The Biology and Identification of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa) of Rabbits of the World

The Biology and Identification of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa) of Rabbits of the World

1st Edition - May 14, 2013
This is the Latest Edition
  • Authors: Donald Duszynski, Lee Couch
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123978998
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123979100

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Description

The Biology and Identification of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa) of Rabbits of the World is a taxonomic summation of a damaging intestinal parasite found in rabbits and transmissible to other species, including humans. This book conceptually and historically summarizes the world's literature on the parasite and also provides a quick guide to isolation procedures, identification, strategies for management, and available chemotherapy. It is a vital source of knowledge about coccidia’s real and potential transmission to humans, which can lead to dangerous health problems, like severe dehydration, vomiting, lethargy and even death. Coccidiosis is an intestinal disease that affects several different animal species, including canines and humans, and is one of the most prevalent protozoal infections in North America. The causative agent is a protozoan that has the ability to multiply rapidly and cause major damage in the intestinal wall, rupturing the cells of the intestinal lining. The final stage, the oocyst, is extremely resistant to environmental stress and is difficult to completely remove from the environment. Oocysts are frequent contaminants of feed and water and when the sporulated oocysts are ingested by other animals, they start the life cycle over in the new host. With the demand for rabbits in scientific research and for rabbit meat for human consumption increasingly globally each year, rabbits are of epidemiologic significance for laboratory workers, university researchers, veterinarians, pet owners, and breeders.

Key Features

  • Evaluates the scientific and scholarly merit of each of the publications written about coccidian from every rabbit species, providing a complete historical rendition
  • A treatise for the identification of coccidia and their treatment as needed
  • Written in a style that can be understood by most educated lay persons and laboratory workers
  • Written by the first ranked author team among the world-class parasitologists who study coccidia
  • Combined in one single source, this book follows the gold standards in coccidian biology and identification
  • Brings all that information together in one volume and solves the problems faced by researchers, veterinarians, students and others in trying to find and navigate through this scattered literature

Readership

Researchers in biology, parasitology, animal husbandry, rabbit raising, diseases of wild and domestic animals, veterinary medicine, faculty members in universities with graduate programs in these areas, colleges of veterinary medicine and agricultures, practicing veterinarians, farmers, students and other individuals involved in 4H (4-H is a youth organization administered by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Preface and Acknowledgments

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    Rabbits are Food, Pets, Lab Animals, and Pests

    Rabbits and the History of Discovery of the Coccidia

    High Prevalence and Multiple Species

    An Emerging Disease Problem

    Coccidiosis: Disease, Symptoms, Perpetrators

    Epidemiology of Disease in Rabbits and its Limitations

    The Species Concept

    Taxonomy and Systematics Crises Affect Biodiversity

    Modern DNA Taxonomy

    Taxonomy vs. Barcoding

    Parasites, Shrinking Ecosystems, and Disease

    Chapter 2. Lagomorpha Origins and Diversification

    Lagomorph Biodiversity and Familial Relationships

    Phylogenetic Relationships and Historical Biogeography

    Chapter 3. Coccidia (Eimeriidae) of the Family Ochotonidae: Genus Ochotona

    Introduction

    Family Ochotonidae Thomas, 1897

    Eimeria banffensis Lepp, Todd & Samuel, 1973

    Eimeria barretti Lepp, Todd & Samuel, 1972

    Eimeria calentinei Duszynski & Brunson, 1973

    Eimeria circumborealis Hobbs & Samuel, 1974

    Eimeria cryptobarretti Duszynski & Brunson, 1973

    Eimeria daurica Matschoulsky, 1947a

    Eimeria erschovi Matschoulsky, 1949

    Eimeria haibeiensis Yi-Fan, Run-Roung, Jian-Hua, Jiang-Hui & Duszynski, 2009

    Eimeria klondikensis Hobbs & Samuel, 1974

    Eimeria metelkini Matschoulsky, 1949

    Eimeria ochotona Matschoulsky, 1949

    Eimeria princepsis Duszynski & Brunson, 1973

    Eimeria qinghaiensisYi-Fan, Run-Roung, Jian-Hua, Jiang-Hui & Duszynski, 2009

    Eimeria worleyiLepp, Todd & Samuel, 1972

    Isospora marquardti Duszynski & Brunson, 1972

    Isospora yukonensis Hobbs & Samuel, 1974

    Species Inquirendae (5+)

