Technology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780434985968, 9781483183213

Technology

1st Edition

Made Simple

Authors: Don McCloy
eBook ISBN: 9781483183213
Imprint: Made Simple
Published Date: 1st January 1984
Page Count: 352
Tax/VAT will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT (GST)
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
30% off
20% off
20% off
72.95
51.06
51.06
51.06
51.06
51.06
58.36
58.36
43.99
30.79
30.79
30.79
30.79
30.79
35.19
35.19
54.95
38.47
38.47
38.47
38.47
38.47
43.96
43.96
Unavailable
Price includes VAT (GST)
× DRM-Free

Easy - Download and start reading immediately. There’s no activation process to access eBooks; all eBooks are fully searchable, and enabled for copying, pasting, and printing.

Flexible - Read on multiple operating systems and devices. Easily read eBooks on smart phones, computers, or any eBook readers, including Kindle.

Open - Buy once, receive and download all available eBook formats, including PDF, EPUB, and Mobi (for Kindle).

Institutional Access

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.

Description

Technology: Made Simple focuses on the history, processes, methodologies, principles, and advancements in technology.

The publication first elaborates on the history and development of technology and how it extends the muscles, senses, communication, and control of man. Discussions focus on amplifiers, control and human operators, stability, sense of touch, hearing, and vision, basics of a measurement system, rotary and linear engines, transmission of power, empiricism and science, and conservation of energy. The text then takes a look at how technology extends the capabilities of the brain, models and optimization, and the methodology of technology. Topics include implementation of the solution, search for alternative solutions, operational research techniques for finding the optimum, optimization using mathematical models, symbolic, analogue, and iconic models, electronic computer, and data representation in the computer.

The manuscript ponders on the relationship of technology and society, structure and operation in the industries, and technology in action, including transportation, robots, company organization, manufacturing industry, men and machines, and appropriate technology.

The text is a valuable source of information for students and researchers wanting to dig deeper into the developments in technology.

