Telecommunications Engineer's Reference Book

Telecommunications Engineer's Reference Book

1st Edition - January 1, 1993

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  • Editor: Fraidoon Mazda
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483193793

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Description

Telecommunications Engineer's Reference Book maintains a balance between developments and established technology in telecommunications. This book consists of four parts. Part 1 introduces mathematical techniques that are required for the analysis of telecommunication systems. The physical environment of telecommunications and basic principles such as the teletraffic theory, electromagnetic waves, optics and vision, ionosphere and troposphere, and signals and noise are described in Part 2. Part 3 covers the political and regulatory environment of the telecommunications industry, telecommunication standards, open system interconnect reference model, multiple access techniques, and network management. The last part deliberates telecommunication applications that includes synchronous digital hierarchy, asynchronous transfer mode, integrated services digital network, switching systems, centrex, and call management. This publication is intended for practicing engineers, and as a supplementary text for undergraduate courses in telecommunications.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    List of Contributors

    Part 1 - Mathematical Techniques

    1 Statistical Analysis

    Introduction

    Data Presentation

    Averages

    Dispersion From The Average

    Skewness

    Combinations and Permutations

    Regression and Correlation

    Probability

    Probability Distributions

    Sampling

    Tests of Significance

    Bibliography

    2 Fourier Analysis

    Introduction

    Generalized Fourier Expansion

    Fourier Transforms

    Discrete Sequences

    The Discrete Fourier Transform

    The Inverse Discrete Fourier Transform

    The Fast Fourier Transform

    Linear Time-Invariant Digital Systems

    The Inverse Z-Transform

    Data Truncation

    Conclusions

    References

    3 Queuing Theory

    Introduction

    Models Based on the Exponential

    Markov Process and Markov Chains

    Transform Methods

    Queuing Networks

    Queuing Models for Multi-Access Channels

    References

    4 Information Theory

    Introduction

    Information Capacity of a Store

    Information and Thermodynamics

    Mutual and Self Information

    Discrete Memoryless Channels

    Discrete Channels with Memory

    Continuous Channels

    References

    Part 2 - Physical Phenomena

    5 Teletraffic Theory

    Introduction

    Single Link Models

    Network Models

    Dynamic Routing Strategies

    Bibliography

    6 Electromagnetic Waves

    Principles

    Generation of the Electromagnetic Wave

    Reception of the Electromagnetic Wave

    The Space Wave

    The Sky Wave

    The Surface Wave

    References

    7 Optics and Vision

    Basic Concepts of Optical Radiation

    The Optical Spectrum

    Radiometry and Photometry

    Units of Measure

    Instrumentation

    The Human Eye

    Structure of the Eye

    The Eye as an Optical Instrument

    Defects of Vision

    Interaction of Light with Matter

    References

    8 Sound, Speech and Hearing

    Sound Waves

    Decibels

    Hearing

    Speech and Music

    Acoustics

    Psychoacoustics

    References

    9 The Ionosphere and the Troposphere

    The Ionosphere

    Formation of the Ionosphere and Its Morphology

    Ionospheric Effects on Radio Signals

    Communication and Monitoring Systems Relying on Ionospheric Probing Techniques

    Ionospheric Probing Techniques

    Propagation Prediction Procedures

    The Troposphere

    Survey of Propagation Modes in the Troposphere

    Tropospheric Effects in Space Communications

    Propagation and Co-Channel Interference

