The Chlorophylls - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483232898, 9781483267722

The Chlorophylls

1st Edition

Editors: Leo P. Vernon Gilbert R. Seely
eBook ISBN: 9781483267722
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1966
Page Count: 696
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Description

The Chlorophylls reviews developments in study of chlorophylls, and at the same time summarizes the state of knowledge in the more established areas of the physics, chemistry, and biology of chlorophylls. The book is organized into four sections. The first section deals with the chlorophylls as chemical entities, and treats their isolation, analysis, chemistry, and synthesis. The second concerns chlorophylls in real and colloidal solution and in the solid state in vitro, and includes the effects of aggregation on visible, infrared, and NMR spectral properties. The third section treats the biosynthesis, organization, and properties of chlorophylls in the plant and bacterial cell, and the fourth is concerned with the photochemical and photophysical behavior of chlorophylls in vitro and in vivo. It is hoped that this work will help those investigating selected aspects of chlorophyll to keep abreast of other methods and approaches, and will provide the interested scientist with a modern, conceptually organized treatment of the subject.

Table of Contents


List of Contributors

Preface

List of Abbreviations

Section I Isolation and Chemistry

1. The Chlorophylls—an Introductory Survey

I. Introduction

II. Chemical Structures

III. Function

References

2. Extraction, Separation, Estimation, and Isolation of the Chlorophylls

I. Basis of Interest in Analytical Methods

II. Nature of Chlorophylls

III. Individual Chlorophylls

IV. Desiderata for Estimation of Chlorophylls

V. Alteration Products

VI. Extraction of Chlorophylls

VII. Estimation of Chlorophylls

VIII. Preparation of Chlorophylls

References

3. The Structure and Chemistry of Functional Groups

I. General Aspects

II. Chemistry of Functional Groups

References

4. Recently Characterized Chlorophylls

I. Introduction

II. Chlorophyll d

III. Chlorobium Chlorophylls 650 and 660

IV. Chlorophyllide(s) c

V. Bacteriochlorophyll b

VI. Seed-Coat Protochlorophyll

VII. "P750" of Blue-Green Algae

VIII. "F698"

IX. Chlorophyll e

References

5. The Synthesis of Chlorophyll a

I. Introduction

II. Hans Fischer's Work on the Synthesis of Chlorophyll a

III. Woodward's Synthesis of Chlorophyll a

References

Section II Physical Properties in Solution and in Aggregates

6. Visible Absorption and Fluorescence of Chlorophyll and Its Aggregates in Solution

I. Absorption and Fluorescence Spectra of Monodisperse Chlorophylls and Pheophytins

II. Absorption and Fluorescence of Chlorophyll Aggregates

III. Fluorescence and Other Luminescence Properties of Chlorophylls and Analogs

References

7. Infrared and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Chlorophyll

I. Introduction

II. Infrared Spectra

III. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra

IV. Applications of Infrared and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

V. Concluding Remarks

References

8. Some Properties of Chlorophyll Monolayers and Crystalline Chlorophyll

I. Introduction

II. Chlorophyll Monolayers

III. Crystalline Chlorophyll

References

Section III State of the Chlorophylls in the Cell

9. Chloroplast Structure

I. Introduction

II. The Chloroplast as a Complete Photosynthetic System

III. Structure of Chloroplasts as Revealed by Light Microscopy

IV. Structure of Chloroplasts as Revealed by Electron Microscopy

V. Distribution of Function within Chloroplasts

References

10. The Procaryotic Photosynthetic Apparatus

I. Introduction

II. Structure

III. Control of Photopigment Synthesis

References

11. Spectral Characteristics of Chlorophyll in Green Plants

I. Introduction

II. Early Evidence for an "Inactive" Form of Chlorophyll a

III. Absorption Spectroscopy

IV. Two Photosynthetic Pigment Systems

V. Chlorophyll Transformation during Chloroplast Development

VI. Flourescence

VII. Orientation of Chlorophyll In Vivo

VIII. Conclusion

References

12. Absorption and Fluorescence Spectra of Bacterial Chlorophylls In Situ

I. Introduction

II. Bacteriochlorophylls

III. Chlorobium Chlorophylls

IV. Discussion

References

13. Chlorophyll-Protein Complexes

Part I. Complexes Derived from Green Plants

Part II. Complexes Derived from Green Photosynthetic Bacteria

Part III. Optical Rotatory Dispersion of Chlorophyll-Containing Particles from Green Plants and Photosynthetic Bacteria

14. Protochlorophyll

I. Introduction

II. Properties of Protochlorophyll

III. Protochlorophyll In Vivo

IV. Protochlorophyll Holochrome In Vitro

References

15. The Biosynthesis of Chlorophylls

I. Pathways in the Formation of Chlorophylls

II. The Control of Chlorophyll Metabolism

References

16. Distribution of the Chlorophylls

I. Introduction

II. Chlorophylls of Oxygen-Evolving Photosynthetic Organisms

III. Bacterial Chlorophylls

IV. Concluding Remarks

References

Section IV Photochemistry and Photophysics

17. Photochemistry of Chlorophylls In Vitro

I. Introduction

II. The Initiation of Photochemical Processes by Chlorophylls

III. Photochemical Reactions of Chlorophylls

References

18. Photochemistry of Chlorophyll In Vivo

I. Introduction

II. Photoreactions Associated with Pigment System I of Plants

III. Photoreactions Associated with Pigment System II

IV. Photoreactions Associated with the Bacterial Systems

V. Mechanism of Photochemical Reactions In Vivo

References

19. Physical Processes Involving Chlorophyll In Vivo

I. Photosynthetic Units: Light-Harvesting Pigments and Photochemical Reaction Centers

II. Mechanisms for the Transfer and Utilization of Energy Absorbed in Photosynthetic Tissues

III. The Significance of Light Emitted by Chlorophylls In Vivo

IV. Conclusions

References

Author Index

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
696
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1966
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9781483267722

About the Editor

Leo P. Vernon

Gilbert R. Seely