The Ecology of Sandy Shores - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780123725691, 9780080465098

The Ecology of Sandy Shores

2nd Edition

Authors: A.C. Brown Anton McLachlan
eBook ISBN: 9780080465098
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123725691
Paperback ISBN: 9781493300976
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th September 2006
Page Count: 392
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Description

The Ecology of Sandy Shores provides the students and researchers with a one-volume resource for understanding the conservation and management of the sandy shore ecosystem. Covering all beach types, and addressing issues from the behavioral and physiological adaptations of the biota to exploring the effects of pollution and the impact of man's activities, this book should become the standard reference for those interested in Sandy Shore study, management and preservation.

Key Features

  • More than 25% expanded from the previous edition
  • Three entirely new chapters: Energetics and Nutrient Cycling, Turtles and Terrestrial Vertebrates, and Benthic Macrofauna Populations
  • New sections on the interstitial environment, seagrasses, human impacts and coastal zone management
  • Examples drawn from virtually all parts of the world, considering all beach types from the most exposed to the most sheltered

Readership

Senior undergraduate and postgraduate students in marine biology, researchers in marine and coastal ecology, coastal zone managers

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction

    2. The Physical Environment
    2.1 Introduction
    2.2 Sand
    2.3 Waves
    2.4 Other drivers of water movement
    2.5 Sand transport
    2.6 Interactions between beach slope, waves, tides and sand
    2.7 Beach indices
    2.8 Beach types
    2.9 Circulation cells and mixing
    2.10 Embayments and headlands
    2.11 Swash climate
    2.12 Slope
    2.13 Latitudinal effects
    2.14 Conclusions

    3. The Interstitial Environment
    3.1 Introduction
    3.2 Characteristics of the system
    3.3 Processes of water input
    3.4 Water filtration
    3.5 Water table fluctuations
    3.6 Interstitial chemistry
    3.7 The interstitial environment
    3.8 Conclusions

    4. Beach and Surf Zone Flora
    4.1 Introduction
    4.2 Benthic microflora
    4.3 Surf-zone phytoplankton
    4.4 Seagrasses
    4.5 Conclusions

    5. Sandy Beach Invertebrates
    5.1 Introduction
    5.2 Important groups
    5.3 Conclusions

    6. Adaptation to Sandy Beach Life
    6.1 Introduction
    6.2 Locomotion
    6.3 Rhythms of activity
    6.4 Sensory responses and orientation
    6.5 Choice of habitat
    6.6 Nutrition
    6.7 Respiration
    6.8 Environmental tolerances
    6.9 Reproduction
    6.10 Aggregations and gregariousness
    6.11 Avoidance of predators
    6.12 Phenotypic plasticity
    6.13 Conclusions

    7. Benthic Macrofauna Communities
    7.1 Introduction
    7.2 Sampling
    7.3 Taxonomic composition 
    7.4 Macroscale patterns 
    7.5 Mesoscale patterns
    7.6 Microscale patterns 
    7.7 Trophic relations
    7.8 Conclusions

    8. Benthic Macrofauna Populations
    8.1 Introduction
    8.2 Macroscale patterns
    8.3 Mesoscale patterns
    8.4 Microscale patterns
    8.5 Invertebrate fisheries
    8.6 Conclusions

    9. Interstitial Ecology
    9.1 Introduction
    9.2 Interstitial climate
    9.3 Sampling
    9.4 Interstitial biota
    9.5 Distribution of interstitial fauna
    9.6 Temporal changes
    9.7 Meiofaunal communities
    9.8 Trophic relations
    9.9 Biological interactions
    9.10 Meiofauna and pollution
    9.11 Conclusions

    10. Surf Zone Fauna
    10.1 Introduction
    10.2 Zooplankton
    10.3 Fishes
    10.4 Other groups
    10.5 Conclusions

    11. Turtles and Terrestrial Vertebrates
    11.1 Introduction
    11.2 Turtles
    11.3 Birds
    11.4 Conclusions

    12. Energetics and Nutrient Cycling
    12.1 Introduction
    12.2 Food sources
    12.3 Macroscopic food chains
    12.4 Interstitial food chains
    12.5 The microbial loop in surf waters
    12.6 Energy flow in beach and surf-zone ecosystems
    12.7 Case study: sandy beaches of the Eastern Cape
    12.8 Nutrient cycling
    12.9 Conclusions

    13. Coastal Dune Ecosystems and Dune-beach Interactions
    13.1 Introduction
    13.2 The physical environment
    13.3 Coastal dune formation by vegetation
    13.4 Dune types
    13.5 Edaphic features
    13.6 Water
    13.7 The gradient across coastal dunefields
    13.8 Dune vegetation
    13.9 The fauna
    13.10 Food chains
    13.11 Dune/beach exchanges
    13.12 A case study of dune/beach exchanges
    13.13 Conclusions

    14. Human Impacts
    14.1 Introduction
    14.2 Pollution
    14.3 Recreational activities
    14.4 Global warming
    14.5 Direct human pressure
    14.6 Altering the landscape
    14.7 Natural impacts
    14.8 Human influence on the evolution of beaches
    14.9 Conclusions

    15. Coastal Zone Management
    15.1 Introduction
    15.2 The littoral active zone
    15.3 Summary of threats
    15.4 Principles of coastal zone management
    15.5 Management, planning and implementation
    15.6 Case studies
    15.7 Conservation
    15.8 Conclusions

    16. Glossary

    17. References

    18. Appendices
    Appendix 1. Measures of beach type
    Appendix 2. The chemical environment of sediments

Details

No. of pages:
392
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2007
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780080465098
Hardcover ISBN:
9780123725691
Paperback ISBN:
9781493300976

About the Author

A.C. Brown

Affiliations and Expertise

Sultan Qaboos University, Oman, & University of Cape Town, South Africa

Anton McLachlan

Dr McLachlan has had a long and established career in beach ecology. He has worked around the world and has headed up multiple departments and research institutions including: the Director for the Institute for Coastal Research, Chair of the Dept. of Zoology and has held a number of Dean positions at Sultan Qaboos University in Oman. He has over 90 publications to date.

Affiliations and Expertise

Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, South Africa

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