Sustainable Energy Technologies for Seawater Desalination

Sustainable Energy Technologies for Seawater Desalination

1st Edition - February 1, 2022
  • Authors: Marc Rosen, Aida Farsi
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323998727

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Sustainable Energy Technologies for Seawater Desalination provides comprehensive coverage of the use of renewable energy technologies for sustainable freshwater production. Included are design concepts for desalination and sustainable energy technologies based on thermodynamics, heat transfer, mass transfer and economics. Key topics covered include desalination fundamentals and models, desalination assessments using energy and exergy methods, economics of desalination and the optimization of renewable energy-driven desalination systems. Illustrative examples and case studies are incorporated throughout the book to demonstrate how to apply the concepts covered in practical scenarios. Following a coherent approach, starting from fundamentals and basics and culminating with advanced systems and applications, this book is relevant for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in engineering and non-engineering programs.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive resource on sustainable freshwater production
  • Describes how to analyze renewable energy-based desalination using energy and exergy methods and economic assessments, and how to carry out performance optimization
  • Incorporates numerous examples and case studies to illustrate practical applications
  • Presents the most up-to-date information with recent developments


Advanced undergraduate or graduate students in several engineering and non-engineering programs. Researchers and practicing engineers and scientists. Practitioner and institutions interested in sustainable freshwater production. Engineers and researchers interested in the field of desalting processes, renewable energy technologies and their economics and optimization features for industry

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction to Desalination and Sustainable Energy

    1.1. Resources and the need for seawater desalination

    1.2. History of desalination

    1.3. Review of sustainable energy technologies

    1.4. Sustainable freshwater production

    1.5. Closing remarks



    2. Fundamentals of Desalination Processes

    2.1. Introduction

    2.2. Global desalination capacities and trends

    2.3. Desalination and its working principles

    2.4. Definition and classification of industrial seawater desalination processes

    2.5. Closing remarks



    3. Sustainability and Sustainable Energy

    3.1. Introduction

    3.2. Sustainability

    3.3. Sustainable development

    3.4. Energy sustainability

    3.5. Necessary conditions for energy sustainability

    3.6. Closing remarks



    4. Energy and Exergy Methods

    4.1. Introduction

    4.2. Energy analysis

    4.3. Exergy analysis

    4.4. Comparison of energy and exergy methods

    4.5. Closing remarks



    5. Seawater Desalination Process Modeling

    5.1. Introduction

    5.2. Thermodynamic properties of seawater

    5.3. Humidification–dehumidification (HDH) desalination

    5.4. Multi-effect desalination (MED)

    5.5. Multi-stage flash (MSF) desalination

    5.6. Direct contact membrane desalination (DCMD)

    5.7. Mechanical vapor compression (MVC) desalination

    5.8. Reverse osmosis (RO) desalination

    5.9. Discussion

    5.10. Closing remarks



    6. Application of Energy and Exergy Methods for Assessing Seawater Desalination Systems

    6.1. Introduction

    6.2. Reversible and irreversible desalting process

    6.3. Least power, thermal and chemical energy required in desalting processes

    6.4. Example of exergy study of an MVC-Rankine combined system

    6.5. Performance improvement of desalination systems using assisted stream

    6.6. Closing remarks



    7. Second Law Analysis of Desalination Systems

    7.1. Introduction

    7.2. Thermodynamic performance parameters

    7.3. Example of FO desalination with a distillation column and RO unit

    7.3. Exergy evaluation of a desalination system operating as a part of a cogeneration plant

    7.4. Thermodynamic performance comparison of desalination systems

    7.5. Irreversibilities in seawater desalination technologies

    7.6. Closing remarks



    8. Seawater Desalination Systems Using Sustainable Energy Technologies

    8.1. Introduction

    8.2. Solar-based desalination

    8.3. Wind-based desalination

    8.4. Geothermal-based desalination

    8.5. Nuclear-based desalination

    8.6. Closing remarks



    9. Economics of Seawater Desalination Using Sustainable Energy Technologies

    9.1. Introduction

    9.2. Desalination project cost estimation and management

    9.3. Techno-economic analysis of combined sustainable energy and desalination technologies

    9.5. Case study: Techno-economic performance of CSP-MED and CSP-RO plants

    9.4. Exergoeconomic and exergoenvironmental analysis of seawater desalination systems

    9.5. Closing remarks



    10. Optimization of Seawater Desalination Systems

    10.1. Introduction

    10.2. Optimization methods

    10.3. Structural optimization of seawater desalination

    10.4. Optimization of a renewable energy driven desalination system

    10.5. Thermodynamic optimization of multi-pressure humidification-dehumidification desalination

    10.6. Thermodynamic optimization solar-based MED system

    10.7. Optimization of renewable energy driven RO system for treatment of highly saline brines

    10.8. Closing remarks



Product details

  • No. of pages: 260
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: February 1, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323998727

About the Authors

Marc Rosen

Marc Rosen
Marc A. Rosen is the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering and the founding Editor-in-Chief of Sustainability. He has written numerous books and journal articles. Professor Rosen received the President's Award from the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering in 2012. Currently, he is a Professor at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, where he served as founding Dean of the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada

Aida Farsi

Aida Farsi, Ph.D., is a postdoctoral fellow at University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Canada, in the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science. Dr. Farsi is a member of the Leadership team of the ASME Ontario Chapter and presently serves as Treasurer. She is an active researcher in sustainable energy technologies, clean hydrogen production methods, desalination systems and energy system analysis and modeling. She has received several honors and awards. Dr. Farsi has been an active member of Women in Engineering at University of Ontario Institute of Technology and has been a technical reviewer for many high-impact factor journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Postdoctoral Fellow, Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Canada