The Biogas Handbook

The Biogas Handbook

Science, Production and Applications

1st Edition - February 19, 2013

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  • Editors: Arthur Wellinger, Jerry Murphy, David Baxter
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097415
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857094988

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Description

With pressure increasing to utilise wastes and residues effectively and sustainably, the production of biogas represents one of the most important routes towards reaching national and international renewable energy targets. The biogas handbook: Science, production and applications provides a comprehensive and systematic guide to the development and deployment of biogas supply chains and technology.Following a concise overview of biogas as an energy option, part one explores biomass resources and fundamental science and engineering of biogas production, including feedstock characterisation, storage and pre-treatment, and yield optimisation. Plant design, engineering, process optimisation and digestate utilisation are the focus of part two. Topics considered include the engineering and process control of biogas plants, methane emissions in biogas production, and biogas digestate quality, utilisation and land application. Finally, part three discusses international experience and best practice in biogas utilisation. Biogas cleaning and upgrading to biomethane, biomethane use as transport fuel and the generation of heat and power from biogas for stationery applications are all discussed. The book concludes with a review of market development and biomethane certification schemes.With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, The biogas handbook: Science, production and applications is a practical reference to biogas technology for process engineers, manufacturers, industrial chemists and biochemists, scientists, researchers and academics working in this field.

Key Features

  • Provides a concise overview of biogas as an energy option
  • Explores biomass resources for production
  • Examines plant design and engineering and process optimisation

Readership

Process engineers and manufacturers; Industrial biochemists/chemists; Biogas plant operators; Scientists, researchers and academics in the fields of renewable energy, agricultural technology and waste management

