The Economic Impacts of Tax—Transfer Policy - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122888502, 9781483272405

The Economic Impacts of Tax—Transfer Policy

1st Edition

Regional and Distributional Effects

Authors: Fredrick L. Golladay Robert H. Haveman
eBook ISBN: 9781483272405
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1977
Page Count: 216
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Description

The Economic Impacts of Tax—Transfer Policy: Regional and Distributional Effects deals with evaluating proposed income-transfer policies through tax modeling. The book analyzes the direct and indirect effects of two variants of a negative income tax plan. These are the standard negative income tax and the Family Assistance Plan. By studying the indirect effects of income-maintenance programs on industries, occupations, and different regions, the authors point to understanding the effectiveness of alternative income-maintenance programs. Proposed changes in national taxes and transfer policies aim to achieve income redistribution. In their studies and models, the authors noted that the full impact of these tax policies throughout the income spectra covering different income classes, industries, occupations, and regions is different from that gathered from observations involving the direct effects of these schemes. The authors cite some policy implications resulting from their study, such as the redistributional impacts of direct tax-transfer scheme are not as efficient as expected and that increasing the demand for low-skilled workers and improving their job qualities is one way of improving income distribution. The text is valuable for economists and government policymakers in the finance and labor sectors, as well as for sociologists and political economists.

Table of Contents


List of Tables

Foreword

Preface

Acknowledgments

1 Income Transfers and Income Redistribution

2 Two Tax—Transfer Policy Proposals - The Basis for a Simulation Exercise

Two Tax-Transfer Proposals

Financing the Transfer Proposals

on Evaluating Tax-Transfer Policies

3 Modeling the Microeconomic Effects of Tax-Transfer Policy: Conceptual Issues

Structure of the Model

Components of the Model

The Consumption Expenditure Module

4 Modeling the Microeconomic Effects of Tax—Transfer Policy: Empirical Issues

Empirical Implementation of the Model

The Model in Notational Form

5 From First-Round to Final Income Redistribution: How Much Do Antipoverty Transfers Equalize Incomes?

First-Round Distributional Effects

Induced Distributional Effects

6 Between First-Round and Final Income Redistribution: The Process of Economic Adjustment

Effects of FAP and NIT on Consumption Expenditures

Effects of FAP and NIT on Gross Output

Effects of FAP and NIT on Labor Demand

7 Summary and Conclusions

A Brief Summary of Empirical Findings

Some Caveats

Some Policy Implications

Appendix A Calculation of Benefits From Income-Transfer Programs

Negative Income Tax (NIT)

Family Assistance Plan (FAP)

Appendix B Simulated State Supplementary Welfare Payments Under FAP

Appendix C Simulated Tax Revenues Required to Finance Transfer Programs

Appendix D Estimation of Marginal Budget Shares

A Piecewise Semi-Log Expenditure-Income Regression Model

Calculation of Commodity-Specific Estimates of Marginal Consumption Propensity

Estimation of Vectors of Marginal Budget Shares

Appendix E Reconciliation of Consumer Expenditure Categories with Input—Output Categories

Appendix F The Formation of Socioeconomic Groups for Expenditure Models Based on Normal Income

The Data

Grouping the Observations

The Socioeconomic Groups and Their Economic Characteristics

Appendix G Estimation of Ratios of Employment to Output, by Industry and Region

Appendix H Statistical Reliability of Regional Aggregation

Appendix I Detailed Occupation Categories

Appendix J Estimation of Regional Matrices of Occupation by Earnings Class

Appendix K Impacts of Income-Transfer Policies on Gross Output, by Detailed Industry

Appendix L Impacts of Income-Transfer Policies on Labor Demand, by Detailed Occupational Category

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
216
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1977
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483272405

About the Author

Fredrick L. Golladay

Robert H. Haveman