Table of Contents


Foreword

1 The History and Development of Technology

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Methodology

1.3 Empiricism and Science

1.4 Energy

Machines

Animal Power

Wind and Water

The Steam Engine

1.5 Science and Technology

1.6 The Conservation of Energy

The Subtlety of Heat

Entropy

1.7 Materials

The Stone Age

Copper

Iron

Science of Materials

1.8 Technology Today

1.9 Concluding Remarks

1.10 Exercises

1.11 Further Reading

2 Technology Extends Man's Muscles

2.1 Man's Limitations

2.2 Machines

The Lever

The Wheel and Axle

The Pulley

The Inclined Plane

The Screw

2.3 Engines

2.4 Piston Engines

The Four-Stroke Cycle

The Two-Stroke Cycle

The Diesel Engine

2.5 Rotary Engines

The Windmill

The Waterwheel

Water Turbines

Steam Turbines

Gas Turbines

2.6 Linear Engines

2.7 Transmission of Power

Mechanical Transmission

Hydrostatic Transmission

Electrical Transmission

2.8 Exercises

2.9 Further Reading

3 Technology Extends Man's Senses and Communication

3.1 Introduction

3.2 The Six Senses

Receptors

The Brain

3.3 The Sense of Touch

The Cutaneous Sense

The Kinesthetic Sense

3.4 The Sense of Hearing

3.5 The Sense of Vision

3.6 The Senses of Taste and Smell

3.7 Why we Need Measuring Instruments

3.8 The Basics of a Measurement System

Basic Units

Derived Units

3.9 Measurement Systems

Length and Linear Displacement

Linear and Angular Velocity

Mass and Force

Time

Temperature

3.10 Errors and Accuracy

Accountable Errors

Unaccountable Errors

3.11 Communication

Telecommunications

3.12 Noise and Information

3.13 Exercises

3.14 Further Reading

4 Technology Extends Man's Control

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Amplifiers

4.3 On-Off Amplifiers

4.4 Continuous Amplifiers

A Mechanical Amplifier

Electronic Amplifiers

Fluid Amplifiers

4.5 Open Loop Control

4.6 Closed Loop Control

4.7 Control and Human Operators

4.8 Automatic Control

Servomechanisms

Early Examples of Automatic Control

4.9 Quantitative Analysis of Control Systems

4.10 Modes of Control

4.11 Stability

Effect of Lags

Instability

Effect of Dead Time

4.12 Controlling the Order of Events

4.13 Exercises

4.14 Further Reading

5 Technology Extends Man's Brain

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Historical Survey

5.3 Mechanical Calculators

5.4 The Electronic Computer

5.5 What is a Computer?

5.6 Data Representation in the Computer

5.7 Calculating in Binary

5.8 The Computer's Basic Operations

Logic Gates

Addition Using Logic Gates

5.9 Control

5.10 The Store

Magnetic Core

The Flip-Flop

RAM and ROM

5.11 How to Tell the Computer What to Do

Machine Code

Assembly Code

High-Level Languages

5.12 Programming Principles

Basic Arithmetic

5.13 Program Development

Flow Charts

5.14 Peripherals

Input Devices

Output Devices

Backing Store

5.15 Exercises

5.16 Further Reading

6 Models and Optimisation: Tools for the Technologist

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Iconic Models

6.3 Symbolic Models

Symbolism of Mental Images

Symbolism of Written Language

Symbolism of Mathematical Notation

6.4 Analogue Models

6.5 Computers in Simulation

Analogue Computers

Digital Computers in Simulation

6.6 Empirical Models

6.7 Models with Feedback

6.8 Optimisation

6.9 Optimisation Using Mathematical Models

Designing a Tray for Minimum Cost

Optimising Stocks

Maximum Power from a Hydraulic Actuator

Minimising the Amount of Material in a Structure

Minimising Distance

6.10 Can we Achieve the Optimum?

6.11 Operational Research Techniques for Finding the Optimum

Linear Programming

Critical Path Analysis

Dynamic Programming

6.12 Exercises

6.13 Further Reading

7 The Methodology of Technology

7.1 Introduction

7.2 The Methodology of Technology

7.3 Basic Needs

Needs and Demands

Identifying the Real Need

7.4 The Search for Alternative Solutions

Knowing Enough About It

Brainstorming

Morphological Analysis

7.5 Elimination of Non-starters

Human Constraints

Legal Factors

Economic Factors

Technical Factors

7.6 Choosing the Best Solution

Assessing the Benefits

Counting the Costs

The Consumer's and the Technologist's View of Costs

7.7 Implementation of the Solution

7.8 Exercises

7.9 Further Reading

8 Technology in Action

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Transportation

The Automobile

The Town Car

Vehicle Propulsion

Batteries

Linear Motors

Pneumatic Propulsion

Suspension and Support

Control of Transportation Systems

Micro Control

Macro Control

New Ideas for Public Transport

Personal Rapid Transit

Moving Pavements

8.3 Robots

Automata

Instructing and Controlling the Robot

Industrial Robots

Robot Intelligence

8.4 Conclusions

8.5 Exercises

8.6 Further Reading

9 Industry: Structures and Operation

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Industry

Direct and Indirect Production

The Division of Labour

What Do Producers Need?

The Three Types of Production

9.3 British Industry

9.4 Manufacturing Industry

9.5 Company Performance

9.6 The Subsections of Industry

Production

Research and Development

Marketing

Sales

Finance

Personnel

Industrial Relations

Ancillary Services

9.7 Company Organisation

9.8 Exercises

9.9 Further Reading

10 Technology and Society

10.1 Introduction

10.2 The Environment and Earth's Resources

The Population Constraint!

Constraints on Agricultural Land

Constraints on the Chemical Elements

Constraints on Fuels

How Long will Resources Last?

The Pollution Constraint

Conclusions

10.3 Appropriate Technology

Appropriate Technology in Water Engineering

10.4 Men and Machines

The Industrial Revolution

Changes in the Textile Industry

Reactions Against the Machines

Employment and the Microprocessor

The Office of the Future

Conclusions

10.5 Exercises

10.6 Further Reading

Appendix 1: The SI System

Appendix 2: Answers to Selected Exercises

Index

Details

No. of pages:
352
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Made Simple 1984
Published:
Imprint:
Made Simple
eBook ISBN:
9781483183213

About the Author

Don McCloy