    Discussion and Summary

    Chapter 4. Coccidia (Eimeriidae) from the Family Leporidae: Genus Brachylagus

    Family Leporidae Fischer, 1817

    Chapter 5. Coccidia (Eimeriidae) from the Family Leporidae: Genus Lepus

    Introduction

    Host Genus Lepus Linnaeus, 1758

    Eimeria athabascensis Samoil & Samuel, 1977a

    Eimeria audubonii Duszynski & Marquardt, 1969 (Figures 7.2, 7.3)

    Eimeria bainae Aoutil, Bertani, Bordes, Snounou, Chabaud & Landau, 2005

    Eimeria cabareti Aoutil, Bertani, cordes, Snounou, Chabaud & Landau, 2005

    Eimeria campania (Carvalho, 1943) Levine & Ivens, 1972

    Eimeria coquelinae Aoutil, Bertani, Bordes, Snounou, Chabaud & Landau, 2005

    Eimeria europaea Pellérdy, 1956

    Eimeria exigua Yakimoff, 1934 (Figures 6.4, 6.5)

    Eimeria gantieri Aoutil, Bertani, Bordes, Snounou, Chabaud & Landau, 2005

    Eimeria gobiensis Gardner, Saggerman, Batsaikan, Ganzorig, Tinnin & Duszynski, 2009

    Eimeria groenlandica Madsen, 1938 Emend. Levine & Ivens, 1972

    Eimeria holmesi Samoil & Samuel, 1977a

    Eimeria hungarica Pellérdy, 1956

    Eimeria intestinalis Cheissin, 1948 (Figures 6.8, 6.9)

    Eimeria irresidua Kessel & Jankiewicz, 1931 (Figures 6.10, 6.11)

    Eimeria keithi Samoil & Samuel, 1977a

    Eimeria lapierrei Aoutil, Bertani, Bordes, Snounou, Chabaud & Landau, 2005

    Eimeria leporis Nieschulz, 1923

    Eimeria macrosculpta Sugár, 1979

    Eimeria magna Pérard, 1925b (Figures 6.12, 6.13)

    Eimeria matsubayashii Tsunoda, 1952 (Figure 6.14)

    Eimeria media Kessel, 1929 (Figures 6.15, 6.16)

    Eimeria minima Carvalho, 1943 (Figure 7.11)

    Eimeria neoleporis Carvalho, 1942 (Figure 7.14)

    Eimeria nicolegerae Aoutil, Bertani, Bordes, Snounou, Chabaud & Landau, 2005

    Eimeria perforans (Leuckart, 1879) Sluiter & Schwellengrebed, 1912 (Figures 6.19, 6.20)

    Eimeria pierrecouderti Aoutil, Bertani, Bordes, Snounou, Chabaud & Landau, 2005

    Eimeria piriformis Kotlán & Pospesch, 1934 (Figures 6.21, 6.22)

    Eimeria punjabensis Gill & Ray, 1960

    Eimeria reniai Aoutil, Bertani, Bordes, Snounou, Chabaud & Landau, 2005

    Eimeria robertsoni (Madsen, 1938) Carvalho, 1943

    Eimeria rochesterensis Samoil & Samuel, 1977a

    Eimeria rowani Samoil & Samuel, 1977a

    Eimeria ruficaudati Gill & Ray, 1960

    Eimeria sculpta Madsen, 1938

    Eimeria semisculpta (Madsen, 1938) Pellérdy, 1956

    Eimeria septentrionalis Yakimoff, Matschoulsky & Spartansky, 1936

    Eimeria stefanskii Pastuszko, 1961a

    Eimeria stiedai (Lindemann, 1865) Kisskalt and Hartmann, 1907 (Figures 6.25, 6.26)

