The Atlantic Walrus

The Atlantic Walrus

Multidisciplinary Insights into Human-Animal Interactions

1st Edition - June 17, 2021
This is the Latest Edition
  • Editors: Xénia Keighley, Morten Olsen, Peter Jordan, Sean Desjardins
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128174319
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128174302

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Description

The Atlantic Walrus: Multidisciplinary insights into human-animal interactions addresses the key dimensions of long-term human walrus interactions across the Atlantic Arctic and subarctic regions, over the past millennia. This book brings together research from across the social and natural sciences to explore walrus biology, human culture, environmental conditions and their reciprocal effects. Together, 13 chapters of this book reconstruct the early evolution of walruses, walrus biology, the cultural significance and ecological impact of prehistoric and indigenous hunting practices, as well as the effects of commercial hunting and international trade. This book also examines historic and ongoing management strategies and, the importance of new research methodologies in revealing hitherto unknown details of the past, and concludes by discussing the future for Atlantic walruses in the face of climate change and increased human activities in the Arctic. This volume is an ideal resource for those who are seeking to understand an iconic Arctic species and its long and complex relationship with humans. This includes individuals and researchers with a personal or professional connection to walruses or the Arctic, as well as marine biologists, zoologists, conservationists, paleontologists, archaeologists, anthropologists, historians, indigenous communities, natural resource managers and government agencies.

Key Features

  • Provides succinct overviews of the biology of the Atlantic Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) as well as human cultures within the North Atlantic Arctic and the surrounding region by consolidating research which until now has been scattered across fields and academic publications
  • Editorial team of inter-disciplinary researchers ensuring the breadth, depth and integration of material covered throughout the volume
  • Thirteen chapters, each authored by leading international researchers and experts on the Atlantic Walrus
  • Considers the inter-relatedness and complexity of species biology, ecological change, human culture, and anthropogenic pressures onto the Atlantic Walrus, all while remaining accessible to readers from different disciplines or a more generalist audience
  • Draws upon the latest methods in marine mammal and archaeological research
  • Assesses historical management of the species, while also considering current and future conservation efforts in light of human activities and climate change
  • Text supported by striking and insightful new maps and scientific illustrations, ideal for teaching and outreach

Readership

Researchers and students in marine biology, conservation biology, climate change studies, and environmental studies

Table of Contents

  • 1 Introduction

    Section I Atlantic walrus evolution, ecology, and behavior
    2 The surprising evolutionary heritage of the Atlantic walrus as chronicled by the fossil record
    3 Ecology and behavior of Atlantic walruses
    4 Stocks, distribution and abundance

    Section II Walruses and Indigenous peoples
    5 Pre-Inuit walrus use in Arctic Canada and Greenland, c.2500 BCE to 1250 CE
    6 Subsistence walrus hunting in Inuit Nunangat (Arctic Canada) and Kalaallit Nunaat (Greenland) from the 13th century CE to present

    Section III European walrus use from the Norse to present
    7 Early European and Greenlandic walrus hunting: Motivations, techniques and practices
    8 The exploitation of walrus ivory in medieval Europe
    9 Modern European commercial walrus exploitation, 1700 to 1960 CE

    Section IV Future directions and innovations in Atlantic walrus research
    10 Molecular advances in archaeological and biological research on Atlantic walrus
    11 Atlantic walrus management, regulation and conservation
    12 Anthropogenic impacts on the Atlantic walrus
    13 The future of Atlantic walrus in a rapidly warming Arctic

Product details

  • No. of pages: 344
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2021
  • Published: June 17, 2021
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128174319
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128174302
  • About the Editors

    Xénia Keighley

    Xénia Keighley completed her PhD as part of the Marie Curie Horizon 2020 ArchSci2020 network, investigating ancient genomics of the Atlantic walrus. She has been based at the University of Copenhagen (Denmark) and the University of Groningen (the Netherlands) and defended her PhD thesis in January 2021. Xénia’s academic background is in Biology, with a Bachelor of Philosophy (Science) (Honours) awarded by the Australian National University. Her undergraduate studies focused on taxonomy, phylogeography, botany and environmental sciences.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Graduate, Globe Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark; Arctic Centre, University of Groningen, The Netherlands

    Morten Olsen

    Morten Tange Olsen is an associate professor at the Globe Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. His research seeks to document and understand the effects of environmental change, pathogens and human activities on marine mammals and ecosystems, using ancient, environmental and modern DNA analyses, museum collections and observations in the wild. He is a member of multiple marine mammal expert groups, including the Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) and the North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission (NAMMCO), as well as the Danish Ministry of Environment and Environmental Protection Agency.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Associate Professor, Globe Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

    Peter Jordan

    Peter Jordan is currently a professor of Archaeology at the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Lund University, Sweden. His research examines long-term human animal environment interactions in the circumpolar regions, including northern Europe and Northeast Asia. He was previously Directorof the Arctic Centre at the University of Groningen and the Netherlands Scientistin-Charge in the ArchSci2020 Network. He also served as the Netherlands representative in the Council of the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC) andwas also Chair of IASC’s Polar Archaeology Network (PAN).

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Professor of Archaeology, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Lund University, Sweden.

    Sean Desjardins

    Sean Desjardins is a postdoctoral researcher at the Arctic Centre and the Groningen Institute of Archaeology, University of Groningen (the Netherlands)and a research associate at the Canadian Museum of Nature (Canada). An anthropological archaeologist with more than a decade of experience investigating human walrus interactions in Inuit Nunangat (the traditional Inuit territories of Arctic Canada), his research interests include Indigenous knowledge systems, food security/food safety among hunting gathering fishing populations and long-term human responses to climate change in the Arctic. He represents the Netherlands in the Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG) of the Arctic Council.

    Affiliations and Expertise

    Postdoctoral Researcher, Arctic Centre/Groningen Institute of Archaeology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands; Research Associate, Canadian Museum of Nature