Description

Respiration is one of the most basic motor activities crucial for survival of the individual. It is under total control of the central nervous system, which adjusts respiratory depth and frequency depending on the circumstances the individual finds itself. For this reason this volume not only reviews the basic control systems of respiration, located in the caudal brainstem, but also the higher brain regions, that change depth and frequency of respiration. Scientific knowledge of these systems is crucial for understanding the problems in the many patients suffering from respiratory failure.

Key Features

  • This well-established international series examines major areas of basic and clinical research within neuroscience, as well as emerging subfields

Readership

This volume not only provides essential information for neuroscientists involved in respiration research, but also for clinicians treating patients with respiratory problems

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Chapter 1: Rhythmic Bursting in the Pre-Bötzinger Complex: Mechanisms and Models
    • Abstract
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Methods
    • 3 Results
    • 4 Discussion
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 2: Effects of Glycinergic Inhibition Failure on Respiratory Rhythm and Pattern Generation
    • Abstract
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Materials and Methods
    • 3 Results
    • 4 Discussion
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 3: Morphological Characterization of Respiratory Neurons in the Pre-Bötzinger Complex
    • Abstract
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Materials and Methods
    • 3 Results
    • 4 Discussion
    • 5 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 4: Cytoarchitecture and CO2 Sensitivity of Phox2b-Positive Parafacial Neurons in the Newborn Rat Medulla
    • Abstract
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Distribution of pFRG/Pre-I Neurons and Phox2b-Expressing Cells
    • 3 CO2 Sensitivity of pFRG/Pre-I Neurons and Their Histological Characteristics
    • 4 Ionic Mechanisms of CO2 Sensitivity
    • 5 Conclusion
    • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 5: Contributions of the Pre-Bötzinger Complex and the Kölliker-Fuse Nuclei to Respiratory Rhythm and Pattern Generation in Awake and Sleeping Goats
    • Abstract
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Experimental Design and Methodology
    • 3 Results
    • 4 Major Conclusions Comparing Data of the Three Studies
    • Acknowledgment
  • Chapter 6: The Integrative Role of the Sigh in Psychology, Physiology, Pathology, and Neurobiology
    • Abstract
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Sighs May Signal Changes in Behavioral State
    • 3 Sighs and the Control of Arousal
    • 4 Sighs and Their Implications for SIDS and Other Pathologies
    • 5 Sighs Homeostatically Reset Breathin

Details

No. of pages:
440
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
Print ISBN:
9780444632746
Electronic ISBN:
9780444632760