechanisms of Thermal Stabilization
    • 2.4 Thermal/Heat Aging Testing
    • 2.5 Creep—Aging Under Stress
    • References

  • 3. Introduction to the Physical, Mechanical, and Thermal Properties of Plastics and Elastomers
    • 3.1 Appearance Properties
    • 3.2 Mechanical Testing of Plastics
    • 3.3 Thermal Property Testing of Plastics
    • References

  • 4. Styrenic Plastics
    • 4.1 Acrylonitrile–Butadiene–Styrene Copolymer
    • 4.2 Polystyrene
    • 4.3 Styrene–Acrylonitrile Copolymer
    • 4.4 Acrylonitrile–Styrene Acrylate
    • 4.5 Styrene–Butadiene Copolymer
    • 4.6 Styrenic Blends/Alloys
    • References

  • 5. Polyesters
    • 5.1 Liquid Crystalline Polymers
    • 5.2 Polybutylene Terephthalate
    • 5.3 Polycarbonate
    • 5.4 Polyethylene Terephthalate
    • 5.5 Polyethylene Naphthalate and Polybutylene Naphthalate
    • 5.6 Isophorone Bisphenol Based PCs
    • 5.7 Copolyesters
    • References

  • 6. Polyimides
    • 6.1 Polyamide–Imide
    • 6.2 Polyetherimide
    • 6.3 Polyimide
    • References

  • 7. Polyamides (Nylons)
    • 7.1 Amorphous Polyamide (Polyamide Copolymers)
    • 7.2 Polyam


This reference guide brings together a wide range of essential data on the effect of long term thermal exposure on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. The data is supported by explanations of how to make use of the data in real-world engineering contexts.

High heat environments are common in automotive, oil and gas, household appliances, coatings, space and aeronautics and many more end uses. As a result, thermal stability data are critically important to engineers designing parts particularly that replace metals, work that is common today as they look for ways to reduce weight. The data tables in this book enable engineers and scientists to select the right materials for a given product or application across a wide range of sectors.

Several polymer classes are covered, including polyolefins, polyamides, polyesters, elastomers, fluoropolymers, biodegradable plastics and more, saving readers the need to contact suppliers. The book also includes introductory sections to provide background on plastic/polymer chemistry and formulation and plastic testing methods, providing the knowledge required to make best use of the data.

Key Features

  • Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with plastics for use in high temperature environments
  • Includes introductory chapters on polymer chemistry and its effect on thermal stability, providing the underpinning knowledge required to utilize the data
  • Covers a wide range of commercial polymer classes, saving readers the need to contact suppliers


Plastics engineers, product designers and materials scientists.

Sectors: construction; consumer goods; medical devices; oil & gas; automotive & aerospace.


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© William Andrew 2014
William Andrew
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About the Authors

Laurence McKeen Author

Larry McKeen has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin and worked for DuPont Fluoroproducts from 1978–2014. As a Senior Research Associate Chemist he was responsible for new product development including application technology and product optimization for particular end-uses, and product testing. He retired from DuPont at the end of 2014 and is currently a consultant.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Associate, DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA