The Ecology of Sandy Shores - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780123725691, 9780080465098

The Ecology of Sandy Shores

2nd Edition

Authors: A.C. Brown Anton McLachlan
eBook ISBN: 9780080465098
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123725691
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th September 2006
Page Count: 392
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The Ecology of Sandy Shores provides the students and researchers with a one-volume resource for understanding the conservation and management of the sandy shore ecosystem. Covering all beach types, and addressing issues from the behavioral and physiological adaptations of the biota to exploring the effects of pollution and the impact of man's activities, this book should become the standard reference for those interested in Sandy Shore study, management and preservation.

Key Features

  • More than 25% expanded from the previous edition
  • Three entirely new chapters: Energetics and Nutrient Cycling, Turtles and Terrestrial Vertebrates, and Benthic Macrofauna Populations
  • New sections on the interstitial environment, seagrasses, human impacts and coastal zone management
  • Examples drawn from virtually all parts of the world, considering all beach types from the most exposed to the most sheltered


Senior undergraduate and postgraduate students in marine biology, researchers in marine and coastal ecology, coastal zone managers

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction

  2. The Physical Environment ƒ{ 2.1 Introduction ƒ{ 2.2 Sand ƒ{ 2.3 Waves ƒ{ 2.4 Other drivers of water movement ƒ{ 2.5 Sand transport ƒ{ 2.6 Interactions between beach slope, waves, tides and sand ƒ{ 2.7 Beach indices ƒ{ 2.8 Beach types ƒ{ 2.9 Circulation cells and mixing ƒ{ 2.10 Embayments and headlands ƒ{ 2.11 Swash climate ƒ{ 2.12 Slope ƒ{ 2.13 Latitudinal effects ƒ{ 2.14 Conclusions

  3. The Interstitial Environment ƒ{ 3.1 Introduction ƒ{ 3.2 Characteristics of the system ƒ{ 3.3 Processes of water input ƒ{ 3.4 Water filtration ƒ{ 3.5 Water table fluctuations ƒ{ 3.6 Interstitial chemistry ƒ{ 3.7 The interstitial environment ƒ{ 3.8 Conclusions

  4. Beach and Surf Zone Flora ƒ{ 4.1 Introduction ƒ{ 4.2 Benthic microflora ƒ{ 4.3 Surf-zone phytoplankton ƒ{ 4.4 Seagrasses ƒ{ 4.5 Conclusions

  5. Sandy Beach Invertebrates ƒ{ 5.1 Introduction ƒ{ 5.2 Important groups ƒ{ 5.3 Conclusions

  6. Adaptation to Sandy Beach Life ƒ{ 6.1 Introduction ƒ{ 6.2 Locomotion ƒ{ 6.3 Rhythms of activity ƒ{ 6.4 Sensory responses and orientation ƒ{ 6.5 Choice of habitat ƒ{ 6.6 Nutrition ƒ{ 6.7 Respiration ƒ{ 6.8 Environmental tolerances ƒ{ 6.9 Reproduction ƒ{ 6.10 Aggregations and gregariousness ƒ{ 6.11 Avoidance of predators ƒ{ 6.12 Phenotypic plasticity ƒ{ 6.13 Conclusions

  7. Benthic Macrofauna Communities ƒ{ 7.1 Introduction ƒ{ 7.2 Sampling ƒ{ 7.3 Taxonomic composition ƒ{ 7.4 Macroscale patterns ƒ{ 7.5 Mesoscale patterns ƒ{ 7.6 Microscale patterns ƒ{ 7.7 Trophic relations ƒ{ 7.8 Conclusions

  8. Benthic Macrofauna Populations ƒ{ 8.1 Introduction ƒ{ 8.2 Macroscale patterns ƒ{ 8.3 Mesoscale patterns ƒ{ 8.4 Microscale patterns ƒ{ 8.5 Invertebrate fisheries ƒ{ 8.6 Conclusions

  9. Interstitial Ecology ƒ{ 9.1 Introduction ƒ{ 9.2 Interstitial climate ƒ{ 9.3 Sampling ƒ{ 9.4 Interstitial biota ƒ{ 9.5 Distribution of interstitial fauna ƒ{ 9.6 Temporal changes ƒ{ 9.7 Meiofaunal communities ƒ{ 9.8 Trophic relations ƒ{ 9.9 Biological interactions ƒ{ 9.10 Meiofauna and pollution ƒ{ 9.11 Conclusions

  10. Surf Zone Fauna ƒ{ 10.1 Introduction ƒ{ 10.2 Zooplankton ƒ{ 10.3 Fishes ƒ{ 10.4 Other groups ƒ{ 10.5 Conclusions

  11. Turtles and Terrestrial Vertebrates ƒ{ 11.1 Introduction ƒ{ 11.2 Turtles ƒ{ 11.3 Birds ƒ{ 11.4 Conclusions

  12. Energetics and Nutrient Cycling ƒ{ 12.1 Introduction ƒ{ 12.2 Food sources ƒ{ 12.3 Macroscopic food chains ƒ{ 12.4 Interstitial food chains ƒ{ 12.5 The microbial loop in surf waters ƒ{ 12.6 Energy flow in beach and surf-zone ecosystems ƒ{ 12.7 Case study: sandy beaches of the Eastern Cape ƒ{ 12.8 Nutrient cycling ƒ{ 12.9 Conclusions

  13. Coastal Dune Ecosystems and Dune-beach Interactions ƒ{ 13.1 Introduction ƒ{ 13.2 The physical environment ƒ{ 13.3 Coastal dune formation by vegetation ƒ{ 13.4 Dune types ƒ{ 13.5 Edaphic features ƒ{ 13.6 Water ƒ{ 13.7 The gradient across coastal dunefields ƒ{ 13.8 Dune vegetation ƒ{ 13.9 The fauna ƒ{ 13.10 Food chains ƒ{ 13.11 Dune/beach exchanges ƒ{ 13.12 A case study of dune/beach exchanges ƒ{ 13.13 Conclusions

  14. Human Impacts ƒ{ 14.1 Introduction ƒ{ 14.2 Pollution ƒ{ 14.3 Recreational activities ƒ{ 14.4 Global warming ƒ{ 14.5 Direct human pressure ƒ{ 14.6 Altering the landscape ƒ{ 14.7 Natural impacts ƒ{ 14.8 Human influence on the evolution of beaches ƒ{ 14.9 Conclusions

  15. Coastal Zone Management ƒ{ 15.1 Introduction ƒ{ 15.2 The littoral active zone ƒ{ 15.3 Summary of threats ƒ{ 15.4 Principles of coastal zone management ƒ{ 15.5 Management, planning and implementation ƒ{ 15.6 Case studies ƒ{ 15.7 Conservation ƒ{ 15.8 Conclusions

  16. Glossary

  17. References

  18. Appendices ƒ{ Appendix 1. Measures of beach type ƒ{ Appendix 2. The chemical environment of sediments


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© Academic Press 2007
Academic Press
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About the Author

A.C. Brown

Affiliations and Expertise

Sultan Qaboos University, Oman, & University of Cape Town, South Africa

Anton McLachlan

Dr McLachlan has had a long and established career in beach ecology. He has worked around the world and has headed up multiple departments and research institutions including: the Director for the Institute for Coastal Research, Chair of the Dept. of Zoology and has held a number of Dean positions at Sultan Qaboos University in Oman. He has over 90 publications to date.

Affiliations and Expertise

Sultan Qaboos University, Oman