The Coal Handbook: Towards Cleaner Production

The Coal Handbook: Towards Cleaner Production

Volume 1: Coal Production

1st Edition - October 31, 2013

Write a review

  • Editor: Dave Osborne
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097309
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780857094223

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (EPub, PDF, Mobi)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


Coal is an important fossil fuel resource for many nations due to its large remaining resources, relatively low production and processing cost and potential high energy intensity. Certain issues surround its utilisation, however, including emissions of pollutants and growing concern about climate change. The coal handbook: Towards cleaner production Volume 1 reviews the coal production supply chain from analysis to extraction and distribution.Part one explores coal characterisation and introduces the industrial use of coal as well as coal formation, petrography, reserves, sampling and analysis. Part two moves on to review coal extraction and preparation. Chapters highlight advances in coal mining technology, underground coal gas extraction, coal sizing, comminution and cleaning, and solid-liquid separation technologies for coal. Further chapters focus on economic factors affecting coal preparation, post-treatment of coal, coal tailings treatment, and the optimisation, simulation and control of coal preparation plants. Finally, part three considers aspects of the coal supply chain including the management approach and individual functions such as coal blending and homogenisation, transportation and handling along the entire supply chain.With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, The coal handbook Volumes 1 and 2 is a comprehensive and invaluable resource for professionals in the coal mining, preparation, and utilisation industry, those in the power sector, including plant operators and engineers, and researchers and academics interested in this field.

Key Features

  • Reviews the coal production supply chain from analysis to extraction and distribution
  • Explores coal characterisation, formation, petrography, reserves, sampling and analysis
  • Examines coal extraction and preparation and highlights advances in coal mining technology, underground coal gas extraction, coal sizing, comminution and cleaning, and solid-liquid separation technologies


Experts, engineers and managers in research institutes for mining, metallurgy and materials science, steel industry, mining companies and steel plant building companies; University students and academics in the fields of metallurgy and materials engineering, mining, and environmental management and recycling

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy



    Professor Peter Fečko

    Part I: Introduction and coal characterization

    Chapter 1: Industrial uses of coal


    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Coal use in the power generation industry

    1.3 Coal use in the steel industry

    1.4 Coal use in the cement industry

    1.5 Coal conversion and other industries

    1.6 In situ gasification

    1.7 Conclusion

    Chapter 2: Coal formation


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Coal formation

    2.3 Coal types

    2.4 Differences in coalification history

    2.5 Coal properties and standards for coal classification systems

    2.6 Sources of further information and advice

    2.7 Future trends

    2.8 References

    Chapter 3: Coal petrography


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Macerals and minerals in coal

    3.3 Lithotypes, microlithotypes and abnormal conditions found in coal

    3.4 The impact of petrographic characteristics on the technological properties of coal

    3.5 Development of modern techniques in coal petrographic analysis

    3.6 Conclusion

    Chapter 4: Coal resources and reserves


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Classification of coal resources and reserves

    4.3 Calculation of coal resources and reserves

    4.4 Reporting of coal resources and reserves

    4.5 World coal reserves

    4.6 Future trends

    4.7 References

    Chapter 5: Coal sampling


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Accounting for heterogeneity in coal sampling

    5.3 Other principles of sampling

    5.4 Types of sampling systems

    5.5 Sample preparation

    5.6 Future trends

    5.7 Conclusion

    5.8 References

    Chapter 6: Coal analysis


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Typical metallurgical (coking) and thermal coal tests

    6.3 Proximate analysis

    6.4 Sulfur

    6.5 Calorific value

    6.6 Ultimate analysis

    6.7 Carbonate carbon

    6.8 Common thermal coal tests

    6.9 Common coking coal tests

    6.10 Petrographic analysis

    6.11 Further considerations and future trends

    6.12 Appendix: standards for coal quality evaluation

    Part II: Coal extraction and preparation

    Chapter 7: Advances in coal mining technology


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Coal extraction methods

    7.3 Advances in mining technology

    7.4 Systems and information

    7.5 Automation in practice

    7.6 Future trends and conclusions

    7.7 References

    Chapter 8: Underground coal gasification


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Lessons learnt from previous trials

    8.3 Impact of new technologies

    8.4 Current trends

    8.5 Conclusion and future trends

    8.6 References

    Chapter 9: Coal comminution and sizing


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Coal breakers, crushers and sizers