    Techniques for Studying Tropospheric Structures

    References

    10 Signals and Noise

    Definition of a Signal

    Waveform and Frequency

    Digital Signals

    Examples of Signals

    Classification of Signals

    Signal Representation

    Distortion of Signals

    Types of Noise

    Noise Units and Measurements

    Signal to Noise Ratio

    Noise Factor

    Noise Waveforms

    Part 3 - Communications Fundamentals

    11 The Telecommunications Industry

    Introduction

    The Telecommunication Model

    The Key Players

    Economic Considerations

    Services and Technology

    References

    12 Open Systems Interconnection Reference Model

    Introduction

    OSI Environment

    Layered Architecture

    Additional Layer Elements

    Specific OSI Layers

    Additional Provisions

    Conclusions

    Appendix

    13 Multiple Access Techniques

    Introduction

    Queuing Theory

    Performance Parameters

    Classification of Multiple Access Techniques

    Pure Contention Systems

    Contention Minimization Systems

    Non-Contention Systems

    References

    14 Coding

    The Need for Error Control Coding

    Principles of ECC

    Block Coding

    Interleaved and Concatenated Codes

    Cyclic Codes

    Convolution Codes

    Encryption

    Spread Spectrum Systems

    References

    15 Telecommunication Cables

    Introduction

    Symmetrical Pair Cables

    Coaxial Pair Cables

    Line Plant for Copper Cables

    Optical Fibers

    Optical Fiber Cables

    Cable Design

    Line Plant for Optical Cables

    CCITT Standardized Optical Fibers

    Future Developments

    References

    Acknowledgments

    16 Network Management

    The Need for Network Management

    Network Management Structures

    Network Management Hierarchy

    Network Management Functions

    Trends in Network Management

    The OSI Model

    OSI Network Management Concepts

    The Telecommunication Management Network

    The Simple Network Management Protocol

    Bibliography

    17 Antennas

    Types of Antennas

    Basic Properties

    Generic Antenna Types

    Specific Antenna Types

    Antennas Used in Communication Systems

    References

    18 Analog Modulation

    Introduction

    Amplitude Modulation

    Frequency and Phase Modulation

    Pulse Modulation

    Acknowledgments

    References

    19 Digital Modulation

    Introduction

    Digital Transmission

    Digital Modulation of a Carrier

    Pulse Code Modulation

    Differential Pulse Code Modulation

    Delta Modulation

    Coding Program Quality Sound

    Coding Video Signals

    Acknowledgments

    References

    20 Frequency Division Multiplexing

    FDM Principles

    History

    FDM Hierarchy

    Frequency Translation

    Carriers

    Pilots

    Noise Contributions

    Measurement of Noise Contributions

    Overload

    Hypothetical Reference System

    Companding

    Through Connections

    Transmultiplexers

    Repeatered Cable Line Equipment

    References

    21 Time Division Multiplexing

    General Definition

    Digital Time Division Multiplex Structure

    The Digital Hierarchy Levels

    The T Carrier Framing and Coding Formats

    The CEPT PCM-30 Framing Format

    T1 and PCM-30 Alarms and Error Conditions

    Coding Schemes

    Examples of Digital Network Services

    22 Telecommunication Standards

    The Growth of Telecommunication Standards

    The Standards Making Process

    International Standards Organizations

    European Standards

    USA Standards Organizations

    Canadian Standards Organizations

    Japanese Standards Organizations

    Australian Standards Organizations

    New Zealand Standards Organizations

    Bibliography

    23 Safety and EMC

    Introduction

    Safety

    Basic Elements of Telecom Safety

    Classical Safety Standards

    Telecom Safety Considerations

    EN41003

