The Comprehensive Sourcebook of Bacterial Protein Toxins

3rd Edition

Editors: Joseph Alouf Michel Popoff
Authors: Joseph Alouf Daniel Ladant Michel Popoff
Hardcover ISBN: 9780120884452
eBook ISBN: 9780080456980
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 19th December 2005
Page Count: 1072
290.00 + applicable tax
225.00 + applicable tax
275.00 + applicable tax
180.00 + applicable tax
Unavailable
Compatible Not compatible
VitalSource PC, Mac, iPhone & iPad Amazon Kindle eReader
ePub & PDF Apple & PC desktop. Mobile devices (Apple & Android) Amazon Kindle eReader
Mobi Amazon Kindle eReader Anything else

Institutional Access


Description

This book describes the major achievements and discoveries relevant to bacterial protein toxins since the turn of the new century illustrated by the discovery of more than fifty novel toxins (many of them identified through genome screening). The establishment of the three-dimensional crystal structure of more than 20 toxins during the same period offers deeper knowledge of structure-activity relationships and provides a framework to understand how toxins recognize receptors, penetrate membranes and interact with and modify intracellular substrates.

Key Features

  • Edited by two of the most highly regarded experts in the field from the Institut Pasteur, France
  • 14 brand new chapters dedicated to coverage of historical and general aspects of toxinology
  • Includes the major toxins of both basic and clinical interest are described in depth
  • Details applied aspects of toxins such as therapy, vaccinology, and toolkits in cell biology
  • Evolutionary and functional aspects of bacterial toxins evaluated and summarized
  • Toxin applications in cell biology presented
  • Therapy (cancer therapy, dystonias) discussed
  • Vaccines (native and genetically engineered vaccines) featured
  • Toxins discussed as biological weapons, comprising chapters on anthrax, diphtheria, ricin etc.

Readership

Researchers, Academics, Graduate Students and PhD's in general microbiology, clinical microbiology and infectious disease

Table of Contents

In Memoriam

Contributors

Preface to Third Edition

Preface to Second Edition

Preface to First Edition

Introduction

Chapter 1: A 116-year story of bacterial protein toxins (1888–2004): from “diphtheritic poison” to molecular toxinology

INTRODUCTION

REPERTOIRE OF BACTERIAL PROTEIN AND PEPTIDE TOXINS (1888–2004)

DISCOVERY OF THE FIRST BACTERIAL PROTEIN TOXINS: DIPHTHERIA, TETANUS, AND BOTULINAL TOXINS (1888, 1890, 1896)

TOXIN RESEARCH BETWEEN 1900 AND 1975

MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS IN TOXIN RESEARCH FROM 1975 TO DATE

RATIONAL / CANONICAL CLASSIFICATION OF BACTERIAL TOXINS

CONCLUSION

SECTION I: BASIC GENOMIC AND PHYSIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF BACTERIAL PROTEIN TOXINS

Chapter 2: Evolutionary aspects of toxin-producing bacteria

INTRODUCTION

MOLECULAR ECOLOGY OF TOXIN-PRODUCING BACTERIA

MOLECULAR EVOLUTION OF TOXINS THROUGH GENETIC EXCHANGE

CONCLUSION

Chapter 3: Mobile genetic elements and pathogenicity islands encoding bacterial toxins

INTRODUCTION: THE GENOME STRUCTURE OF PROKARYOTES

PROTEIN TOXINS ENCODED BY MOBILE GENETIC ELEMENTS

TOXINS ENCODED BY PATHOGENICITY ISLANDS

CONCLUSION

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Chapter 4: Regulation systems of toxin expression

INTRODUCTION

REGULATION OF VIRULENCE GENE EXPRESSION IN BACILLUS CEREUS

THE BORDETELLA BVGA/S SYSTEM

GENETIC REGULATION IN CLOSTRIDIA

GENETIC REGULATION OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS EXOTOXINS

Chapter 5: Toxin secretion systems

INTRODUCTION

INNER MEMBRANE TRANSLOCATION

OUTER MEMBRANE TRANSLOCATION

CLOSING REMARKS

Chapter 6: Toxin receptors

GENERAL NOTES ON BACTERIAL TOXIN RECEPTORS

HOW DO YOU IDENTIFY BACTERIAL TOXIN RECEPTORS?

EXAMPLES OF TOXIN RECEPTORS

CONCLUSION

Chapter 7: Translo

Details

No. of pages:
1072
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2006
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780080456980
Hardcover ISBN:
9780120884452

About the Editor

Joseph Alouf

Joseph E. Alouf is Professor of Microbiology at the Pasteur Institute of Lille. He is former Head of the Department of Bacteriology and Mycology at the Pasteur Institute at Paris and Chairman of its Scientific Council. He served as Secretary General of the French Society of Immunology from 1984-1986 and President of the Federation of the European Microbiological Societies from 1989-1992. His 40-year research work relates to the field of bacterial protein toxins and immunology of infectious diseases. He is also the co-editor of several books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute Pasteur de Lille, France

Michel Popoff

Michel R. Popoff, D.V.M., Ph.D. (Microbiology) from the University of Paris (1985), Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches (HDR) from the University of Paris (1990), is the Head of the Anaerobic Bacteria and Toxins Unit and the Director of the National Reference Center for Anaerobic Bacteria and Botulism at Pasteur Institute, Paris, France. He is member of the French Veterinary Academy. His laboratory is focused on Clostridium toxins through genetic and biological activity analysis and has investigated the regulation of toxin synthesis in Clostridium botulinum and Clostridium tetani. In the recent years, we have analyzed the molecular mechanism of the actin depolymerizing C. sordellii lethal toxin and clostridial binary toxins, the pore-forming C. perfringens epsilon toxin, and the passage of botulinum neurotoxin through the intestinal barrier. He was co-editor of the 3° edition of the Sourcebook of Bacterial Protein Toxins Academic Press (2006).

