Tensors, Relativity, and Cosmology - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780128033975, 9780128034019

Tensors, Relativity, and Cosmology

2nd Edition

Authors: Mirjana Dalarsson Nils Dalarsson
eBook ISBN: 9780128034019
Paperback ISBN: 9780128033975
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 29th June 2015
Page Count: 276
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Description

Tensors, Relativity, and Cosmology, Second Edition, combines relativity, astrophysics, and cosmology in a single volume, providing a simplified introduction to each subject that is followed by detailed mathematical derivations.

The book includes a section on general relativity that gives the case for a curved space-time, presents the mathematical background (tensor calculus, Riemannian geometry), discusses the Einstein equation and its solutions (including black holes and Penrose processes), and considers the energy-momentum tensor for various solutions. In addition, a section on relativistic astrophysics discusses stellar contraction and collapse, neutron stars and their equations of state, black holes, and accretion onto collapsed objects, with a final section on cosmology discussing cosmological models, observational tests, and scenarios for the early universe.

This fully revised and updated second edition includes new material on relativistic effects, such as the behavior of clocks and measuring rods in motion, relativistic addition of velocities, and the twin paradox, as well as new material on gravitational waves, amongst other topics.

Key Features

  • Clearly combines relativity, astrophysics, and cosmology in a single volume
  • Extensive introductions to each section are followed by relevant examples and numerous exercises
  • Presents topics of interest to those researching and studying tensor calculus, the theory of relativity, gravitation, cosmology, quantum cosmology, Robertson-Walker Metrics, curvature tensors, kinematics, black holes, and more
  • Fully revised and updated with 80 pages of new material on relativistic effects, such as relativity of simultaneity and relativity of the concept of distance, amongst other topics
  • Provides an easy-to-understand approach to this advanced field of mathematics and modern physics by providing highly detailed derivations of all equations and results

Readership

Graduate students in physics, cosmology, biological physics, and engineering taking courses in modern physics, theory of relativity, and electrodynamics; Researchers in academia and industry in physics, cosmology, biological physics, and engineering.

