Sustainable Polylactide-Based Blends

Sustainable Polylactide-Based Blends

1st Edition - February 16, 2022

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  • Authors: Suprakas Sinha Ray, Ritima Banerjee
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323858687
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323858694

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Description

Sustainable Polylactide-Based Blends provides a critical overview of the state-of-the-art in polylactide (PLA)-based blends, addressing the latest advances, innovative processing techniques and fundamental issues that persist in the field. Sections cover the fundamentals of sustainable polymeric materials, polylactide and polymer blends, current and upcoming processing technologies, structure and morphology characterization techniques for PLA and PLA-based blends, and the processing, morphology development, and properties of polylactide-based blends. Final chapters focus on current and future applications, market potential, key challenges and future outlooks. Throughout the book, theoretical modeling of immiscible polymer blends helps to establish structure-property relationships in various PLA-based polymer blends. With in-depth coverage of fundamentals and processing techniques, the book aims to support the selection of each processing method, along with an understanding of surface chemistry to achieve improved compatibility between phases.

Key Features

  • Explains fundamental aspects of polylactide-based blends, including characterization methods and property measurement techniques
  • Offers comprehensive and detailed coverage of processing, morphology and properties, all organized by blend material
  • Analyzes novel methods and addresses challenges associated with PLA-based blends, with a focus on applications and market potential

Readership

Academic: Researchers, scientists, and advanced students, across polymer science, materials science, and engineering, as well as all those working with bio-based materials. Industry: Engineers, researchers, and R&D professionals interested in developing PLA-based sustainable products for a range of advanced applications

