The Agronomy and Economy of Important Tree Crops of the Developing World

The Agronomy and Economy of Important Tree Crops of the Developing World

1st Edition - April 22, 2010

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  • Author: K.P. Prabhakaran Nair
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123846785

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Major tree crops contribute substantially to the economy of many developing countries on the Asian, African and Latin American continents. For example, coffee is the main revenue earner for Kenya. This book provides a comprehensive review of the agronomy, botany, taxonomy, genetics, chemistry, economics, and future global prospects of a range of crops that have great food, industrial and economic value such as cocoa, coffee, cashew, oil palm and natural rubber.

Key Features

  • Discusses the major tree crops of great economic value to the developing world
  • The author is an eminent scientist who has won numerous awards for his work in this area


Professionals, researchers, students, and government involved in agronomy, crop and soil sciences and plant science

Table of Contents

  • Introduction

    1. Arecanut

    The agronomy of Arecanut

    Arecanut Pathology

    Arecanut Entomology

    Arecanut Nematology

    Harvesting and Processing of Arecanut

    A peep into Arecanut’s future

    2. Cashewnut

    History, evolutionary origin and distribution of cashew

    Economic Botany of Cashew

    The genetic improvement of the cashew plant

    Establishing and managing a cashew orchard

    Manuring a cashew orchard

    Controlling the pests and diseases in Cashew plantations

    Cashew end products

    Cashew Kernel

    Cashew Kernel Peel

    Cashewnut Shell Liquid (CNSL)

    Cashew shell cake

    Value added products

    3. The Coconut Palm

    The evolution of coconut along the drifting coastlines

    Human influence on coconut evolution

    Botany of coconut


    The trunk

    Cytogenetics of Coconut

    Source of diversity

    Characterization of the genome of the coconut palm

    Constraints in coconut breeding

    Hybrids and their future

    Commercial production of hybrid seeds

    Agronomy of coconut


    Coconut-based mixed cropping systems and their management

    Seed and Seedling management

    Germination rate

    Polybag seedlings

    Seedling selection

    Field management

    Productive Palms

    Adaptation to Biotic factors

    The Range of Coconut Pests

    Adaptation in coconut palm

    A devastating virus

    Adaptating the coconut to market needs

    Yield potential of the coconut palm

    Quality traits

    The fatty acid mix

    Coconut as a food item

    Research and development in coconut production

    Global coordination

    National Research Centers

    Research in India and Sri Lanka

    Research in the second half of the 20th century

    A peep into the future of coconut

    Protection of the Production base

    Advances in Processing Technology

    Contact information for research centers and institutions

    4. Cinchona

    Origin and Uses

    Characteristics and Chemistry of Plantation Species

    Extraction, Production and Trade

    Research: Development of Improved Cultivation Practices

    Diseases and Pests

    Biotechnological Interventions

    Future Outlook

    5. Cocoa

    Origin and Spread

    Area and Production

    Germplasm Collection

    Crop Improvement and Management


    Field Maintenance

    Flowering and Fruit Set

    Plant Protection


    Primary Processing

    Secondary Processing

    Research and Development Organizations

    Manufacturers of Cocoa Products

    Future Outlook

    6. Coffee

    Historic Background

    Genetic Resources

    Breeding and Selection

    Breeding Programs

    Field Management



    Effects of Consumer Needs on Adaptation

    Research and Development Organizations

    Future Prospects

    7. Oil Palm


    Origin, History and Distribution

    Taxonomy and Botany of Oil Palm

    Growing Conditions

    Germplasm Collection

    Germplasm Characterization

    Genetic Improvement Through Breeding and Selection

    Oil Palm Tissue Culture

    Pests and Diseases

    Oil Palm Plantations and the Environment

    Future Outlook

    8. Rubber


    Natural Rubber: Its Value to Mankind

    Orign and Distribution

    Area, Production and Productivity

    World Trade in Natural Rubber


    Physiology of Latex Flow

    Tapping of the Rubber Tree

    Latex Biochemistry and Rubber Production

    Genetic Improvement

    Genetic Studies

    Genetic Base and Germplasm Resources

    Biotechnological Interventions

    Crop Management Under Different Cropping Systems

    Diseases and Pests

    Technological Developments

    Eco-Friendliness of Rubber

    Research and Development Organizations

    Future Prospects

    9. Tea

    Origin and History

    The Practices of Tea Consumption

    The Botany of Tea

    Taxonomy and Genetics

    Growing Conditions

    Nutrient Reqirements

    Nursery Practices

    Crop Management

    Propagation and Genetic Improvement of Tea Stocks

    The Evolution of Rational Pest and Disease Management

    The Variations in Tea Manufacture

    Tea Production and the Global Trade

    Value Addition and Product Diversification

    Research and Development Institutions for Tea

    The Future Outlook for Tea

    10. Wattle

    Types of Wattle

    Growing Conditions

    Utility of Bark and Wood and Maintaining Soil Fertility


    Precessing of Bark

    Pests and Diseases

Product details

  • No. of pages: 368
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2010
  • Published: April 22, 2010
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123846785

About the Author

K.P. Prabhakaran Nair

K.P. Prabhakaran Nair

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Visiting Scientist, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India

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