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Sustainable Hydrogen Production - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128015636, 9780128017487

Sustainable Hydrogen Production

1st Edition

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Authors: Ibrahim Dincer Calin Zamfirescu
Paperback ISBN: 9780128015636
eBook ISBN: 9780128017487
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 9th August 2016
Page Count: 492
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Description

Sustainable Hydrogen Production provides readers with an introduction to the processes and technologies used in major hydrogen production methods. This book serves as a unique source for information on advanced hydrogen generation systems and applications (including integrated systems, hybrid systems, and multigeneration systems with hydrogen production). Advanced and clean technologies are linked to environmental impact issues, and methods for sustainable development are thoroughly discussed.

With Earth’s fast-growing populations, we face the challenge of rapidly rising energy needs. To balance these we must explore more sustainable methods of energy production. Hydrogen is one key sustainable method because of its versatility. It is a constituent of a large palette of essential materials, chemicals, and fuels. It is a source of power and a source of heat. Because of this versatility, the demand for hydrogen is sure to increase as we aim to explore more sustainable methods of energy.

Furthermore, Sustainable Hydrogen Production provides methodologies, models, and analysis techniques to help achieve better use of resources, efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability. The book is intellectually rich and interesting as well as practical. The fundamental methods of hydrogen production are categorized based on type of energy source: electrical, thermal, photonic, and biochemical. Where appropriate, historical context is introduced. Thermodynamic concepts, illustrative examples, and case studies are used to solve concrete power engineering problems.

Key Features

  • Addresses the fundamentals of hydrogen production using electrical, thermal, photonic, and biochemical energies
  • Presents new models, methods, and parameters for performance assessment
  • Provides historical background where appropriate
  • Outlines key connections between hydrogen production methods and environmental impact/sustainable development
  • Provides illustrative examples, case studies, and study problems within each chapter

Readership

Research engineers working with renewable energies; upper level undergrad and graduate students.

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1: Fundamental Aspects
    • Abstract
    • 1.1 Introduction
    • 1.2 Physical Quantities and Unit Systems
    • 1.3 Ideal-Gas Theory
    • 1.4 Equations of State
    • 1.5 The Laws of Thermodynamics
    • 1.6 Exergy
    • 1.7 Thermodynamic Analysis Through Energy and Exergy
    • 1.8 Exergoeconomic Analysis
    • 1.9 Exergoenvironmental Analysis
    • 1.10 Exergosustainability Assessment
    • 1.11 Case Study 1: Exergosustainability Assessment of a Concentrated Photovoltaic-Thermal System for Residential Cogeneration
    • 1.12 Case Study 2: Exergosustainability Assessment of a High-Temperature Steam Photo-Electrolysis Plant
    • 1.13 Concluding Remarks
    • Study Problems
  • Chapter 2: Hydrogen and Its Production
    • Abstract
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 Hydrogen and the Environment
    • 2.3 Hydrogen and Sustainability
    • 2.4 Hydrogen Properties
    • 2.5 Green Hydrogen Sources
    • 2.6 Hydrogen Production Methods
    • 2.7 Hydrogen Storage and Distribution
    • 2.8 Fuel Cells
    • 2.9 Hydrogen Applications
    • 2.10 Concluding Remarks
    • Study Problems
  • Chapter 3: Hydrogen Production by Electrical Energy
    • Abstract
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Fundamentals of Electrochemical Hydrogen Production
    • 3.3 Alkaline Electrolyzers
    • 3.4 PEM Electrolyzers
    • 3.5 Solid Oxide Electrolyzers With Oxygen Ion Conduction
    • 3.6 Solid Oxide Electrolyzers With Proton Conduction
    • 3.7 Chloralkali Electrochemical Process for Chlorine and Hydrogen Production
    • 3.8 Other Electrochemical Methods of Hydrogen Production
    • 3.9 Integrated Systems for Hydrogen Production by Electrical Energy
    • 3.10 Concluding Remarks
    • Study Problems
  • Chapter 4: Hydrogen Production by Thermal Energy
    • Abstract
    • 4.1 Introduction
    • 4.2 Fundamentals of Thermochemical Hydrogen Production
    • 4.3 Water Thermolysis
    • 4.4 Pure Thermochemical Water Splitting Cycles
    • 4.5 Hybrid Thermochemical Cycles
    • 4.6 Gasification and Reforming for Green Hydrogen Production
    • 4.7 Integrated Systems for Green-Thermal Hydrogen Production
    • 4.8 Concluding Remarks
    • Study Problems
  • Chapter 5: Hydrogen Production by Photonic Energy
    • Abstract
    • 5.1 Introduction
    • 5.2 Fundamentals of Photonic Hydrogen Production
    • 5.3 Systems With Homogeneous Photocatalysis
    • 5.4 Systems With Heterogeneous Photocatalysis
    • 5.5 Photoelectrochemical Cells
    • 5.6 Hybrid Photocatalysis Systems
    • 5.7 Integrated Photonic Energy-Based Hydrogen Production System
    • 5.8 Concluding Remarks
    • Study Problems
  • Chapter 6: Hydrogen Production by Biochemical Energy
    • Abstract
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Biochemical Processes
    • 6.3 Integrated System for Green Biochemical Hydrogen Production
    • 6.4 Concluding Remarks
    • Study Problems
  • Chapter 7: Other Hydrogen Production Methods
    • Abstract
    • 7.1 Introduction
    • 7.2 Photo-Thermochemical Water Splitting
    • 7.3 Photo-Electro-Thermochemical Water Splitting
    • 7.4 Radio-Thermochemical Water Splitting
    • 7.5 Coal Hydrogasification for Hydrogen Production
    • 7.6 Nuclear-Based Natural Gas Reforming for Hydrogen Production
    • 7.7 Solar Fuel Reforming for Hydrogen Production
    • 7.8 Electrolysis in Molten Alkali Hydroxides for Hydrogen Production
    • 7.9 Green Hydrogen From Ammonia
    • 7.10 Concluding Remarks
    • Study Problems
  • Chapter 8: Novel Systems and Applications of Hydrogen Production
    • Abstract
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 Fossil and Biofuels Based Novel Hydrogen Production Options
    • 8.3 Water Decomposition-Based Novel Hydrogen Production Options
    • 8.4 Solar-Based Novel Hydrogen Production Options
    • 8.5 Biomass and Biological-Based Novel Hydrogen Production Options
    • 8.6 Other Novel Hydrogen Production Options
    • 8.7 Concluding Remarks
    • Study Problems
  • Appendix A: Conversion Factors
  • Index

Details

No. of pages:
492
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2017
Published:
9th August 2016
Imprint:
Elsevier
Paperback ISBN:
9780128015636
eBook ISBN:
9780128017487

About the Authors

Ibrahim Dincer

Ibrahim Dincer is a full professor of Mechanical Engineering at University of Ontario. Renowned for his pioneering works in the area of sustainable energy technologies he has authored/co-authored numerous books and book chapters, and many refereed journal and conference papers. He has chaired many national and international conferences, symposia, workshops and technical meetings. He has delivered many keynote and invited lectures. He is an active member of various international scientific organizations and societies, and serves as editor-in-chief, associate editor, regional editor, and editorial board member on various prestigious international journals. He is a recipient of several research, teaching and service awards, including the Premier's research excellence award in Ontario, Canada. During the past five years he has been recognized by Thomson Reuters as one of The Most Influential Scientific Minds in Engineering and one of the most highly cited researchers.

Affiliations and Expertise

Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Ontario, Canada

Calin Zamfirescu

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior research associate and Sessional instructor, Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology

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