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • About the authors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • 1: Introduction
  • Abstract
  • 1.1: Background and motivation
  • 1.2: Polylactide: Advantages and challenges
  • 1.3: Polymer blend technology
  • 1.4: Polylactide blends research outputs
  • 1.5: Sustainability
  • 1.6: Scope of the book
  • 2: Terminology and dimensions of sustainability, life cycle assessment, and characteristics of sustainable polymer materials
  • Abstract
  • 2.1: Terminology
  • 2.2: The three dimensions of sustainability
  • 2.3: Life cycle assessment
  • 2.4: Characteristics of sustainable polymers
  • 2.5: Conclusions
  • 3: Science and technology of polylactide
  • Abstract
  • 3.1: Introduction
  • 3.2: Chemistry and synthesis of PLAs
  • 3.3: Properties
  • 3.4: Applications
  • 3.5: Biodegradation
  • 3.6: Life cycle assessment of PLA and PLA-based materials
  • 3.7: Conclusion
  • 4: Synthesis, properties, advantages, and challenges of bio-based and biodegradable polymers used for the preparation of blends with polylactide
  • Abstract
  • 4.1: Introduction
  • 4.2: Definition and characteristics of bio-based and biodegradable polymers
  • 4.3: Polymers derived from renewable resources
  • 4.4: Environmentally friendly polymers derived from fossil-fuel resources
  • 4.5: Advantages of biopolymers
  • 4.6: Challenges and opportunities of biopolymers
  • 4.7: Biopolymers market
  • 4.8: Conclusion
  • 5: Fundamentals of polymer blend technology
  • Abstract
  • 5.1: Basics of polymer blends
  • 5.2: Interphase and compatibilization
  • 5.3: Blend morphology development
  • 5.4: Effect of processing conditions on blend morphology
  • 5.5: Conclusions
  • 6: Processing technologies for polylactide-based blends
  • Abstract
  • 6.1: Blending methods and equipment
  • 6.2: Conclusions
  • 7: Techniques for structural and morphological characterization of polymer blends
  • Abstract
  • 7.1: Optical microscopy
  • 7.2: Scanning electron microscopy
  • 7.3: Transmission electron microscopy
  • 7.4: Atomic force microscopy
  • 7.5: Wide-angle X-ray diffraction
  • 7.6: Small-angle X-ray scattering
  • 7.7: Nuclear magnetic resonance
  • 7.8: Infrared spectroscopy
  • 7.9: Rheology
  • 7.10: Conclusions
  • 8: Mechanical models for polymer blends
  • Abstract
  • 8.1: Background of mechanical models
  • 8.2: Conclusions
  • 9: Polylactide stereocomplex
  • Abstract
  • 9.1: Basics of stereocomplex PLA
  • 9.2: Processing and structural characterization of stereocomplex PLA
  • 9.3: Degradability of stereocomplex PLA
  • 9.4: Mechanical properties of SC PLA
  • 9.5: Applications of SC PLA
  • 9.6: Conclusions
  • 10: Polylactide/natural rubber blends
  • Abstract
  • 10.1: Processing and structural characterization of PLA/natural rubber blends
  • 10.2: Thermal characterization of PLA/NR blends
  • 10.3: Mechanical properties of PLA/NR blends
  • 10.4: Degradability of PLA/NR blends
  • 10.5: Applications of PLA/NR blends
  • 10.6: Conclusions
  • 11: Polylactide/starch blends
  • Abstract
  • 11.1: Basics of starch
  • 11.2: Processing and structural characterization of PLA/starch blends
  • 11.3: Thermal characterization of PLA/starch blends
  • 11.4: Mechanical properties of PLA/starch blends
  • 11.5: Degradability of PLA/starch blends
  • 11.6: Applications of PLA/starch blends
  • 11.7: Conclusions
  • 12: Polylactide/chitosan blends
  • Abstract
  • 12.1: Basics of chitosan
  • 12.2: Processing and structural characterization of PLA/chitosan blends
  • 12.3: Thermal characterization of PLA/chitosan blends
  • 12.4: Mechanical properties of PLA/chitosan blends
  • 12.5: Degradability of PLA/chitosan blends
  • 12.6: Applications of PLA/chitosan blends
  • 12.7: Conclusions
  • 13: Polylactide/poly(hydroxyalkanoate) blends
  • Abstract
  • 13.1: Basics of poly(hydroxyalkanoate)
  • 13.2: Processing and structural characterization of PLA/PHA blends
  • 13.3: Thermal characterization of PLA/PHA blends
  • 13.4: Mechanical properties of PLA/PHA blends
  • 13.5: Degradability of PLA/PHA blends
  • 13.6: Applications of PLA/PHA blends
  • 13.7: Conclusions
  • 14: Polylactide/lignin blends
  • Abstract
  • 14.1: Basics of lignin and polymer/lignin blends
  • 14.2: Processing and structural characterization of PLA/lignin blends
  • 14.3: Thermal characterization of PLA/lignin blends
  • 14.4: Mechanical properties of PLA/lignin blends
  • 14.5: Degradability of PLA/lignin blends
  • 14.6: Applications of PLA/lignin blends
  • 14.7: Conclusions
  • 15: Polylactide/natural oil blends
  • Abstract
  • 15.1: Processing and structural characterization of PLA/natural oil blends
  • 15.2: Thermal characterization of PLA/natural oil blends
  • 15.3: Mechanical properties of PLA/natural oil blends
  • 15.4: Degradability of PLA/natural oil blends
  • 15.5: Applications of PLA/natural oil blends
  • 15.6: Conclusions
  • 16: Polylactide/poly(butylene succinate) blends
  • Abstract
  • 16.1: Processing and structural characterization of PLA/PBS blends
  • 16.2: Thermal property and crystallization modification
  • 16.3: Mechanical properties
  • 16.4: Biodegradability, recycling, and applications
  • 16.5: Conclusions
  • 17: Polylactide/poly[(butylene succinate)-co-adipate] blends
  • Abstract
  • 17.1: Processing and structural characterization of PLA/PBSA blend systems
  • 17.2: Thermal properties, crystallization modification, and thermal stability
  • 17.3: Mechanical properties
  • 17.4: Biodegradation and applications
  • 17.5: Conclusion
  • 18: Polylactide/poly(ɛ-caprolactone) blends
  • Abstract
  • 18.1: Processing and structural characterization of PLA/PCL blends
  • 18.2: Thermal characterization of PLA/PCL blends
  • 18.3: Mechanical properties of PLA/PCL blends
  • 18.4: Biodegradability of PLA/PCL blends
  • 18.5: Applications of PLA/PCL blends
  • 18.6: Conclusions
  • 19: Polylactide/poly(butylene adipate terephthalate) blends
  • Abstract
  • 19.1: Processing and structural characterization of PLA/PBAT blends
  • 19.2: Thermal characterization of PLA/PBAT blends
  • 19.3: Mechanical properties of PLA/PBAT blends
  • 19.4: Degradability of PLA/PBAT blends
  • 19.5: Applications of PLA/PBAT blends
  • 19.6: Conclusions
  • 20: Market, current and future applications
  • Abstract
  • 20.1: Market
  • 20.2: Applications
  • 21: Conclusions, challenges, and future outlook
  • Abstract
  • 21.1: Conclusions
  • 21.2: Challenges
  • 21.3: Future outlook
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 458
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: February 16, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323858687
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323858694

About the Authors

Suprakas Sinha Ray

Professor Suprakas Sinha Ray is a Chief Research Scientist and Manager of the Centre for Nanostructures and Advanced Materials, DSI-CSIR Nanotechnology Innovation Centre, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria, South Africa. His current research focuses on the applications of advanced nanostructured & polymeric materials. He is one of the most active and highly cited authors in the field of polymer nanocomposite materials, and he has recently been rated by Thomson Reuters as being one of the top 1% most impactful and influential scientists and top 50 high impact chemists. He is the author of 7 authored books, co-author of 5 edited books, 32 book chapters on various aspects of polymer-based nanostructured materials & their applications, and author and co-author of 430 articles in high-impact international journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Chief Research Scientist and Manager of the Centre for Nanostructures and Advanced Materials, DSI-CSIR Nanotechnology Innovation Centre, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria, South Africa; Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa

Ritima Banerjee

Dr. Ritima Banerjee completed her Masters in Polymer Science and Technology at the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IITD), India. After working in the polymer industry (GE Plastics and SABIC) for 7 years, she returned to academia. She taught in Delhi Technological University for two years and subsequently completed her PhD from the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, IITD, the area of her work being microcellular processing of thermoplastic elastomer based blends and nanocomposites. She is presently a faculty member in the Department of Chemical Engineering in Calcutta Institute of Technology, India. Her research interests include microcellular processing and the structure-property-processing relationship of polymeric materials.

Affiliations and Expertise

Faculty Member, Department of Chemical Engineering, Calcutta Institute of Technology, India; Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa

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