The Biology of Nematocysts

The Biology of Nematocysts

1st Edition - December 28, 1988

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  • Editor: Howard Lenhoff
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144629

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Description

The Biology of Nematocysts is derived from a symposium dedicated to the exclusive discussion on the biology of nematocysts and cnidocytes. This book is basically a collection of the submitted reviews of contributors and research proceedings presented at the symposium. An introduction on the recognition and discovery of both cnidarians and nematocyst aptly begins the discussion in the book. The first chapter serves as an advanced reading that helps readers be familiarized with the terms used in the entire volume. The following chapters are subdivided into six parts, including topics on the ultrastructure, development, control and morphodynamics of discharge, biochemistry, and natural history. The multidisciplinary approach of the main themes is intended to fully understand the unique qualities of the intracellular structure of nematocyst. This volume will be of great benefit to students and researchers in biological science, cell biology, zoology, microbiology, and general physiology.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Introduction: How the Animal Nature of Marine Cnidarians was Recognized and the Nematocyst Discovered

    1. Colloquium on Terminology

    I. Ultrastructure

    2. Survey of the Ultrastructure of Cnidocytes

    3. Presumed Neuronematocyte Synapses and Possible Pathways Controlling Discharge of a Battery of Nematocysts in Hydra

    4. The Cnidocil Apparatus of Hydrozoans: A Progenitor of Metazoan Mechanoreceptors?

    5. Ultrastructure of the Small Cnidocyte of the Portuguese Man-of-War (Physalia physalis) Tentacle

    6. X-Ray Microanalysis and Perspectives on the Role of Calcium and Other Elements in Cnida

    II Development

    7. The Nematocyte: An Encapsulation of Developmental Processes

    8. Migration of Nematocytes in Hydrozoans

    9. Ultrastructure and Cytochemistry of Developing Nematocysts

    10. The Formation of Cnidocyte Patterns in Siphonophores

    11. Problems of Supply and Demand for Cnidae in Anthozoa

    12. Control of Nematocyte Differentiation in Hydra

    III. Control and Morphodynamics of Discharge

    13. Control of Discharge: Factors Affecting Discharge of Cnidae

    14. Localization of a Purported Chemoreceptor Involved in Triggering Cnida Discharge in Sea Anemones

    15. On the Preparation and Properties of Isolated Cnidocytes and Cnidae

    16. The Role of Nematocysts in Anthozoan Aggression

    17. History and Current State of Knowledge Concerning Discharge of Cnidae

    IV. Biochemistry

    18. Nematocyst Venoms and Toxins

    19. Characterization of Nematocyst Venoms

    20. Sea Anemone Toxins: Structure and Action

    21. The Chemistry of Cnidae

    22. Chemistry of Hydra Nematocysts

    V. Natural History

    23. Nudibranch Nematocysts

    24. The Correlation Between Nematocyst Types and Diets in Pelagic Hydrozoa

    25. Importance of Nematocysts to Actinian Taxonomy

    26. Nematocysts as Taxonomic Criteria within the Family Campanulariidae, Hydrozoa

    VI. Contributed Papers

    27. Functional Anatomy of Nematocyte Innervation in Battery Cell Complexes of the Hydra Tentacle

    28. Towards a Neuroethology of Nematocyst Discharge in the Tentacles of Hydra

    29. Direct Observation of Hemolytic Activity Associated with Single Nematocysts

    30. Dynamics of Release of Free Calcium during the Discharge of Holotrichous Isorhiza of Nematocysts of Pelagia noctiluca

    31. Polymerized Actin in the Apical Region of Hydra Nematocytes

    32. The Allometry of Nematocysts

    Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 612
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1988
  • Published: December 28, 1988
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323144629

About the Editor

Howard Lenhoff

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