Sustainable Energy

Sustainable Energy

Towards a Zero-Carbon Economy using Chemistry, Electrochemistry and Catalysis

1st Edition - February 23, 2022

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  • Author: Julian Ross
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128233757
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128236307

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Description

Sustainable Energy, Towards a Zero-Carbon Economy Using Chemistry, Electrochemistry and Catalysis provides the reader with a clear outline of some of the strategies, particularly those based on various chemical approaches, that have been put forward with the aim of reducing greenhouse gas emissions in order to achieve “zero carbon" by 2050. The author describes the chemistry of some of the processes involved, paying particular attention to those that involve heterogeneous catalytic steps and electrolysis methods. In cases in which the technology is already established, details are given of the reactor systems used. He discusses novel developments in the areas of transport, the production of essential products using renewable energy and the uses of sustainable biomass.

Key Features

  • Outlines international approaches to cutting or reducing greenhouse gas emissions
  • Describes current production and uses of energy
  • Outlines new approaches to energy supply and usage
  • Discusses the hydrogen economy and the uses of renewable energy
  • Outlines the importance of fuel-cell and electrolysis systems
  • Discusses biomass as a resource of energy and fuels

Readership

University and college courses related to chemistry and chemical engineering but should also be of general interest to non-chemists and to the scientifically literate reader, policy makers who are involved in environmental planning, including those involved in formulating government strategies in relation to carbon emissions

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgements
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Abstract
  • Energy production and the greenhouse effect
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Consequences of the greenhouse effect
  • The sources of greenhouse gas emissions
  • Chapter 2: Traditional methods of producing, transmitting and using energy
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Coal
  • Crude oil
  • Natural gas
  • Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 3: Less conventional energy sources
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Nuclear energy
  • Geothermal energy
  • Tidal energy
  • Wave power
  • Hydroelectric power
  • Wind power
  • Solar power
  • Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 4: The production and uses of hydrogen
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • The production of hydrogen from natural gas by steam reforming
  • The production of hydrogen from natural gas by other methods
  • Methanol production
  • Production of fuels using the Fischer Tropsch process
  • Production of ammonia
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 5: Biomass as a source of energy and chemicals
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Wood as a source of energy and paper
  • Non-traditional uses of biomass: First and second generation bio-refinery processes
  • Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 6: Transport
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Historical development of mechanically driven transport
  • Exhaust emission control
  • Hybrid vehicles
  • Plug-in hybrid vehicles
  • Battery electrical vehicles
  • Fuel cell vehicles
  • Concluding remarks
  • Chapter 7: Batteries, fuel cells and electrolysis
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • The Volta pile, Faraday and the electrochemical series
  • Half-cell EMF’s and the electrochemical series
  • The kinetics of electrochemical processes
  • Electrochemical batteries
  • Flow batteries
  • Fuel cells
  • Electrolysis
  • Chapter 8: The way forward: Net Zero
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Hydrogen production using renewable energy
  • Fuel cells to be used for transportation purposes
  • Solid oxide hydrolysis cells (SOEC’s) for hydrogen production and their use for the synthesis of green ammonia and methanol
  • Tailpiece
  • Postscript
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 238
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: February 23, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780128233757
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128236307

About the Author

Julian Ross

Julian Ross
Julian Ross is a Physical Chemist with wide experience in the field of heterogeneous catalysis applied particularly to the conversion of hydrocarbons and to environmental protection. He was the founding editor of Catalysis Today and acted as Senior Editor of that journal for almost 30 years. He holds two Honorary Visiting Professorships in China where he has lectured frequently. Julian Ross has had wide experience assessing projects associated with energy and the environment, for example, for EU programmes. He was a member of the Council of Scientists of INTAS (funding projects in the former Soviet Union) and was its Chairman for three years during its final three years of operation. He was also for a number of years a member of the European Research Council panel assessing Advanced Grant proposals on engineering topics. He is a Member of the Royal Irish Academy (MRIA) and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC).

Affiliations and Expertise

Emeritus Professor, University of Limerick, Ireland

Ratings and Reviews

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  • Dmitri B. Thu Apr 28 2022

    Useful Source of Knowledge

    The author of this book, Professor Julian Ross, is a well known scientist in the field of catalysis for energy applications. He was the Chief Editor of the journal “Catalysis Today” journal for many years. His main research interests include hydrogen and synthesis gas production, biomass conversion to fuels, cleaning of transport and industrial exhaust gases from NOx and SOx and methane coupling. In the book, his third published by Elsevier, the author considers traditional and nontraditional energy sources. Special attention is devoted to hydrogen and biomass as energy sources. He explains the differences between “green”, “blue” and other types of hydrogen. The author discusses not only the scientific and sustainability aspects of hydrogen production, but also financial aspects. The author then moves to the application of different sources of energy in transport. He has a special section related to batteries, fuel cells and electrolysis. It is helpful that the book also includes some basic aspects of the chemistry and physics. It also includes many diagrams, as well as tables of valuable data, some of which are not easy to find using the Internet. The book is written in an easily understandable way and the content should be clear even for first year students. Julian Ross has created a good and useful source of knowledge, which should be well received internationally. It is to be hoped that he may write yet another book.

  • Janusz R. Sun Apr 24 2022

    Sustainable energy

    The latest study by Julian Ross is in a sense a continuation of the previously discussed content (two earlier books), but with a clear emphasis on issues related to sustainable energy. It is dedicated to the global problem of warming the Earth as a result of greenhouse gas emissions, which is reflected in the objectives of the Paris Agreement aimed at reducing them. This is not just one more book on the subject of sustainable development. It was written by an outstanding scientist who looked at the discussed problems through the eyes of an experienced chemist, and most importantly also from the point of view of an academic teacher with teaching experience. The discussed content is systematized in a logical manner, without unnecessary complexities. Thanks to this, the book can be used by both students and scientists, and the presented content is supplemented with the possibility of extending it by the literature references. The book is not only a carrier of up-to-date and useful information, but it is also a very valuable teaching material. It should be emphasized high quality of figures, which is not so obvious in many books published today. This means that not only the content, but also excellent illustrations can be directly used for educational purposes. The author's greatest satisfaction is that his work is recognized. Certainly, all the books by Julian Ross to date deserve such recognition. I encourage and highly recommend it, it's really worth it.

  • Vladislav S. Wed Apr 20 2022

    Wonderful book!!!

    AAnother new book written by Julian Ross continues his series of famous books published by Elsevier. It is devoted to the global problem of the warming of the Earth due to greenhouse gases emissions as reflected in the objectives of the Paris Accord aimed at their reduction. So the book considers the sources of these gaseous emissions related to human activity in industry, agriculture, heating, transport and various forms of energy. Since this problem affects practically anyone on the Earth, the author has made it possible to clarify it to all readers. A range of artistic examples, starting from the time of industrial revolution, makes this book really attractive to read. The author considered many aspects of the use of sustainable energy (obtained using wind power, hydroelectric power or solar radiation) instead of the energy derived from coal, oil or natural gas. In the industrial sphere, an important trend is also based on using biomass-derived materials for the production of chemicals and fuels instead of fossil fuels. In the transport area, the advantages of using hybrid engines, batteries and fuel cells are also discussed in detail. The examples given are numerous and analysis is detailed and justified. References are given to websites to help in searching for the required information on specific problems in these fields. Hence this new book will be a perfect guide for students and young researches, inciting them to devote their lives to Sustainable Energy ..