Thalamic Networks for Relay and Modulation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080422749, 9781483163505

Thalamic Networks for Relay and Modulation

1st Edition

Pergamon Studies in Neuroscience

Editors: Diego Minciacchi Marco Molinari Giorgio Macchi
eBook ISBN: 9781483163505
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1993
Page Count: 462
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Thalamic Networks for Relay and Modulation is the third in a series that springs from an idea of Giorgio Macchi who wished to establish periodical updates on thalamic research by bringing to Italy investigators who would engage in an international sharing of ideas and experiences. It reflects the renewed interest in the modulation of thalamic relay activity by intrinsic and extrinsic sources, while continuing to underscore the essential role of the thalamus as the gatekeeper of the cerebral cortex and of the pathways to perception. The papers that form the substance of this book were presented at a Symposium held at the Catholic University, Rome, Italy, in September 1992, as a Satellite to the 15th Annual Meeting of the European Neuroscience Association. The volume is organized into four parts. Part I is basically concerned with developmental and evolutionary approaches. Part II highlights relay functions of visual, motor, and somatosensory relay nuclei and relay functions of the intralaminar nuclei. Part III deals primarily with the pharmacology of thalamic neurons. Part IV emphasizes the mechanisms that underlie the functional assembly of thalamic cells into collectively acting ensembles, largely revealed in rhythmic oscillations, and on the behavioral manifestations that accompany them.

Table of Contents




Part I Evolution and Development

1 Parallel Pathways and Fiber Size

2 Intemeurons in the Mammalian Thalamus: A Marker of Species?

3 Thalamocortical-Corticothalamic Reciprocals and the Evolutionary Origin of Medial Geniculate

4 The Development of Trigeminothalamic Projections

5 Disrupting the Establishment of Thalamo-Cortical Circuits: Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Ethanol

Part II Thalamus as a Relay

Sensory Systems

6 Dynamic Gating of Retinal Transmission to the Visual Cortex by the Lateral Geniculate Nucleus

7 The Temporal Transformation of Retinal Signals in the Lateral Geniculate Nucleus of the Cat: Implications for Cortical Function

8 Parallel Streams in the Corticogeniculate Pathway: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Projections of Neurons in Layer VI of Striate Cortex

9 Parallel Somatic Sensory Pathways through the Rat Thalamus

10 Local Circuit Processing in the Primate Thalamus: Neurotransmitter Mechanisms

11 Neuron Populations in Sensorimotor Thalamic Space: Connections, Parcellation, and Relation to Corticospinal Projections in the Macaque Monkey

Motor System

12 Input-Output Organization of the Ventrolateral Nucleus of the Thalamus in the Cerebello-Thalamo-Cortical System

13 The Pallidal and Nigral Thalamic Territories and the Problem of the Anterior Part of the Lateral Region in Primates

14 Anatomical Organization of Internal Neuronal Circuits in the Motor Thalamus

15 Cortical Projections of Motor Thalamus Intralaminar System

16 The Intralaminar System Revisited

17 Laminar Organization of the Cortical Projections to the Intralaminar and Medial Thalamic Nuclei in the Cat

18 Structural Evidence in Favor of a Relay Function for the Anterior Intralaminar Nuclei

19 Different Weights of Subcortico-Cortical Projections upon Primary Sensory Areas: the Thalamic Anterior Intralaminar System

Part III Chemical Identities of Thalamic Neurons

20 Cell-Specific Expression of a Multifunctional Protein Kinase in Primate Thalamic Relay Neurons

21 A Neurochemically Distinct Third Channel in the Macaque Lateral Geniculate Nucleus

22 Compartments in the Ventrobasal Complex of the Monkey Thalamus: Organization, Connectivity, and Response to Chronic Deafferentation

23 Amino-Acid-Mediated Synaptic Responses in the Ventrobasal Thalamus (VB) In Vivo

24 Interspecies Comparison of Expression of GABA/Benzodiazepine Receptors and their Subunits in the Motor and Limbic Nuclei of the Thalamus

25 Effects of the Peptide Cholecystokinin and Its Antagonists on Visually Responsive Thalamic Neurons in Urethane Anesthetized Rats

26 Thalamus, Neurotrophins and their Receptors

Part IV Networks for Modulation

Reticular Nucleus

27 Specific Distribution of Some "Nonspecific" Afferents upon Individual Thalamic Reticular Nucleus Neurons

28 Commissural Pathways in the Rat Thalamus: Evidence for a Reticulo-Reticular Connection

29 Injury Reactions and Axonal Regeneration in the Thalamus of the Adult Rat

Thalamic Oscillations and Sleep

30 Cellular Basis and Neurotransmitter Control of Thalamic Oscillation and Sensory Transmission

31 Intrinsic Low-Frequency Oscillations of Thalamocortical Cells and their Modulation by Synaptic Potentials

32 Sleep Oscillations in Interacting Thalamocortical Networks

33 The Thalamus Regulates the Sleep-Wake Cycle and Autonomic and Endocrine Functions

34 Thalamic Nuclei and Control on Sleep-Related Events

35 EEG Spectral Analysis in Generalized Primary Epilepsies (Awake, S2 Sleep, Spindles and K-Complexes)

36 Involvement of Reticular Thalamic Nucleus in Rhythmic Activities Subserving Spike and Waves


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About the Editor

Diego Minciacchi

Marco Molinari

Giorgio Macchi

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