Affiliations and Expertise

CNR Anaerobies et Botulisme, Unite Bacteries anaerobies et Toxines, Institut Pasteur, FRANCE

About the Author

Joseph Alouf

Joseph E. Alouf is Professor of Microbiology at the Pasteur Institute of Lille. He is former Head of the Department of Bacteriology and Mycology at the Pasteur Institute at Paris and Chairman of its Scientific Council. He served as Secretary General of the French Society of Immunology from 1984-1986 and President of the Federation of the European Microbiological Societies from 1989-1992. His 40-year research work relates to the field of bacterial protein toxins and immunology of infectious diseases. He is also the co-editor of several books.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute Pasteur de Lille, France

Daniel Ladant

Daniel Ladant is Director of Research at French CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research) and head of the “Biochemistry of Macromolecular Interactions” unit at Institut Pasteur, Paris, France. He obtained a Ph.D. in Microbiology in 1989 and a « Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches » (HDR), in 1999 from the Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France. His research has been mainly focused on the study of the molecular mechanisms that underlie protein-protein and protein-membrane interactions, using as a model system a bacterial toxin, the adenylate cyclase (CyaA) produced by Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of whooping cough. CyaA is an essential virulence factor from B. pertussis, and belongs to the large family of RTX (Repeat in ToXins) cytolysins produced by diverse Gram-negative bacteria. By combining molecular genetics, biochemical and biophysical approaches, he has characterized the structure, function and biogenesis of the CyaA toxin, with a particular emphasis on deciphering the molecular basis of its original entry pathway that involves a direct translocation of its catalytic domain across the plasma membrane. Basic knowledge gained on the mechanisms of CyaA entry into eukaryotic target cells and its interaction with cellular effectors has been used to develop various applications in vaccinology and biotechnology. In particular, the natural property of the CyaA toxin to target immune cells has been exploited to create innovative vaccines capable of stimulating potent cell-mediated immune responses against specific antigens. Two CyaA-based recombinant vaccines are currently evaluated in clinical trials. D. Ladant also designed a CyaA-based two-hybrid (BACTH) technology that has been exploited for studying, in bacteria, the assembly of protein complexes, and particularly to analyze membrane associated machineries such as bacterial secretion systems or the bacterial cell division apparatus. His other research interests include the other class II bact

Affiliations and Expertise

PhD, Director of Research at French CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research) and head of the Biochemistry of Macromolecular Interactions unit at Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Michel Popoff

Michel R. Popoff, D.V.M., Ph.D. (Microbiology) from the University of Paris (1985), Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches (HDR) from the University of Paris (1990), is the Head of the Anaerobic Bacteria and Toxins Unit and the Director of the National Reference Center for Anaerobic Bacteria and Botulism at Pasteur Institute, Paris, France. He is member of the French Veterinary Academy. His laboratory is focused on Clostridium toxins through genetic and biological activity analysis and has investigated the regulation of toxin synthesis in Clostridium botulinum and Clostridium tetani. In the recent years, we have analyzed the molecular mechanism of the actin depolymerizing C. sordellii lethal toxin and clostridial binary toxins, the pore-forming C. perfringens epsilon toxin, and the passage of botulinum neurotoxin through the intestinal barrier. He was co-editor of the 3° edition of the Sourcebook of Bacterial Protein Toxins Academic Press (2006).

Affiliations and Expertise

CNR Anaerobies et Botulisme, Unite Bacteries anaerobies et Toxines, Institut Pasteur, FRANCE

Reviews

“The title of this book says it all – this volume is encyclopedic, thorough, and as complete as any book of this type could be. …This book is a pièce de résistance. The editors are to be congratulated on producing a revised edition with vitality. They have successfully met all of the challenges posed in knitting diverse contributions together. The Comprehensive Sourcebook of Bacterial Protein Toxins will be an authoritative reference work for many years. Every medical school and university library must have a copy. For the individual purchaser, it will be a worthwhile investment and a treasure trove of information.” - Cyril J. Smith, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland for CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES (Sept 2006) "Doody's 3 Star Review: This book presents an overview of current approaches to protein structure prediction. Beginning with very basic concepts, there is a transition to modern methods with a strong (and logical) emphasis on computational approaches...This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the techniques commonly employed in [the] field...This is a concise, well written overview of the field. More technical manuals are available and there is a great deal of primary literature. Nonetheless, this book is of substantial value to younger scientists." - Eugene A Davidson, PhD, Georgetown University School of Medicine (2006)