The Biodiesel Handbook

The Biodiesel Handbook

2nd Edition - May 1, 2010

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  • Editors: Gerhard Knothe, Jürgen Krahl, Jon Gerpen
  • eBook ISBN: 9780983507260
  • Paperback ISBN: 9781893997622

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Description

The second edition of this invaluable handbook covers converting vegetable oils, animal fats, and used oils into biodiesel fuel. The Biodiesel Handbook delivers solutions to issues associated with biodiesel feedstocks, production issues, quality control, viscosity, stability, applications, emissions, and other environmental impacts, as well as the status of the biodiesel industry worldwide.

Key Features

  • Incorporates the major research and other developments in the world of biodiesel in a comprehensive and practical format
  • Includes reference materials and tables on biodiesel standards, unit conversions, and technical details in four appendices
  • Presents details on other uses of biodiesel and other alternative diesel fuels from oils and fats

Readership

Researchers and technicians in alternative fuel/energy field, industrial oil scientists, chemical engineers, analytical chemists

Table of Contents

  • CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
    Gerhard Knothe

    CHAPTER 2: HISTORY OF VEGETABLE OIL-BASED DIESEL FUELS
    Gerhard Knothe

    CHAPTER 3: BASICS OF DIESEL ENGINES AND DIESEL FUELS
    Jon Van Gerpen

    CHAPTER 4: BIODIESEL PRODUCTION
    4.1 Basics of the Transesterification Reaction
    Jon Van Gerpen and Gerhard Knothe

    4.2 Alternate Feedstocks and Technologies for Biodiesel Production
    Michael J. Haas

    4.3 Catalysis in Biodiesel Processing
    Alfred K. Schultz, Michael J. Haas, and Rajiv Banavali

    4.4 Ion Exchange Resins in Biodiesel Processing
    Rajiv Banavali, Alfred K. Schultz, Klaus-Dieter Topp, and Mark T. Vandersall

    CHAPTER 5: ANALYTICAL METHODS
    5.1 Analytical Methods for Biodiesel
    Gerhard Knothe

    5.2 A Sensor for Discrimination of Fossil Diesel Fuel, Biodiesel, and Their Blends
    Axel Munack, Hermann Speckmann, Jürgen Krahl, Arno Marto, and Ralf Bantzhaff

    CHAPTER 6: FUEL PROPERTIES
    6.1 Cetane Numbers–Heat of Combustion–Why Vegetable Oils and Their Derivatives Are Suitable as a Diesel Fuel
    Gerhard Knothe

    6.2 Viscosity of Biodiesel
    Gerhard Knothe

    6.3 Cold Weather Properties and Performance of Biodiesel
    Robert O. Dunn and Bryan R. Moser

    6.4 Oxidative Stability of Biodiesel
    Gerhard Knothe

    6.5 Biodiesel Lubricity and Effect of Biodiesel on Lubricants
    Gerhard Knothe

    6.6 Biodiesel Fuels: Biodegradability, Biological and Chemical Oxygen Demand, and Toxicity
    Charles L. Peterson and Gregory Möller

    6.7 Soybean Oil Composition for Biodiesel
    Neal A. Bringe, Beth J. Calabotta, and David A. Morgenstern

    CHAPTER 7: EXHAUST EMISSIONS
    7.1 Impacts of Biodiesel Fuel on Pollutant Emissions from Diesel Engines
    Robert L. McCormick, Teresa L. Alleman, and Janet Yanowitz

    7.2 Ultrafine Particles from a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine Running on Rapeseed Oil Methyl
    Ester Jürgen Krahl, Axel Munack, Olaf Schröder, Yvonne Ruschel, and Jurgen Bünger

    CHAPTER 8: CURRENT STATUS OF THE BIODIESEL INDUSTRY
    8.1 Biodiesel in the United States
    Steve Howell and Joe Jobe