    Eimeria sylvilagi Carini, 1940 (Figure 7.19)

    Eimeria tailliezi Aoutil, Bertani, Bordes, Snounou, Chabaud & Landau, 2005

    Eimeria townsendi (Carvalho, 1943) Pellérdy, 1956

    Species Inquirendae (7)

    Discussion and Summary

    Chapter 6. Coccidia (Eimeriidae) of the Family Leporidae: Genus Oryctolagus

    Introduction

    Host Genus Oryctolagus Lilljeborg, 1874

    Eimeria exigua Yakimoff, 1934

    Eimeria flavescens Marotel & Guilhon, 1941

    Eimeria intestinalis Cheissin, 1948

    Eimeria irresidua Kessel & Jankiewicz, 1931

    Eimeria leporis Nieschulz, 1923 (Figures 5.26, 5.27)

    Eimeria magna Pérard, 1925b

    Eimeria matsubayashii Tsunoda, 1952

    Eimeria media Kessel & Jankiewicz, 1931

    Eimeria nagpurensis Gill & Ray, 1960

    Eimeria neoleporis Carvalho, 1942 (Figure 7.14)

    Eimeria oryctolagi Ray & Banik, 1965b

    Eimeria perforans (Leuckart, 1879) Sluiter & Swellengrebel, 1912

    Eimeria piriformis Kotlán & Pospesch, 1934

    Eimeria roobroucki Grés, Marchandeau & Landau, 2002

    Eimeria stiedai (Lindemann, 1865) Kisskalt & Hartmann, 1907

    Eimeria vejdovskyi (Pakandl, 1988) Pakandl & Coudert, 1999

    Species Inquirendae (1)

    Discussion and Summary

    Chapter 7. Coccidia (Eimeriidae) of the Family Leporidae: Genus Sylvilagus

    Introduction

    Host Genus Sylvilagus Gray, 1867

    Eimeria azul Wiggins and Rothenbacher, 1979

    Eimeria environ Honess, 1939

    Eimeria exigua Yakimoff, 1934 (Figures 6.4, 6.5)

    Eimeria honessi (Carvalho, 1943) Emend. Levine and Ivens, 1972 and Pellérdy, 1974

    Eimeria irresidua Kessel and Jankiewicz, 1931 (Figures 6.10, 6.11)

    Eimeria leporis Nieschulz, 1923 (Figures 5.26, 5.27)

    Eimeria magna Pérard, 1925b (Figures 6.12, 6.13)

    Eimeria maior Honess, 1939

    Eimeria media Kessel & Jankiewicz, 1931 (Figures 6.15, 6.16)

    Eimeria minima Carvalho, 1943

    Eimeria neoirresidua Duszynski and Marquardt, 1969

    Eimeria neoleporis Carvalho, 1942

    Eimeria paulistana Da Fonseca, 1933

    Eimeria perforans (Leuckart, 1879) Sluiter and Swellengrebel, 1912 (Figures 6.19, 6.20)

    Eimeria pintoensis da Fonseca, 1932

    Eimeria poudrei Duszynski and Marquardt, 1969

    Eimeria stiedai (Lindemann, 1865) Kisskalt and Hartmann, 1907 (Figures 6.25, 6.26)

    Eimeria sylvilagi Carini, 1940

    Species inquirendae (3)

    Discussion and Summary

    Chapter 8. Sarcocystidae Poche, 1913, the Predator-Prey Coccidia in Rabbits: Besnoitia, Sarcocystis, Toxoplasma

    Introduction

    Sarcocystinae Poche, 1913

    Family Ochotonidae Thomas, 1897

    Family Leporidae G. Fischer, 1817

    Host Genus Oryctolagus Lilljeborg, 1874

    Host Genus Sylvilagus Gray, 1867

    Sarcocystis Species Inquirendae (13)