    Choice of Relevant Safety Requirements

    Documentation

    Electromagnetic Compatibility

    EMC Legislation and Standards

    Interference Coupling Mechanisms

    Circuit Design and Layout

    Shielding

    Filtering

    Cables and Connectors

    References

    24 Telecommunication Power Systems

    Introduction

    A.C. Systems

    D.C. Systems

    Battery Systems

    Power Supply Distribution

    Power for Computer Systems

    Customer Systems

    Power Management Systems

    Maintenance and Costs

    Mobile Power Plant

    Power Plant Accommodation

    Building Engineering Services

    Reliability and Cost

    Future Developments

    References

    Acknowledgment

    25 Software Systems in Telecommunications

    Overview

    Stages in the Software Lifecycle

    Software Design Techniques

    Lifecycle for each Software Design Technique

    Software Simulation

    Programming Languages

    Testing Procedures

    Software Development Environments

    Software Configuration Management

    Software Cost Estimating

    Software Quality and Reliability

    References

    26 Radio Spectrum Management

    Introduction

    Frequency Assignment

    International Frequency Allocation

    International Spectrum Management

    National Frequency Management

    Efficient Spectrum Utilization

    References

    27 Radiowave Propagation

    Introduction

    The Radio Frequency Spectrum

    Free Space Propagation

    The Propagation Medium

    Low and Medium Frequency Ground Waves

    High Frequency Skywave Propagation

    Terrestrial Line of Site Propagation

    Over The Horizon Transmissions

    Propagation for Satellite Communications

    Summary of Radio Wave Propagation

    References

    28 Digital Transmission

    Design Principles

    Transmission Error Performance

    Line Codes

    Clock Extraction

    Frame Alignment

    References

    Part 4 - Communications Applications

    29 Telephone Networks

    Introduction

    Network Architecture

    Network Standards

    Transmission

    Integrated Digital Networks

    Network Services

    Numbering and Charging

    Routing

    Dimensioning

    References

    30 Transmission Planning

    Introduction

    Purpose of a Transmission Plan

    Typical Service Groups

    End to End Requirements

    Meeting End to End Requirements

    Key Influence on End to End Performance

    Summary of Interactions

    Example Transmission Plan

    Future Network Trends

    References

    31 Principles of Switching Systems

    Introduction

    Structure of Telephone Systems

    Teletraffic

    Analog Switching

    Digital Switching

    Stored Program Control

    Operational Security

    Bibliography

    32 Telephone Exchanges

    Introduction

    TXE Analog Exchanges

    The TXE2 System

    The TXE4 System

    System 12 Overview

    System 12 Architecture

    System 12 Operation and Maintenance (O&M)

    The AXE System Concept

    AXE Implementation

    AXE Applications and Features

    DMS System

    The DMS Switching Network

    DMS Peripheral Module (PM)

    DMS-Core

    DMS-Bus

    DMS Software

    DMS-Link

    DMS OA&M

    Further Evolution with DMS

    33 Structured Cabling Systems and Voice Distribution Frames

    Introduction

    Structured Cabling

    System Components

    Network Topology

    Services

    System Performance

    Testing

    Voice Distribution Frames

    Computer Aided Cable Layout

    References

    Appendix

    34 PABX and Key Systems

    Purpose of Key Systems and PABXS

    PABX Architecture

    Trunk Circuits

    Private Networking

    Line Circuits

    Control and Administration

    Data Transmission

    Cordless PABX and Key Systems

    35 Centrex

    Introduction

    Centrex Services

    Development of the Centrex Market

    References

    36 Call Management

    Introduction

    Why Call Management?

