The Chlorophylls

The Chlorophylls

1st Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Editors: Leo P. Vernon, Gilbert R. Seely
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483267722

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The Chlorophylls reviews developments in study of chlorophylls, and at the same time summarizes the state of knowledge in the more established areas of the physics, chemistry, and biology of chlorophylls. The book is organized into four sections. The first section deals with the chlorophylls as chemical entities, and treats their isolation, analysis, chemistry, and synthesis. The second concerns chlorophylls in real and colloidal solution and in the solid state in vitro, and includes the effects of aggregation on visible, infrared, and NMR spectral properties. The third section treats the biosynthesis, organization, and properties of chlorophylls in the plant and bacterial cell, and the fourth is concerned with the photochemical and photophysical behavior of chlorophylls in vitro and in vivo. It is hoped that this work will help those investigating selected aspects of chlorophyll to keep abreast of other methods and approaches, and will provide the interested scientist with a modern, conceptually organized treatment of the subject.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    List of Abbreviations

    Section I Isolation and Chemistry

    1. The Chlorophylls—an Introductory Survey

    I. Introduction

    II. Chemical Structures

    III. Function


    2. Extraction, Separation, Estimation, and Isolation of the Chlorophylls

    I. Basis of Interest in Analytical Methods

    II. Nature of Chlorophylls

    III. Individual Chlorophylls

    IV. Desiderata for Estimation of Chlorophylls

    V. Alteration Products

    VI. Extraction of Chlorophylls

    VII. Estimation of Chlorophylls

    VIII. Preparation of Chlorophylls


    3. The Structure and Chemistry of Functional Groups

    I. General Aspects

    II. Chemistry of Functional Groups


    4. Recently Characterized Chlorophylls

    I. Introduction

    II. Chlorophyll d

    III. Chlorobium Chlorophylls 650 and 660

    IV. Chlorophyllide(s) c

    V. Bacteriochlorophyll b

    VI. Seed-Coat Protochlorophyll

    VII. "P750" of Blue-Green Algae

    VIII. "F698"

    IX. Chlorophyll e


    5. The Synthesis of Chlorophyll a

    I. Introduction

    II. Hans Fischer's Work on the Synthesis of Chlorophyll a

    III. Woodward's Synthesis of Chlorophyll a


    Section II Physical Properties in Solution and in Aggregates

    6. Visible Absorption and Fluorescence of Chlorophyll and Its Aggregates in Solution

    I. Absorption and Fluorescence Spectra of Monodisperse Chlorophylls and Pheophytins

    II. Absorption and Fluorescence of Chlorophyll Aggregates

    III. Fluorescence and Other Luminescence Properties of Chlorophylls and Analogs


    7. Infrared and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Chlorophyll

    I. Introduction

    II. Infrared Spectra

    III. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra

    IV. Applications of Infrared and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

    V. Concluding Remarks


    8. Some Properties of Chlorophyll Monolayers and Crystalline Chlorophyll

    I. Introduction

    II. Chlorophyll Monolayers

    III. Crystalline Chlorophyll


    Section III State of the Chlorophylls in the Cell

    9. Chloroplast Structure

    I. Introduction

    II. The Chloroplast as a Complete Photosynthetic System

    III. Structure of Chloroplasts as Revealed by Light Microscopy

    IV. Structure of Chloroplasts as Revealed by Electron Microscopy

    V. Distribution of Function within Chloroplasts


    10. The Procaryotic Photosynthetic Apparatus

    I. Introduction

    II. Structure

    III. Control of Photopigment Synthesis


    11. Spectral Characteristics of Chlorophyll in Green Plants

    I. Introduction

    II. Early Evidence for an "Inactive" Form of Chlorophyll a

    III. Absorption Spectroscopy

    IV. Two Photosynthetic Pigment Systems

    V. Chlorophyll Transformation during Chloroplast Development

    VI. Flourescence

    VII. Orientation of Chlorophyll In Vivo

    VIII. Conclusion


    12. Absorption and Fluorescence Spectra of Bacterial Chlorophylls In Situ

    I. Introduction

    II. Bacteriochlorophylls

    III. Chlorobium Chlorophylls

    IV. Discussion


    13. Chlorophyll-Protein Complexes

    Part I. Complexes Derived from Green Plants

    Part II. Complexes Derived from Green Photosynthetic Bacteria

    Part III. Optical Rotatory Dispersion of Chlorophyll-Containing Particles from Green Plants and Photosynthetic Bacteria

    14. Protochlorophyll

    I. Introduction

    II. Properties of Protochlorophyll

    III. Protochlorophyll In Vivo

    IV. Protochlorophyll Holochrome In Vitro


    15. The Biosynthesis of Chlorophylls

    I. Pathways in the Formation of Chlorophylls

    II. The Control of Chlorophyll Metabolism


    16. Distribution of the Chlorophylls

    I. Introduction

    II. Chlorophylls of Oxygen-Evolving Photosynthetic Organisms

    III. Bacterial Chlorophylls

    IV. Concluding Remarks


    Section IV Photochemistry and Photophysics

    17. Photochemistry of Chlorophylls In Vitro

    I. Introduction

    II. The Initiation of Photochemical Processes by Chlorophylls

    III. Photochemical Reactions of Chlorophylls


    18. Photochemistry of Chlorophyll In Vivo

    I. Introduction

    II. Photoreactions Associated with Pigment System I of Plants

    III. Photoreactions Associated with Pigment System II

    IV. Photoreactions Associated with the Bacterial Systems

    V. Mechanism of Photochemical Reactions In Vivo


    19. Physical Processes Involving Chlorophyll In Vivo

    I. Photosynthetic Units: Light-Harvesting Pigments and Photochemical Reaction Centers

    II. Mechanisms for the Transfer and Utilization of Energy Absorbed in Photosynthetic Tissues

    III. The Significance of Light Emitted by Chlorophylls In Vivo

    IV. Conclusions


    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 696
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1966
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483267722

About the Editors

Leo P. Vernon

Gilbert R. Seely

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