    Family Leporidae G. Fischer, 1817

    Host Genus Sylvilagus Gray, 1867

    Toxoplasmatinae Biocca, 1957

    Family Ochotonidae Thomas, 1897

    Family Leporidae G. Fischer, 1817

    Host Genus Oryctolagus Lilljeborg, 1874

    Natural Infections of Besnoitia in Rabbits

    Host Genus Sylvilagus Gray, 1867

    Besnoitia Species Inquirendae (2)

    Toxoplasma Nicolle and Manceaux, 1909, in Rabbits

    Family Ochotonidae Thomas, 1897

    Family Leporidae G. Fischer, 1817

    Host Genus Oryctolagus Lilljeborg, 1874

    Host Genus Sylvilagus Gray, 1867

    Clinical Toxoplasmosis

    Chapter 9. Cryptosporidium and Cryptosporidiosis in Rabbits

    Introduction

    Cryptosporidium in Rabbits

    Family Leporidae G. Fischer, 1817

    Species Inquirendae (2)

    Zoonotic Potential of Rabbit Coccidia

    Chapter 10. Strategies for Management, Control, and Chemotherapy

    Introduction

    Management

    Generic Methods of Control

    Immunological Control

    Chemotherapy/Chemoprophylaxis

    Chapter 11. Summary and Conclusions

    Introduction

    Oocyst Size, Structures and their Stability

    Localization in the Rabbit Host: Tissue, Cells, and Parasite Development

    Prepatent Period

    Patency

    Sporulation

    Detection and Identification: Morphological, Immunological, Molecular

    Oocyst Survival

    Prevention of Contamination

    Transmission: Entry of Oocysts into the Host

    Excystation of Oocysts in the Digestive Tract

    Endogenous Development and Some Peculiarities

    Host Specificity and Cross-Transmission

    Pathology

    Phylogenetic Relationships of Rabbit Eimerians

    Glossary and List of Abbreviations

    Literature Cited (∗) and Related References

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 352
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2013
  • Published: May 14, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123978998
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123979100

About the Authors

Donald Duszynski

Donald Duszynski
Dr. Duszynski, is Professor Emeritus Biology and past Chair of the Department of Biology, The University of New Mexico (UNM). He spent 33 years in academia, publishing numerous articles, monographs, and books, secured private, state and federal grants exceeding $8 million, and mentored > 25 masters and doctoral students and numerous undergraduates in his laboratory, before spending 8 years in administration. During his 41 year tenure at UNM, he taught many courses including parasitology, tropical biology and marine invertebrate biology, and took >1000 students to the neotropics (Belize, Jamaica, Mexico). Don has been a Visiting Research Associate Professor, Department of Physiology & Biochemistry, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, a Visiting Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, and Visiting Research Scholar, Kyoto University, Japan. Among the honors received are the Distinguished Service Award and the Clark P. Read Mentor Award from the American Society of Parasitologists (ASP), and the Distinguished Alumnus Award from the Department of Biology, Colorado State University.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA

Lee Couch

Lee Couch
Lee Couch is Principal Lecturer of Biology, also at the University of New Mexico (UNM). She has taught Introductory Biology, Microbiology, Parasitology, and Tropical Biology. Lee also is the Coordinator of the Microbiology Culture Center and Microbiology Labs for the Deptartment of Biology at UNM and focuses her teaching on Microbiology for the Health Sciences. She is the author of two lab manuals: Biology for the Health Sciences and Microbiology for the Health Sciences. She is a past president of the Southwestern Association of Parasitologists and was the Chair for the American Society of Parasitologists Education Committee for 5 years. Her current research interests are in the analysis of the parasite loads of various species of wild animals from Africa, Japan, Europe, Russia, Alaska and Central and South America. In addition, Lee is a Volunteer Firefighter and Nationally Registered Advanced EMT (NRAEMT) working for her local Sandoval County Fire Department and the NM Medical Reserve Corps.