    9.3 Coal sizing: an introduction

    9.4 Coal screening and classification

    9.5 Conclusion

    9.6 References

    Chapter 10: Cleaning of coarse and small coal


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Theory

    10.3 Dense medium separation

    10.4 Wet gravity separation

    10.5 Dry separation

    10.6 Conclusion and future trends

    10.7 Sources of further information and advice

    10.8 References

    Chapter 11: Cleaning of fine and ultrafine coal


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Fine gravity separators

    11.3 Froth flotation technologies and circuit variations

    11.4 Dry fine coal separations

    11.5 Future trends

    11.6 References

    Chapter 12: Surface chemistry fundamentals in fine coal processing


    12.1 Surface properties of coal

    12.2 Coal flotation

    12.3 Solid–liquid separation

    12.4 Fine coal handleability

    12.5 Rheology effects in fine coal processing

    12.6 References

    Chapter 13: Solid–liquid separation technologies for coal


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Overview of solid–liquid separation (SLS)

    13.3 Pre-treatment

    13.4 Centrifugal SLS

    13.5 Vacuum filtration

    13.6 Pressure filtration

    13.7 Thermal drying

    13.8 SLS equipment selection

    13.9 Emerging and future trends

    13.10 Conclusion

    13.11 Sources of further information and advice

    13.12 References

    Chapter 14: Economic factors affecting coal preparation: plant design worldwide and case studies illustrating economic impact


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Current steam coal circuit design

    14.3 Current metallurgical coal circuit design

    14.4 Case studies

    14.5 Poorly liberated coal

    14.6 Water constrained plants

    14.7 Future trends

    14.8 References

    Chapter 15: Post-treatment of coal


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Estimating required liberation size

    15.3 Milling coal for liberation

    15.4 Chemically treating raw coal for liberation

    15.5 Beneficiation

    15.6 Chemical cleaning

    15.7 Dewatering

    15.8 Drying

    15.9 Separation of clays

    15.10 Other technologies

    15.11 Acknowledgements

    15.12 References

    15.13 Appendix: Nomenclature and abbreviations used

    Chapter 16: Treatment of coal tailings


    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Thickening

    16.3 Tailings’ dewatering technologies

    16.4 Water recirculation, discharge and process control

    16.5 Conclusion and future trends

    Chapter 17: Optimization, simulation and control of coal preparation plants


    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Yield maximization

    17.3 Circuit simulation

    17.4 Industrial case studies

    17.5 Conclusion

    17.6 Future trends

    17.7 References

    Part III: Coal supply chain

    Chapter 18: Supply chain management for bulk materials in the coal industry


    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Implementation approach

    18.3 The raw material value chain

    18.4 Customer-related management aspects

    18.5 Optimisation

    18.6 Future trends

    18.7 References

    Chapter 19: Coal conveying


    19.1 Introduction to belt conveyor technology

    19.2 Belt selection

    19.3 Design of large conveyor systems

    19.4 Integrated crushing systems

    19.5 References

    Chapter 20: Coal handling along the supply chain


    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Conveying

    20.3 Coal storage

    20.4 Shiploading/unloading and trainloading/ unloading

    20.5 Crushing stations

    20.6 Auxiliaries

    20.7 Conclusion

    Chapter 21: Transportation by rail and sea in the coal industry


    21.1 Introduction: the coal transportation system

    21.2 Rail car loading

    21.3 Ships and ship loading: fundamental issues

    21.4 Achieving high shiploading rates and safe carriage of cargo

    21.5 Deballasting and transportable moisture limit (TML)

    21.6 Pit-to-port and end-user simulation

    21.7 Optimization of existing facilities

    21.8 Delivery–cycle challenges

    21.9 Trends in cargo shipping

    21.10 Trends in terminal developments

    21.11 Coal port and shipping route projects in planning or progress

    21.12 Conclusion

    21.13 Dedication

    21.14 References

    21.15 Appendix: common shipping terms


Product details

  • No. of pages: 776
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2013
  • Published: October 31, 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097309
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780857094223

About the Editor

Dave Osborne

Dave Osborne is a coal technology specialist with global experience in coal preparation, quality assurance and technical marketing through direct involvement in all facets of the subject area. He is internationally renowned and actively involved in international professional institutions and organisations. Dave’s experience includes Head of Coal Technology for Anglo American Coal and Group Manager of Coal Technology for Xstrata Coal. Dave has a Bachelor of Mining Engineering and PhD in Applied Science from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne. Dave also earned a postgraduate certificate in Logistics and Supply Chain Management from the Pennsylvania State University.

Affiliations and Expertise

Industry Advisor, Somerset International Australia Pty Ltd, Brisbane Qld, Australia

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

Latest reviews

(Total rating for all reviews)

  • DavidPattinson Mon Jun 10 2019

    The Coal Handbook: Towards Cleaner Production?

    A useful textbook on the subject