The Amphibian Visual System

The Amphibian Visual System

A Multidisciplinary Approach

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Editor: Katherine V. Fite
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270135

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The Amphibian Visual System: A Multidisciplinary Approach is a compendium of articles across a broad range of disciplines within experimental biology focusing on the study of the amphibian visual system. The book presents a survey of the evolutionary history and major taxonomic and ecological adaptations of amphibians; anatomic, physiological, developmental, and behavioral data relating to the amphibian visual system; description of important standards for laboratory amphibians; and the crucial problem of species identification in neurobiological research. Zoologists, experimental biologists, neurologists, and anatomists will find the text very interesting.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors


    1 Amphibians, Their Evolutionary History, Taxonomy, and Ecological Adaptations

    Past History of Amphibia

    Relationships and Biogeography of Living Amphibians

    Anuran Adaptation

    Reproductive Strategies

    Regional Adaptation

    A Look Ahead

    2 Anatomy and Physiology of the Frog Retina



    Visual Pigments

    Basic Electrophysiology

    Functional Electrophysiology


    3 Central Visual Pathways in the Frog


    Optic Nerve

    Central Visual Pathways


    4 Spatial Vision in Anurans


    Problems in Studying Spatial Vision

    Localization of Prey Objects

    Depth Estimation

    Selection among Two Prey Stimuli

    Directionality of Avoidance Behaviors

    Orientation and Shape in Discrimination of Barriers

    Stepping onto Surfaces

    Orientation to the Bank of Ponds

    Differentiation of Localizing Behaviors and Their Anatomic Basis

    Retinotopic Specificity in Localizing Behaviors

    Frog Vision in Phylogenetic Perspective

    Concluding Remarks

    5 The Visual System of the Toad: Behavioral and Physiological Studies on a Pattern Recognition System


    Quantitative Analysis of the Key Stimuli "Prey" and "Enemy"

    Prey Catching and Avoidance "Zones" in the Brain

    Neural Coding of Behaviorally Relevant Form Features along the Visual Pathway

    Hypothesis: The First Basic Steps in Prey-Enemy Recognition

    Computer Analysis of the Hypothetical Prey-Enemy Pattern Recognition System by Means of Model Nerve Nets

    General Discussion

    6 The Urodele Visual System

    Commonly Studied Families

    Visually Guided Behavior

    Anatomy and Physiology of the Visual System

    Urodeles and Comparative Neurobiology of the Visual System

    7 The Amphibian Visual System as a Model for Developmental Neurobiology


    General Concepts: Induction, Determination, and Differentiation; Regulation, Fields, and Positional Information

    The Development of the Eye

    The Formation of Synaptic Connections between the Eye and Brain

    Axial Polarization of the Retina

    The Acquisition of Tectal Polarity

    The Cell Cycle and Differentiation

    Cell Coupling

    The Current Status of the Chemoaffinity Theory

    Endocrine Influences in Neurogenesis

    Trophic Influences

    Cell Death

    The Role of Function in Neurogenesis


    8 Standards for Laboratory Amphibians


    The Biological Standard

    The Supply of Amphibians

    Solutions to the Problems


    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 388
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270135

About the Editor

Katherine V. Fite

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