    8.2 Biodiesel in Germany and the European Union
    Dieter Bockey

    8.3 Biodiesel in South America
    Claudiney Soares Cordeiro and Luiz Pereira Ramos

    8.4 Biodiesel in Asia
    Mohd. Basri Wahid, Yuen May Choo, and Chiew Wei Puah

    8.5 Biodiesel in Japan
    Shiro Saka and Hiroaki Imahara

    8.6 Environmental Implications of Biodiesel (Life-Cycle Assessment)
    Sven Gärtner and Guido A. Reinhardt

    8.7 Potential Production of Biodiesel in the United States
    Charles L. Peterson

    CHAPTER 9: OTHER USES OF BIODIESEL
    Gerhard Knothe

    CHAPTER 10: OTHER ALTERNATIVE DIESEL FUELS FROM VEGETABLE OILS AND ANIMAL FATS
    Robert O. Dunn

    CHAPTER 11: GLYCEROL TECHNOLOGY OPTIONS FOR BIODIESEL INDUSTRY
    Galen J. Suppes

    Appendix A—Technical Tables
    Gerhard Knothe

    Appendix B—Biodiesel Standards
    Gerhard Knothe

    Appendix C—Unit Conversions
    Gerhard Knothe

    Appendix D—Internet Resources
    Gerhard Knothe

Product details

  • No. of pages: 494
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press and AOCS Press 2010
  • Published: May 1, 2010
  • Imprint: Academic Press and AOCS Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780983507260
  • Paperback ISBN: 9781893997622

About the Editors

Gerhard Knothe

Gerhard Knothe obtained M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in chemistry at the University of Bremen, Germany. After a brief postdoctoral appointment, he has been affiliated with the National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research of the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Peoria, IL, since 1989. Over the years, his research has focused on vegetable oil-derived diesel fuels (biodiesel) and some oleochemistry, which has included the use of NMR and MS. He has more than 80 publications to his credit and is scheduled to receive the Industrial Uses of Soybeans Award sponsored by the USB/AOCS. He edited (together with two co-editors) The Biodiesel Handbook. He lectures in courses on biodiesel.

Affiliations and Expertise

National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, United States Department of Agriculture, Peoria, IL, USA

Jürgen Krahl

Jurgen Krahl is a professor at Coburg University in Coburg, Germany. He teaches classes in ecological chemistry and inorganic chemistry. Jurgen is the CEO of the Technology Transfer Center Automotive Coburg University (TAC) and a member of the Fuels Joint Research Group (www.fuels-jrg.de). His research areas include biofuels, fuel design, and exhaust gas analysis.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Coburg University, Coburg, Germany; CEO, Technology Transfer Center Automotive Coburg University (TAC), Coberg, Germany

Jon Gerpen

Dr. Jon Van Gerpen is a Professor and Department Head of Biological and Agricultural Engineering at the University of Idaho. He has held that position since July 2004. Before that, he was a professor of Mechanical Engineering at Iowa State University for 20 years. He received his B.S. (1978) and M.S. (1980) degrees in Mechanical Engineering from Iowa State and his Ph.D. (1984) from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. During a 14 month sabbatical, he worked on the design team at John Deere that developed a 12.5 liter engine. Dr. Van Gerpen has been researching the production and utilization of biodiesel for the past 17 years and his current projects include the design and construction of a biodiesel pilot plant and the development of a nation-wide biodiesel education program. He has published numerous technical papers on biodiesel production from low-cost and novel feedstock. Dr. Van Gerpen has been investigating the production and utilization of biodiesel since 1992. His work includes projects to explore the effect of biodiesel on engines, property characterization, production quality control and production from novel and low-cost feedstocks. He has been engaged in educational efforts with biodiesel including acting as the project director for a USDA-funded National Biodiesel Education Program that is in its second 5-year cycle of funding. In addition to biodiesel, He is interested in other biofuels such as cellulosic ethanol, hydrocarbons from lipids, and gasification.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Department Head of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, USA

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