Sustainable Vehicle Technologies

Sustainable Vehicle Technologies

Driving the Green Agenda

1st Edition - November 6, 2012

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  • Author: Institution of Mechanical Engineers
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857094575

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Description

This book contains the papers from the IMechE’s Sustainable Vehicle Technologies 2012 conference. An innovative technical conference organised by the Automobile Division of the IMechE, it follows on from the 2009 Low Carbon Vehicle conference, which established a high standard with presentations primarily focussed on powertrain technology. The conference examines the latest advances in technology with a view towards understanding the consequences of carbon dioxide reduction over the entire vehicle lifecycle. Papers cover all aspects of the finite resources available for vehicle production, operation and recycling.

Key Features

  • Presents the papers from this leading conference
  • Covers life time emissions and sustainability over the entire product life-cycle
  • Considers all areas of environmental pollution in addition to the goals for delivering low-carbon vehicles

Readership

Automotive engineers, Design engineers, Automotive manufacturers, Low carbon specialists; Academics and students

Table of Contents

  • LCA

    Chapter 1: Energy demand assessment of electrified drivetrains in material extraction and system manufacturing

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Methodological approach

    3 State of the art of electric and hybrid vehicles

    4 Analysis of the material composition

    5 Analysis of the material extraction phase

    6 Analysis of the manufacturing phase

    7 Summary and sensitivity analysis

    8 Strategic opportunities and implications

    Chapter 2: Evaluating and prioritising sustainable vehicle technologies: compliance, competition, conservation and context

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Multiple Perspectives

    3 Value

    4 SVT Evaluation Process

    5 SVT Evaluation Frameworks

    6 Conclusion

    Chapter 3: A life cycle assessment comparison of rapeseed biodiesel and conventional diesel

    1 Abstract

    2 Background

    3 Introduction to LCA

    4 LCA of biodiesel

    5 Results and discussion

    6 Concluding remarks

    Chapter 4: Improving the sustainability of aluminium sheet

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Aluminium materials strategy

    3 Aluminium vehicle weight

    4 Sustainability – recycling benefits

    5 Sustainability – sources of recycled alumnium

    6 Sustainability - 5XXX sheet alloy developments

    7 Sustainability - brunel university ‘twin roll casting’

    8 Sustainability - recycling promotion

    9 Conclusions

    10 Acknowledgements

    Appendix 1

    Chapter 5: Advanced phase powertrain design attribute and technology value mapping

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Product development costs

    3 Value engineering

    4 Consumer driven product

    5 What is an attribute and why is it important?

    6 The importance of systems engineering in practice

    7 Product value - innovation

    8 Product architecture

    9 Design for six sigma

    10 Proposed new methodology framework

    11 Conclusion

    12 Future development

    Acknowledgement

    Fuels

    Chapter 6: Ammonia as a hydrogen energy carrier and its application to internal combustion engines

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Energy expended in transporting fuel to consumers

    3 Energy storage in vehicles

    4 Engine combustion

    5 Practicality of heavy duty applications

    6 Conclusion

    Chapter 7: Evolutionary decarbonization of transport: a contiguous roadmap to affordable mobility using sustainable organic fuels for transport

    1 Introduction: methanol as a transport fuel

    2 Methanol and higher hydrocarbon fuels from fully-sustainable sources

    3 Introducing methanol into the transport fuel system by using ternary blends in existing flex-fuel vehicles

    4 Experiments into engine load control and efficiency improvements utilizing pure methanol

    5 The role of taxation in realizing a carbon-free future

    6 A roadmap to a completely fossil-decarbonized future

    7 Conclusions

    Chapter 8: High pressure grid CNG: the low CO2 option for HGVs

    Abstract

    1 Executive summary

    2 Introduction

    3 Cng station design

    4 UK GAS GRID

    5 Energy used in compression to make cng from different gas grids pressure tiers

    6 Total CO2 Impact of compression

    7 Energy used for gas drying and link to pressure tiers

    8 Well-to-tank emissions of cng compared to diesel and gasoline

    9 Tank-to-wheel emissions for cng dual fuel compared to diesel

    10 Conclusions

    Chapter 9: Materials handling vehicles; an early market sector for hydrogen fuel cells within Europe

    Abstract

    1 Material handling vehicles

    2 Policy approach

    3 European material handling projects

    4 Conclusions

    Acknowledgement

    Duty Cycle

    Chapter 10: Electric vehicle efficiency mapping

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Description of technology

    3 Ev passenger car drive cycle range performance

    4 Ev range and efficiency mapping

    5 Drive cycle efficiency

    6 Charging and battery efficiencies

    7 Overall ev efficiency

    8 Summary and conclusions

    9 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 11: Dependence on technology, drivers, roads, and congestion of real-world vehicle fuel consumption

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Covering the corners of vehicle emissions

    3 Fuel consumption as the lumped sum

    4 Conclusions

    Energy Usage Reduction

    Chapter 12: The environmental case for bespoke double deck trailers

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Definition of a double-deck trailer

    3 The bulk collection, retail delivery trailer

    4 Other styles of bespoke double-deck trailer

    5 Future development potential

    Chapter 13: Aerodynamic drag reduction for low carbon vehicles

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Vista EVX

    3 LCVTP

    4 Discussion

    5 Conclusions

    Chapter 14: Vehicle light weighting using a new CAE tool for predicting thin film defects in high strength castings

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Technical challenge

    3 CAE Modelling

    4 Conclusion

    Chapter 15: Vehicle optimisation for regenerative brake energy maximisation

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Simulation environment

    3 Verification

    4 Parametric studies

    5 Conclusion

    Propulsion (Energy Efficiency)

    Chapter 16: Direct heat recovery from the ICE exhaust gas

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Model Description and Validation

    3 Direct Heat Recovery Technologies

    4 Simulation over ESC-13

    5 Conclusions

    Chapter 17: HyBoost – An intelligently electrified optimised downsized gasoline engine concept

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Hyboost Concept

    3 Results and Discussion

    Acknowledgement

    Propulsion

    Chapter 18: Development of a range extended electric vehicle demonstrator

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Mahle Range Extender Engine

    3 Reev Demonstrator

    4 Reev Fuel Consumption Assessment

    5 Conclusions

    Chapter 19: Modelling and simulation of a fuel cell powered medium duty vehicle platform

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Subject Platform

    3 Propulsion Architectures

    4 Vehicle Model

    5 Drive Cycle

    6 Data Analysis

    7 Discussion

    8 Conclusions

    9 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 20: Auxiliary power units for range extended electric vehicles

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Apu Requirements

    3 APU Options

    4 Engine Technology for APU Application

    5 Apu Technology Demonstrator

    6 Conclusions

    Author Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 248
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: November 6, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857094575

About the Author

Institution of Mechanical Engineers

The Institution of Mechanical Engineers is one of the leading professional engineering institutions in the world.

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