    Special Needs

    Call Accounting

    System Interfaces

    Call Management Trends

    References

    37 Voice Processing

    The Voice Processing Market

    Anatomy of a Voice Processing System

    Future Directions

    Bibliography

    38 Electronic Data Interchange

    Fundamentals

    EDI in The Messaging Marketplace

    Messaging Standards

    Technical Infrastructure

    Internal Topologies

    X.500 Directory Services

    Security

    Global Van Topologies

    Future Trends

    39 Modems

    Introduction

    Principles of Operation

    Modem Standards

    Types of Modem

    Typical Modem Features

    Applications

    References

    40 Multiplexers

    Introduction

    Time Division Multiplexers

    Statistical Time Division Multiplexing

    High Order Multiplexing

    Multiplexing and Packet Switching

    X.25 and OSI

    Physical Layer Standards

    Multiplexers in Communications Networks

    The Future of Multiplexing

    41 Asynchronous Transfer Mode

    Overview and Content

    History

    ATM: Basic Principles

    Standards for ATM

    Quality of Service Performance Requirements

    References

    42 The Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH)

    Introduction

    PDH Deficiencies

    The Basis of SDH

    The SDH Standards

    Control and Management

    SDH Based Networks

    Impact of Broadband Standards

    Future Technologies

    Conclusions

    References

    43 Signaling Systems

    Analog Network Signaling

    Common Channel Signaling

    Digital Network Signaling

    References

    44 The Integrated Services Digital Network

    Introduction

    International Standards for ISDN

    ISDN Services Aspects

    Network Aspects

    User/Network Interfaces

    ISDN Development in The U.K. ISDN Applications

    Broadband ISDN

    Bibliography

    45 Radio Paging

    Introduction

    Markets

    Frequency Allocations

    Paging Receiver Types

    On Site Paging

    Large on Site Systems

    Wide Area Paging

    Paging Receiver Design

    Private Wide Area Paging

    PAN- European Systems

    Indirect Satellite Paging

    Bibliography

    46 PMR and Trunked Radio Systems

    Private Mobile Radio

    PMR Systems

    Trunked Mobile Radio

    Band III

    The Use of Troposcatter

    Transmission Standards

    Analog Signaling

    Data Transmission

    Applications

    Appendix

    References

    47 Cellular Radio Systems

    Introduction

    Principles of Operation

    Radio Planning

    Overview of Systems

    Detailed Description of GSM

    Services

    Future Developments

    Conclusions

    References

    48 Personal Communications Networks

    Introduction

    History

    PCN Definition

    Overview of the PCN Network

    Call Set Up

    Planning a PCN

    Mobility

    Radio Channel Coding

    PCN Base Station Design

    Microcells

    Bibliography

    49 Cordless Telecommunications

    Introduction

    Digital Technology

    CT2/CAI Digital Specification

    DECT Digital Specification

    References

    50 Line of Sight Radio Systems

    Microwave System Path Design Considerations

    Short Haul and Millimetre Path Design

    Digital and Analog Microwave Systems

    System Specifications and Equipment Design

    51 Communication Satellite and Systems

    Background

    International Regulations

    Spacecraft Technology

    The Communication Chain

    Applications

    Satellite Systems

    Future Developments

    Acknowledgments

    References

    Bibliography

    52 Point to Multipoint Urban and Rural Radio

    Introduction

    Urban Multipoint Systems

    Rural Multipoint Systems

    Economics of Urban and Rural Systems

    References

    53 Fiber Optic Communications

    Principles of Light Transmission

    Optical Sources

    Optical Detectors

    Optical Receivers and Transmitters

    Optical System Design

    Applications of Fiber Optic Communications

    The Future of Fiber Networks

    54 Packet Switching

    History and Underlying Concepts

    Packet Switched Call

    The Packet Switched Network

    Packet Switching and the OSI Model

    Datagram Networks

    Routing Over Packet Switched Networks

    Packet Switching Equipment

    55 Fast Packet Switching

    Introduction

    Frame Relay

    Cell Relay

    Conclusions

    References

    56 Local and Wide Area Networking

    Introduction

    Network Development

    Digital Networks

    Development of Local Area Networks (LANs)

    Interworking Devices

    LAN/WAN Challenge for The 1990s

    Acknowledgment

    57 Video Transmission

    Principles of Video Transmission

    Television Transmission

    Cable Distribution Systems

    Digital Video Coding

    Videophony and Videoconferencing

    References

    58 Telephones and Headsets

    Telephones

    Telephone Speech Functions

    Telephone Transmitters

    Telephone Receivers

    Telephone Handset Design

    Telephone Transmission Performance

    Signaling

    Loudspeaking Telephones

    Digital Telephones

    Telephone Standards

    Headsets

    Headset Aesthetics

    Headset Technical Considerations

    The Growing Need for Headsets

    Headset Approval Process

    Headset Design Criteria

    59 Telex Communications

    Introduction

    Characteristics of Telex

    Telex Signaling

    Telex Protocol

    Telex Terminals

    60 Facsimile Transmission

    Introduction

    Facsimile Types

    CCITT Document Facsimile Equipment

    G3 Facsimile Equipment

    64kbit/s Facsimile Equipment

    G3 Networks, Switches, Gateways and PCX Fax

    Facsimile Futures

    Bibliography

    61 Telecommunication System Measurements

    Digital Circuit Testing

    Interface Measurements

    Error Performance Measurements

    Data Communications Network Measurements

    ISDN Test Equipment

    Introduction to Cellular Radio

    Analog Cellular Test Equipment

    Digital Cellular Test Equipment

    The OSI Model and GSM

    The Radio Path or Physical Layer (Layer 1)

    Data Link Layer (Layer 2)

    Network Layer (Layer 3)

    A.F. and Speech Codec Measurements

    Test Set Up Configurations

    References

    62 Glossary

    Introduction

    Acronyms

    Glossary of Terms

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1142
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1993
  • Published: January 1, 1993
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483193793

About the Editor

Fraidoon Mazda

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