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • 1: Introduction
    • Abstract
  • Part 1: Tensor Algebra
    • 2: Notation and Systems of Numbers
      • Abstract
      • 2.1 Introduction and Basic Concepts
      • 2.2 Symmetric and Antisymmetric Systems
      • 2.3 Operations with Systems
      • 2.4 Summation Convention
      • 2.5 Unit Symmetric and Antisymmetric Systems
    • 3: Vector Spaces
      • Abstract
      • 3.1 Introduction and Basic Concepts
      • 3.2 Definition of a Vector Space
      • 3.3 The Euclidean Metric Space
      • 3.4 The Riemannian Spaces
    • 4: Definitions of Tensors
      • Abstract
      • 4.1 Transformations of Variables
      • 4.2 Contravariant Vectors
      • 4.3 Covariant Vectors
      • 4.4 Invariants (Scalars)
      • 4.5 Contravariant Tensors
      • 4.6 Covariant Tensors
      • 4.7 Mixed Tensors
      • 4.8 Symmetry Properties of Tensors
      • 4.9 Symmetric and Antisymmetric Parts of Tensors
      • 4.10 Tensor Character of Systems
    • 5: Relative Tensors
      • Abstract
      • 5.1 Introduction and Definitions
      • 5.2 Unit Antisymmetric Tensors
      • 5.3 Vector Product in Three Dimensions
      • 5.4 Mixed Product in Three Dimensions
      • 5.5 Orthogonal Coordinate Transformations
    • 6: The Metric Tensor
      • Abstract
      • 6.1 Introduction and Definitions
      • 6.2 Associated Vectors and Tensors
      • 6.3 Arc Length of Curves: Unit Vectors
      • 6.4 Angles between Vectors
      • 6.5 Schwarz Inequality
      • 6.6 Orthogonal and Physical Vector Coordinates
    • 7: Tensors as Linear Operators
      • Abstract
  • Part 2: Tensor Analysis
    • 8: Tensor Derivatives
      • Abstract
      • 8.1 Differentials of Tensors
      • 8.2 Covariant Derivatives
      • 8.3 Properties of Covariant Derivatives
      • 8.4 Absolute Derivatives of Tensors
    • 9: Christoffel Symbols
      • Abstract
      • 9.1 Properties of Christoffel Symbols
      • 9.2 Relation to the Metric Tensor
    • 10: Differential Operators
      • Abstract
      • 10.1 The Hamiltonian ∇-Operator
      • 10.2 Gradient of Scalars
      • 10.3 Divergence of Vectors and Tensors
      • 10.4 Curl of Vectors
      • 10.5 Laplacian of Scalars and Tensors
      • 10.6 Integral Theorems for Tensor Fields
    • 11: Geodesic Lines
      • Abstract
      • 11.1 Lagrange Equations
      • 11.2 Geodesic Equations
    • 12: The Curvature Tensor
      • Abstract
      • 12.1 Definition of the Curvature Tensor
      • 12.2 Properties of the Curvature Tensor
      • 12.3 Commutator of Covariant Derivatives
      • 12.4 Ricci Tensor and Scalar
      • 12.5 Curvature Tensor Components
  • Part 3: Special Theory of Relativity
    • 13: Relativistic Kinematics
      • Abstract
      • 13.1 The Principle of Relativity
      • 13.2 Invariance of the Speed of Light
      • 13.3 The Interval between Events
      • 13.4 Lorentz Transformations
      • 13.5 Velocity and Acceleration Vectors
    • 14: Relativistic Phenomena
      • Abstract
      • 14.1 Introduction
      • 14.2 Time Dilatation
      • 14.3 Length Contraction
      • 14.4 Relativistic Addition of Velocities
      • 14.5 The Twin Paradox
    • 15: Relativistic Dynamics
      • Abstract
      • 15.1 Lagrange Equations
      • 15.2 Energy-Momentum Vector
      • 15.3 Angular Momentum Tensor
    • 16: Electromagnetic Fields
      • Abstract
      • 16.1 Electromagnetic Field Tensor
      • 16.2 Gauge Invariance
      • 16.3 Lorentz Transformations and Invariants
    • 17: Electromagnetic Field Equations
      • Abstract
      • 17.1 Electromagnetic Current Vector
      • 17.2 Maxwell Equations
      • 17.3 Electromagnetic Potentials
      • 17.4 Energy-Momentum Tensor
  • Part 4: General Theory of Relativity
    • 18: Gravitational Fields
      • Abstract
      • 18.1 Introduction
      • 18.2 Time Intervals and Distances
      • 18.3 Particle Dynamics
      • 18.4 Electromagnetic Field Equations
    • 19: Gravitational Field Equations
      • Abstract
      • 19.1 The Action Integral
      • 19.2 Action for Matter Fields
      • 19.3 Einstein Field Equations
    • 20: Solutions of Field Equations
      • Abstract
      • 20.1 The Newton Law
      • 20.2 The Schwarzschild Solution
    • 21: Applications of the Schwarzschild Metric
      • Abstract
      • 21.1 The Perihelion Advance
      • 21.2 The Black Holes
    • 22: Gravitational Waves
      • Abstract
      • 22.1 Introduction
      • 22.2 Linearized Einstein Field Equations
      • 22.3 Plane-wave Solutions
      • 22.4 Effects of Gravitational Waves on Particles
      • 22.5 Generation of Gravitational Radiation
  • Part 5: Elements of Cosmology
    • 23: The Robertson-Walker Metric
      • Abstract
      • 23.1 Introduction and Basic Observations
      • 23.2 Metric Definition and Properties
      • 23.3 The Hubble Law
      • 23.4 The Cosmological Red Shifts
    • 24: The Cosmic Dynamics
      • Abstract
      • 24.1 The Einstein Tensor
      • 24.2 Friedmann Equations
    • 25: Non-static Models of the Universe
      • Abstract
      • 25.1 Solutions of Friedmann Equations
      • 25.2 Closed or Open Universe
      • 25.3 Newtonian Cosmology
    • 26: The Quantum Cosmology
      • Abstract
      • 26.1 Introduction
      • 26.2 Wheeler-De Witt Equation
      • 26.3 The Wave Function of the Universe
  • Bibliography
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
276
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2015
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780128034019
Paperback ISBN:
9780128033975

About the Author

Mirjana Dalarsson

Mirjana Dalarsson is affiliated with the Research and Development program at Ericsson Corporation. She holds a Licentiate degree in Engineering Physics and has more than 25 years of research and teaching experience. Former affiliations in the academic and private sector include the Royal Institute of Technology, Belgrade University, Uppsala University, and ABB Corporation.

Affiliations and Expertise

Ericsson Research and Development, Stockholm, Sweden

Nils Dalarsson

Nils Dalarsson has been with the Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Theoretical Physics in Stockholm, Sweden, since 1999. His research and teaching experience spans 32 years. Former academic and private sector affiliations include University of Virginia, Uppsala University, FSB Corporation, France Telecom Corporation, Ericsson Corporation, and ABB Corporation. He holds a PhD in Theoretical Physics, an MSc in Engineering Physics, and an MSc in Education.

Affiliations and Expertise

Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Theoretical Physics, Stockholm, Sweden