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributor contact details
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Organisations supporting IEA Bioenergy Task 37 – Energy from Biogas
  • Austria
  • Denmark
  • European Commission
  • Finland
  • France
  • Ireland
  • Sweden
  • The Netherlands
  • Part 1: Biomass resources, feedstock treatment and biogas production
  • 1: Biogas as an energy option: an overview
  • Abstract
  • 1.1: Introduction
  • 1.2: Biogas technologies and environmental efficiency
  • 1.3: Political drivers and legislation
  • 1.4: Health, safety and risk assessment
  • 1.5: Conclusions and future trends
  • 1.6: Sources of further information and advice
  • 2: Biomass resources for biogas production
  • Abstract
  • 2.1: Introduction
  • 2.2: Categories of biomass appropriate as feedstocks for biogas production
  • 2.3: Characteristics of biogas feedstock
  • 2.4: Resource availability and supply chain issues
  • 2.5: Conclusion
  • 3: Analysis and characterisation of biogas feedstocks
  • Abstract
  • 3.1: Introduction
  • 3.2: Preliminary feedstock characterisation
  • 3.3: Essential laboratory analysis of feedstocks
  • 3.4: Additional laboratory analysis of feedstocks
  • 3.5: Detailed feedstock evaluation
  • 3.6: Conclusions
  • 3.7: Sources of further information and advice
  • 4: Storage and pre-treatment of substrates for biogas production
  • Abstract
  • 4.1: Introduction
  • 4.2: Storage and ensiling of crops for biogas production
  • 4.3: Pre-treatment technologies for biogas production
  • 4.4: Conclusion and future trends
  • 5: Fundamental science and engineering of the anaerobic digestion process for biogas production
  • Abstract
  • 5.1: Introduction
  • 5.2: Microbiology
  • 5.3: Microbial environment
  • 5.4: Gas production and feedstocks
  • 5.5: Reactor configuration
  • 5.6: Parasitic energy demand of process
  • 5.7: Laboratory analysis and scale up
  • 5.8: Modelling and optimisation of anaerobic digestion
  • 5.9: Conclusions and future trends
  • 6: Optimisation of biogas yields from anaerobic digestion by feedstock type
  • Abstract
  • 6.1: Introduction
  • 6.2: Defining optimisation
  • 6.3: Basic definitions and concepts
  • 6.4: Overcoming limitation as a result of hydraulic retention time (HRT)
  • 6.5: Increasing the metabolic capacity of a digester
  • 6.6: Matching feedstocks and digester type
  • 6.7: Case studies
  • 6.8: Future trends
  • 7: Anaerobic digestion as a key technology for biomass valorization: contribution to the energy balance of biofuel chains
  • Abstract
  • 7.1: Introduction
  • 7.2: The role of anaerobic digestion in biomass chains
  • 7.3: A framework for approaching the role of anaerobic digestion within biomass chains
  • 7.4: Contribution of anaerobic digestion to the energy balance of biofuel chains
  • 7.5: Conclusion and future trends
  • Part 2: Plant design, engineering, process optimisation and digestate utilisation
  • 8: Design and engineering of biogas plants
  • Abstract
  • 8.1: Introduction
  • 8.2: Digestion unit
  • 8.3: Gas storage
  • 8.4: Pipework, pumps and valves
  • 8.5: Site characteristics and plant layout
  • 8.6: Process control technology
  • 8.7: Social and legal aspects
  • 8.8: Practical challenges and future trends
  • 9: Energy flows in biogas plants: analysis and implications for plant design
  • Abstract
  • 9.1: Introduction
  • 9.2: Energy demand of biogas plants
  • 9.3: Energy supply for biogas plants
  • 9.4: Balancing energy flows
  • 9.5: Conclusion and future trends
  • 10: Process control in biogas plants
  • Abstract
  • 10.1: Introduction
  • 10.2: Process analysis and monitoring
  • 10.3: Optimising and implementing on-line process control in biogas plants
  • 10.4: Mathematical process modelling and optimisation in practice
  • 10.5: Advantages and limitations of process control
  • 10.6: Conclusion and future trends
  • 11: Methane emissions in biogas production
  • Abstract
  • 11.1: Introduction
  • 11.2: Methane emissions in biogas production
  • 11.3: Methane emissions in biogas utilization, biogas upgrading and digestate storage
  • 11.4: Overall methane emissions
  • 11.5: Conclusion and future trends
  • 12: Biogas digestate quality and utilization
  • Abstract
  • 12.1: Introduction
  • 12.2: Digestate quality
  • 12.3: Processing of digestate
  • 12.4: Utilization of digestate and digestate fractions
  • 12.5: Conclusion
  • 13: Land application of digestate
  • Abstract
  • 13.1: Introduction
  • 13.2: Overview of substrates and land application of digestate
  • 13.3: Field experience of land application and associated environmental impacts
  • 13.4: Conclusion and future trends
  • 13.5: Acknowledgements
  • Part III: Biogas utilisation: international experience and best practice
  • 14: Biogas cleaning
  • Abstract
  • 14.1: Introduction
  • 14.2: Biogas characterisation and quality standards
  • 14.3: Biogas cleaning techniques
  • 14.4: Biogas cleaning in combination with upgrading
  • 14.5: Conclusion and future trends
  • 15: Biogas upgrading to biomethane
  • Abstract
  • 15.1: Introduction
  • 15.2: Development and overview of biogas upgrading
  • 15.3: Biogas cleaning and upgrading technologies
  • 15.4: Costs of biogas upgrading
  • 15.5: Conclusion
  • 16: Biomethane injection into natural gas networks
  • Abstract
  • 16.1: Introduction
  • 16.2: Technical and legal conditions of biomethane feed-in in Germany
  • 16.3: Design and operation of injection utilities
  • 16.4: Biomethane quality adjustments
  • 16.5: Economic aspects of biomethane injection
  • 16.6: Optimization and efficiency increase
  • 16.7: Conclusion and future trends
  • 16.10: Appendix: glossary
  • 17: Generation of heat and power from biogas for stationary applications: boilers, gas engines and turbines, combined heat and power (CHP) plants and fuel cells
  • Abstract
  • 17.1: Introduction
  • 17.2: Biogas and biomethane combustion issues
  • 17.3: Utilisation of biogas for the generation of electric power and heat in stationary applications
  • 17.4: Conclusion and future trends
  • 18: Biomethane for transport applications
  • Abstract
  • 18.1: Biomethane as a transport fuel
  • 18.2: Biomethane distribution logistics and the synergies of jointly used natural gas and biomethane
  • 18.3: Growth of the natural gas vehicle market in Sweden
  • 18.4: Extent and potential of the natural gas vehicle world market
  • 18.5: Future trends
  • 19: Market development and certification schemes for biomethane
  • Abstract
  • 19.1: Introduction
  • 19.2: Market development
  • 19.3: Biomethane certification and mass balancing
  • 19.4: European mass balancing schemes for biomethane
  • 19.5: Future trends
  • 19.6: Sources of further information and advice
  • Cited legislation
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 504
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2013
  • Published: February 19, 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857097415
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857094988

About the Editors

Arthur Wellinger

Arthur Wellinger is Managing Director of Triple E&M, an internationally operating research and consulting company located in Switzerland, and President of the European Biogas Association.

Affiliations and Expertise

Nova Energie, Switzerland

Jerry Murphy

Jerry Murphy is the Lead Investigator in Bioenergy and Biofuels in the Environmental Research Institute at University College Cork, Ireland.

Affiliations and Expertise

Director of Bioenergy and Biofuels Research, Environmental Research Institute, School of Engineering, University College Cork, Ireland

David Baxter

David Baxter is a member of the Sustainable Transport Unit in the Institute for Energy & Transport of the Joint Research Centre (European Commission, Petten, The Netherlands). He is part of a team providing scientific and technical support to the development and maintenance of sustainability schemes for biomass and bioenergy, including biofuels. In addition, he is a member of the European Bioenergy Industrial Initiative (EIBI) team which is operated within the frame of the Strategic Energy Technologies (SET) Plan. He is also the leader of the International Energy Agency Bioenergy Biogas Task 37, promoting economically and environmentally sustainable management of biogas production and utilisation from agricultural residues, energy crops and municipal wastes.

David Baxter is a materials engineer who joined the European Commission Joint Research Centre in 1991 after working in an industrial company supplying components for power generation and transport.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for Energy, European Commission Joint Research Centre, The Netherlands

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  • Cristina L. Sun Mar 18 2018

    The Biogas Handbook

    Super good introduction to the natural sciences part of biogas. However, I miss some descriptions / analyzes of social science, such as stakeholder approach.