The Biology and Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms

The Biology and Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms

1st Edition - January 1, 1978

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  • Editors: S. T. Chang, W. A. Hayes
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483271149

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Description

The Biology and Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms emphasizes the biological and cultivation aspects of edible mushrooms. This book refers to edible mushrooms as epigeous and hypogeous fruiting bodies of macroscopic fungi that are commercially cultivated or grown in half-culture processes or potentially implanted under controlled conditions. The topics discussed include the morphology and classification of edible mushrooms; cryogenic freezing of mushroom spawn; spawning and mycelium growth; and cultivation of Pleurotus. The geographic distribution of truffles; potential cultivation of various edible fungi; and economics of cultivated mushrooms are also elaborated. This publication is intended for experienced mushroom specialists, seasoned commercial growers, and biology students who are interested in edible mushrooms.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Foreword

    Preface

    Part I General Aspects

    1 Morphology and Classification

    I. Introduction

    II. The Ascomycetes

    III. The Basidiomycetes

    IV. Edibihty and Poisonous Properties

    V. Family Agaricaceae Fries

    VI. Family Strophariaceae Singer & Smith

    VII. Family Pluteaceae Kod. & Pouzar

    VIII. Family Tricholomataceae Roze

    References

    2 Nuclear Behavior Utilizing Light Microscopy

    I. Introduction

    II. Nuclear Behavior in the Somatic Cells

    III. Nuclear Behavior in Gill Tissues

    References

    3 Ultrastructural Changes during Development of Agaricus bisporus and Agaricus sylvicola

    I. Introduction

    II. Organization of the Hyphae during the Stages of Development

    III. Cell Components during Morphogenesis

    IV. Discussion and Conclusions

    References

    4 Sexuality and Breeding

    I. Introduction

    II. Biological Background

    III. Sexuality in Cultivated Fungi

    IV. Discussion

    References

    5 Conservation of the Cultures

    I. Introduction

    II. Conventional Methods

    III. Freeze-Drying and Freezing

    IV. Cryogenic Freezing of Mushroom Spawn

    V. Role of Cryogenic Freezing at ATCC

    VI. Apparatus and Procedures

    VII. General Procedure for Freezing of Mushroom Spawn

    VIII. Safe Deposit of Mushroom Spawn Cultures

    References

    6 Nutritional Value

    I. Introduction

    II. Proximate Composition

    III. Moisture Content

    IV. Protein

    V. Amino Acids

    VI. Fat

    VII. Carbohydrate and Fiber

    VIII. Vitamins and Minerals

    IX. Nutritional Considerations

    References

    7 Medical Effects

    I. Introduction

    II. Antibiotic Activities

    III. Hypolipidemic Activity

    IV. Other Biological Activities

    V. Investigational Applications

    References

    Part II Cultivated Fungi in Agaricales

    Section Α. Agaricus bisporus

    8 Biological Nature

    9 Nutrition, Substrates, and Principles of Disease Control

    10 Breeding Work

    11 Cultivation in Western Countries: Growing in Caves

    12 Cultivation in Western Countries: Growing in Houses

    13 Cultivation in Asian Countries: Growing in Subtropical Areas

    14 Cultivation in Asian Countries: Growing in Temperate Zones

    Section B. Agaricus bitorquis

    15 Biological Nature

    16 Breeding Work

    17 Cultivation

    Section C. Other Genera

    18 Coprinus Fimetarius

    19 Flammulina Velutipes

    20 Kuehneromyces Mutabilis

    21 Biological Nature of Lentinus Edodes

    22 Cultivation of Lentinus Edodes

    23 Pholiota Nameko

    24 Biology and Breeding of Pleurotus

    25 Cultivation of Pleurotus

    26 Stropharia Rugosoannulata

    27 Volvariella Volvacea

    28 Auricularia spp.

    Part III Other Cultivated Fungi

    29 Tremella fuciformis

    I. Introduction

    II. Biology of the Fungus

    30 Tuber spp.

    I. Introduction

    II. Classification

    III. Biological Cycle of the Truffle

    IV. Nature and Role of Mycorrhiza

    V. The Host Tree

    VI. Favorable Environmental Conditions

    VII. Geographic Distribution of Truffles

    VIII. The Culture of the Truffle

    IX. Nutritive and Gastronomic Value of the Truffle

    X. Production

    XI. Conclusion

    References

    31 Tricholoma Matsutake

    I. Introduction

    II. Morphology and Development

    III. Life History

    IV. Ecology

    V. Cultivation

    References

    32 The Potential Cultivation of Various Edible Fungi

    I. Introduction

    II. Fungi to Grow 700

    III. Historical Background and Present State of the Problem

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    Part IV Economic Aspects

    33 Economics of Cultivated Mushrooms

    Part A. Agaricus

    Part B. Other Edible Mushrooms

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 842
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1978
  • Published: January 1, 1978
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483271149

About the Editors

S. T. Chang

W. A. Hayes

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