The Biochemistry and Physiology of Tetrahymena - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123483508, 9780323159340

The Biochemistry and Physiology of Tetrahymena

1st Edition

Authors: Donald Hill
eBook ISBN: 9780323159340
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1972
Page Count: 242
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Description

The Biochemistry and Physiology of Tetrahymena presents a review of the literature covering the physiology and biochemistry of the ciliate genus Tetrahymena, of which Tetrahymena pyriformis is the most studied species. Organized into 10 parts, this book first provides basic information about Tetrahymena, which is found in almost any body of water and is so unusual that one can debate quite rationally as to whether it is an animal or a plant. Other chapters are restricted to specific subjects about this organism, namely, carbohydrate, lipid, energy, protein, amino acid, purine, pyrimidine, and nucleic acid metabolism. The organism’s biochemical genetics, vitamin and inorganic requirements, and evolution are also shown. This book also explores the effect of radiation, drugs, and hydrostatic pressure on Tetrahymena. The documented information presented in this book will be sufficient to stimulate even more interest in the organism.

Table of Contents


Foreword

Preface

Chapter 1 Introduction

Introduction

Taxonomy

Occurrence

Morphology

Ingestion and Digestion

Pattern Formation

Cell Size

Growth Conditions

Synchronization

Literature

References

Chapter 2 Carbohydrate Metabolism

Introduction

Utilization of Carbohydrates

Glycogen

Low Molecular Weight Carbohydrates

Glycolysis

Krebs Cycle

End Products of Carbohydrate Metabolism

Phosphogluconate Oxidative Pathway

Crabtree and Pasteur Effects

Conversion of Lipid to Carbohydrate

Other Aspects of Glyconeogenesis

References

Chapter 3 Lipid Metabolism

Introduction

Requirements

Composition

Metabolism of Fatty Acids and Phosphatides

Tetrahymanol and Sterol Metabolism

Cholinesterase

Phosphonolipids

Synthetic Lipids as Growth Factors

References

Chapter 4 Energy Metabolism

Mitochondria

Respiration

Enzymes Associated with Electron Transport

Cytochromes

Uncoupling Agents

Utilization of Energy

Peroxisomes

References

Chapter 5 Amino Acid and Protein Metabolism

Introduction

Amino Acid Requirements

Proteinases

Protein Biosynthesis

Division Protein

Proteins of Cilia

Characterization of Nonprotein Nitrogen

Arginine, Proline, and the Absence of a Urea Cycle

The Question of a Phosphagen

Serine and Threonine

Glycine and Porphyrins

Methionine and Cysteine

Valine, Leucine, and Isoleucine

Lysine, Alanine, Glutamic Acid, and Histidine

Tryptophan and Serotonin

Phenylalanine and Tyrosine

Ubiquinones

Catecholamines

References

Chapter 6 Purine, Pyrimidine, and Nucleic Acid Metabolism

Purine and Pyrimidine Requirements

Purine and Pyrimidine Metabolism

Phosphatases

Effect of Purine Analogs

Characterization of Nucleic Acids

Histones

Ribonucleases and Deoxyribonucleases

Biosynthesis of Ribonucleic Acids

Biosynthesis of Deoxyribonucleic Acids

References

Chapter 7 Biochemical Genetics

Nuclei

Conjugation

Genomic Exclusion

Mutants

Mating Types

Immobilization Antigens

Esterases

Acid Phosphatases

Polymorphism

References

Chapter 8 Vitamin and Inorganic Requirements

Introduction

Thiamine and Lipoate (Thioctic Acid)

Riboflavin

Pyridoxal and Pyridoxamine

Panto thenate

Folate (Pteroylglutamate)

Niacin

Biotin

Vitamin B12

Vitamin E

Biochemical Assays

Water

Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride Ions

Orthophosphate

Other Inorganic Ions

References

Chapter 9 Effects of Radiation, Drugs, and Hydrostatic Pressure

Radiation

Repair of Radiation Damage

The Photodynamic Effect

Tetrahymena as a Toxicological Tool

Hydrostatic Pressure

References

Chapter 10 Evolution

Phylogenetic Relationships

Evolutionary Oddities

Loss of Synthetic Ability

References

Author Index

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
242
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1972
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323159340

About the Author

Donald Hill

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