Medical devices play an important role in the field of medical and health technology, and encompass a wide range of health care products. Directive 2007/47/EC defines a medical device as any instrument, apparatus, appliance, software, material or other article, whether used alone or in combination, including the software intended by its manufacturer to be used specifically for diagnostic and/or therapeutic purposes and necessary for its proper application, intended by the manufacturer to be used for human beings. The design and manufacture of medical devices brings together a range of articles and case studies dealing with medical device R&D. Chapters in the book cover materials used in medical implants, such as Titanium Oxide, polyurethane, and advanced polymers; devices for specific applications such as spinal and craniofacial implants, and other issues related to medical devices, such as precision machining and integrated telemedicine systems.

Key Features

  • Contains articles on a diverse range of subjects within the field, with internationally renowned specialists discussing each medical device
  • Offers a practical approach to recent developments in the design and manufacture of medical devices
  • Presents a topic that is the focus of research in many important universities and centres of research worldwide


Academics, biomechanical researchers, medical doctors, other professionals in related engineering, medical and biomedical industries

Table of Contents

List of figures

List of tables


About the contributors

Chapter 1: Characteristics and applications of titanium oxide as a biomaterial for medical implants


1.1 Introduction

1.2 Classification of biomaterials

1.3 Biomedical implantable devices

1.4 Applications

1.5 Proteins

1.6 Titanium oxide

Chapter 2: Precision machining of medical devices


2.1 Metallurgical aspects

2.2 Principal requirements of medical implants

2.3 Shape memory alloys

2.4 Conclusions

2.5 Acknowledgment

Chapter 3: Polyurethane for biomedical applications: A review of recent developments


3.1 Introduction

3.2 Biocompatibility evaluation

3.3 Biostability evaluation

3.4 Polyurethane for drug-controlled delivery

3.5 Polyurethane for cardiovascular applications

3.6 Polyurethane for medical supplies

3.7 Future outlook

Chapter 4: Application of the finite element method in spinal implant design and manufacture


4.1 Introduction to finite element method

4.2 General aspects of FEM

4.3 Parts of the finite element model of the spine

4.4 Verification

4.5 Validation

4.6 Application of the FEM in implant design

4.7 Conclusions

Chapter 5: Design and manufacture of a novel dynamic spinal implant


5.1 Introduction

5.2 Materials and methods

5.3 Results

5.4 Discussion

5.5 Conclusion

5.6 Acknowledgment

Chapter 6: Customized craniofacial implants: Design and manufacture


6.1 Introduction

6.2 The anatomic biomodels and craniofacial reconstruction

6.3 Biomodels and the design of customized prostheses

Chapter 7: Technological advances for polymers in active implanta


No. of pages:
© 2012
Woodhead Publishing
Print ISBN:
Electronic ISBN:

About the editor

J Paulo Davim

Joao Paulo Davim received his PhD in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Porto in 1997 and the Aggregation from the University of Coimbra in 2005. Currently, he is Aggregate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering of the University of Aveiro and Head of MACTRIB - Machining and Tribology Research Group. He has more than 24 years of teaching and research experience in machining, tribology and manufacturing processes. He is the Editor of four international journals, and also guest editor, editorial board member, reviewer and scientific advisor for many international journals and conferences. He has also published more than 300 articles in SCI journals (h-index 15) and conferences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Aveiro, Portugal