The Earth's Ionosphere: Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics emphasizes the study of plasma physics and electrodynamics of the ionosphere, including many aeronomical influences. The ionosphere is somewhat of a battleground between the earth's neutral atmosphere and the sun's fully ionized atmosphere, in which the earth is embedded. One of the challenges of ionosphere research is to know enough about these two vast fields of research to make sense out of ionospheric phenomena. This book provides insights into how these competing sources of mass, momentum, and energy compete for control of the ionosphere. Some of the topics discussed include the fundamentals of ionospheric plasma dynamics; equatorial plasma instabilities; high-latitude electrodynamics; and instabilities and structure in the high-latitude ionosphere. Throughout this text only the region above 90 km are discussed, ignoring the D region entirely. This publication is a good source of information for students and individuals conducting research on earth’s ionosphere.
Preface Chapter 1 Introductory and Background Material 1.1 Scope and Goals of the Text 1.2 Structure of the Neutral Atmosphere and the Ionosphere 1.3 The Earth's Magnetic Field and Magnetosphere References Chapter 2 Fundamentals of Ionospheric Plasma Dynamics 2.1 The Basic Fluid Equations 2.2 Steady-State Ionospheric Plasma Motions Due to Applied Forces 2.3 Generation of Electric Fields 2.4 Electric Field Mapping 2.5 Elements of Magnetospheric Physics 2.6 Coordinate Systems References Chapter 3 Electrodynamics of the Equatorial Zone 3.1 Motions of the Equatorial F Region: The Data Base 3.2 The Equatorial F-Region Dynamo 3.3 E-Region Dynamo Theory and the Daytime Equatorial Electrojet 3.4 Further Complexities of Equatorial Electrodynamics 3.5 Feedback between the Electrodynamics and the Thermospheric Winds References Chapter 4 Equatorial Plasma Instabilities 4.1 F-Region Plasma Instabilities: Observations 4.2 Development and Initiation of Equatorial Spread F 4.3 Nonlinear Theories of ESF 4.4 Short Wavelength Waves in Equatorial Spread F 4.5 ESF Summary 4.6 E-Region Plasma Instabilities: The Observational Data Base 4.7 Linear Theories of Electrojet Instabilities 4.8 Nonlinear Theories of Electrojet Instabilities 4.9 Future Directions References Chapter 5 The Mid-Latitude Ionosphere 5.1 Competing Influences on the Tropical and Mid-Latitude Ionospheres 5.2 Electrodynamics of the Tropical and Mid-Latitude Zone 5.3 Irregularities in the Mid-Latitude Ionosphere 5.4 Mid-Latitude Plasma Instabilities References Chapter 6 High-Latitude Electrodynamics 6.1 Electrical Coupling between the Ionosphere, Magnetosphere, and Solar Wind 6.2 Observations of Ionospheric Convection 6.3 Simple Models of Convection in the Magnetosphere 6.4 Empirical and Analytic Represent
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- © Academic Press 1989
- 28th October 1989
- Academic Press
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