Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials in Near and/or Supercritical Fluids

Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials in Near and/or Supercritical Fluids

Methods, Fundamentals and Modeling

1st Edition - November 26, 2021

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  • Authors: Can Erkey, Michael Turk
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444640901
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780444640895

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Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials in Near and/or Supercritical Fluids: Methods, Fundamentals and Modeling offers a comprehensive review of the current status of research, development and insights on promising future directions, covering the synthesis of nanostructured materials using supercritical fluid-based processes. The book presents fundamental aspects such as high-pressure phase behavior of complex mixtures, thermodynamics and kinetics of adsorption from supercritical solutions, mechanisms of particle formation phenomena in supercritical fluid-based processes, and models for further development. It bridges the gap between theory and application, and is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and students alike.

Key Features

  • Includes thermodynamic and mass transfer data necessary for industrial plant design
  • Explains the mechanisms of reactions in a supercritical fluid environment
  • Lists numerous industrial processes for the production of many consumer products


Chemical engineers, materials scientists, chemists and physicists from both, academia and industry. The book could be used for a graduate level course on supercritical fluids

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1. Introduction

    1.1 Some conventions

    1.2 Scope of the book

    1.3 Motivation

    Chapter 2. Compounds of interest

    2.1. Introduction

    2.2 Types of coordination compounds

    2.3 Structures and bonding in coordination of compounds

    2.4 Reactions of organometallic compounds

    Chapter 3. Fundamental aspects of pure supercritical fluids

    3.1 Thermal and caloric properties

    3.2 Transport properties

    Chapter 4. Thermodynamics of mixtures of metal complexes with supercritical fluids

    4.1 Phase behavior

    4.2 Solubility of metal complexes in CO2

    4.3 Transport properties

    4.4 Techniques to measure solubility of metal complexes in SCFs

    4.5 Modeling solubility of metal complexes in SCFs

    Chapter 5. Thermodynamic and kinetic of adsorption of metal complexes on substrates from supercritical solutions

    5.1 Adsorption isotherms

    5.2 Adsorption of SCFs

    5.3 Adsorption of solutes from supercritical mixtures

    5.4 Adsorption of metal complexes on surfaces

    5.5 Techniques to measure adsorption behavior

    5.5 Modeling thermodynamic and kinetic of adsorption

    Chapter 6. Synthesis of nanostructured composites of metals by

    Supercritical Fluid Reactive Deposition (SFRD)

    6.1 Supported nanoparticles on inorganic and carbon supports

    6.2 Polymer-supported nanoparticles

    6.3 Supported bimetallic and multi-component nanoparticles

    6.4 Metallic Films

    6.5 Conditions for successful particle / film formation

    6.6 Characterization techniques

    Chapter 7. Synthesis of metal-oxide nanoparticles / films

    7.1 Continuous Hydrothermal Synthesis in near- / supercritical H2O (CHTS)

    7.2 Continuous Thermal Decomposition in solvents (e.g. CO2, EtOH) or a mixture (CTD)

    7.3 Conditions for successful particle formation

    7.4 Characterization techniques

    Chapter 8. Modeling of Particle Formation in Supercritical Fluids

    8.1 SFRD Process

    8.2 CHTS Process

    8.3 CTD Process

    Chapter 9. Future Research Needs and Developments

Product details

  • No. of pages: 282
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: November 26, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444640901
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780444640895

About the Authors

Can Erkey

Can Erkey works in the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering at Koc University in Istanbul, Turkey.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Koc University, Istanbul, Turkey

Michael Turk

Michael Turk
Michael Türk received his Dipl.-Ing. degree in Chemical Engineering from the Universität Karlsruhe (Technische Hochschule). In 1993 M. Türk completed his PhD thesis in the field of thermodynamic properties and intermolecular interactions of binary gaseous mixtures. In his professorial dissertation of 2001 a theory was proposed allowing understanding of the relationship between process conditions and the properties of organic particles produced by supercritical fluid based processes.

His current research activities are focused on the use of supercritical fluids (mainly CO2 and H2O) as media to prepare organic, inorganic and metallic materials by physical transformation or chemical reaction and the development of new, energy-efficient and environmentally-friendly strategies to create novel products with extraordinary performance for pharmaceutical, energy and biomedical applications.

So far, M. Türk has authored 125 articles (including 13 book chapters); has graduated 20 PhD students (10 as supervisor and 10 as co-advisor) and more than 50 Diploma / Master and 15 Bachelor students.

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for Technical Thermodynamics and Refrigeration, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany

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