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The Biology and Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121680503, 9781483271149

The Biology and Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms

1st Edition

Editors: S. T. Chang W. A. Hayes
Hardcover ISBN: 9780121680503
Paperback ISBN: 9781483237176
eBook ISBN: 9781483271149
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1978
Page Count: 842
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The Biology and Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms emphasizes the biological and cultivation aspects of edible mushrooms. This book refers to edible mushrooms as epigeous and hypogeous fruiting bodies of macroscopic fungi that are commercially cultivated or grown in half-culture processes or potentially implanted under controlled conditions. The topics discussed include the morphology and classification of edible mushrooms; cryogenic freezing of mushroom spawn; spawning and mycelium growth; and cultivation of Pleurotus. The geographic distribution of truffles; potential cultivation of various edible fungi; and economics of cultivated mushrooms are also elaborated. This publication is intended for experienced mushroom specialists, seasoned commercial growers, and biology students who are interested in edible mushrooms.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors



Part I General Aspects

1 Morphology and Classification

I. Introduction

II. The Ascomycetes

III. The Basidiomycetes

IV. Edibihty and Poisonous Properties

V. Family Agaricaceae Fries

VI. Family Strophariaceae Singer & Smith

VII. Family Pluteaceae Kod. & Pouzar

VIII. Family Tricholomataceae Roze


2 Nuclear Behavior Utilizing Light Microscopy

I. Introduction

II. Nuclear Behavior in the Somatic Cells

III. Nuclear Behavior in Gill Tissues


3 Ultrastructural Changes during Development of Agaricus bisporus and Agaricus sylvicola

I. Introduction

II. Organization of the Hyphae during the Stages of Development

III. Cell Components during Morphogenesis

IV. Discussion and Conclusions


4 Sexuality and Breeding

I. Introduction

II. Biological Background

III. Sexuality in Cultivated Fungi

IV. Discussion


5 Conservation of the Cultures

I. Introduction

II. Conventional Methods

III. Freeze-Drying and Freezing

IV. Cryogenic Freezing of Mushroom Spawn

V. Role of Cryogenic Freezing at ATCC

VI. Apparatus and Procedures

VII. General Procedure for Freezing of Mushroom Spawn

VIII. Safe Deposit of Mushroom Spawn Cultures


6 Nutritional Value

I. Introduction

II. Proximate Composition

III. Moisture Content

IV. Protein

V. Amino Acids

VI. Fat

VII. Carbohydrate and Fiber

VIII. Vitamins and Minerals

IX. Nutritional Considerations


7 Medical Effects

I. Introduction

II. Antibiotic Activities

III. Hypolipidemic Activity

IV. Other Biological Activities

V. Investigational Applications


Part II Cultivated Fungi in Agaricales

Section Α. Agaricus bisporus

8 Biological Nature

9 Nutrition, Substrates, and Principles of Disease Control

10 Breeding Work

11 Cultivation in Western Countries: Growing in Caves

12 Cultivation in Western Countries: Growing in Houses

13 Cultivation in Asian Countries: Growing in Subtropical Areas

14 Cultivation in Asian Countries: Growing in Temperate Zones

Section B. Agaricus bitorquis

15 Biological Nature

16 Breeding Work

17 Cultivation

Section C. Other Genera

18 Coprinus Fimetarius

19 Flammulina Velutipes

20 Kuehneromyces Mutabilis

21 Biological Nature of Lentinus Edodes

22 Cultivation of Lentinus Edodes

23 Pholiota Nameko

24 Biology and Breeding of Pleurotus

25 Cultivation of Pleurotus

26 Stropharia Rugosoannulata

27 Volvariella Volvacea

28 Auricularia spp.

Part III Other Cultivated Fungi

29 Tremella fuciformis

I. Introduction

II. Biology of the Fungus

30 Tuber spp.

I. Introduction

II. Classification

III. Biological Cycle of the Truffle

IV. Nature and Role of Mycorrhiza

V. The Host Tree

VI. Favorable Environmental Conditions

VII. Geographic Distribution of Truffles

VIII. The Culture of the Truffle

IX. Nutritive and Gastronomic Value of the Truffle

X. Production

XI. Conclusion


31 Tricholoma Matsutake

I. Introduction

II. Morphology and Development

III. Life History

IV. Ecology

V. Cultivation


32 The Potential Cultivation of Various Edible Fungi

I. Introduction

II. Fungi to Grow 700

III. Historical Background and Present State of the Problem

IV. Conclusions


Part IV Economic Aspects

33 Economics of Cultivated Mushrooms

Part A. Agaricus

Part B. Other Edible Mushrooms

Author Index

Subject Index


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 1978
1st January 1978
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
Paperback ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Editors

S. T. Chang

S. T. Chang

W. A. Hayes

W. A. Hayes

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