Sustainable Energy Technologies for Seawater Desalination

Sustainable Energy Technologies for Seawater Desalination

1st Edition - February 15, 2022

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  • Authors: Marc Rosen, Aida Farsi
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323998727
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323999410

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Description

Sustainable Energy Technologies for Seawater Desalination provides comprehensive coverage of the use of renewable energy technologies for sustainable freshwater production. Included are design concepts for desalination and sustainable energy technologies based on thermodynamics, heat transfer, mass transfer and economics. Key topics covered include desalination fundamentals and models, desalination assessments using energy and exergy methods, economics of desalination and the optimization of renewable energy-driven desalination systems. Illustrative examples and case studies are incorporated throughout the book to demonstrate how to apply the concepts covered in practical scenarios. Following a coherent approach, starting from fundamentals and basics and culminating with advanced systems and applications, this book is relevant for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in engineering and non-engineering programs.

Key Features

  • Provides a comprehensive resource on sustainable freshwater production
  • Describes how to analyze renewable energy-based desalination using energy and exergy methods and economic assessments, and how to carry out performance optimization
  • Incorporates numerous examples and case studies to illustrate practical applications
  • Presents the most up-to-date information with recent developments

Readership

Advanced undergraduate or graduate students in several engineering and non-engineering programs. Researchers and practicing engineers and scientists. Practitioner and institutions interested in sustainable freshwater production. Engineers and researchers interested in the field of desalting processes, renewable energy technologies and their economics and optimization features for industry

Table of Contents

  • Cover Image
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Table of Contents
  • Dedication
  • About the Authors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter One Introduction to desalination and sustainable energy
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Resources and the need for seawater desalination
  • 1.2 History of desalination
  • 1.3 Review of sustainable energy technologies
  • 1.4 Sustainable freshwater production
  • 1.5 Closing remarks
  • Nomenclature
  • Greek symbols
  • Subscripts
  • Acronyms
  • References
  • Chapter Two Desalination technologies and their working principles
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Definition and classification of industrial seawater desalination processes
  • 2.3 Future expectations of water supply strategies
  • 2.4 Closing remarks
  • Nomenclature
  • Acronyms
  • References
  • Chapter Three Sustainability and sustainable energy
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Sustainability and sustainable development
  • 3.3 Sustainable energy
  • 3.4 Necessary conditions for sustainable energy
  • 3.5 Selected measures for enhancing sustainable energy
  • 3.6 Illustration example: net-zero energy buildings
  • 3.7 Closing remarks
  • References
  • Chapter Four Energy and exergy methods
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Exergy and procedure for energy and exergy analyses
  • 4.3 Conventional balances for conserved and nonconserved quantities
  • 4.4 Exergy balance and exergy consumption
  • 4.5 Exergy of heat, work, and electricity interactions
  • 4.6 Exergy of matter
  • 4.7 Reference environment
  • 4.8 Efficiencies and other measures of merit
  • 4.9 Applications and implications of exergy analysis
  • 4.10 Case studies
  • 4.11 Closing remarks
  • Nomenclature
  • Greek Letters
  • Subscripts
  • References
  • Chapter Five Seawater desalination process modeling
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Thermodynamic properties of seawater
  • 5.3 HDH desalination model
  • 5.4 MED model
  • 5.5 MSF desalination model
  • 5.6 DCMD model
  • 5.7 MVC model
  • 5.8 Reverse osmosis model
  • 5.9 Discussion
  • 5.10 Closing remarks
  • Nomenclature
  • Greek letters
  • Subscripts
  • Superscript
  • Acronyms
  • References
  • Chapter Six Application of energy and exergy methods for assessing seawater desalination systems
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Reversible and irreversible desalting processes
  • 6.3 Least electrical, thermal, and chemical energy required in desalting process
  • 6.4 Example of thermodynamic assessment of an MVC–Rankine system
  • 6.5 Performance improvement of desalination system using assisted stream
  • 6.6 Closing remarks
  • Nomenclature
  • Greek letters
  • Subscripts
  • Superscripts
  • Acronyms
  • References
  • Chapter Seven Second law analysis of desalination systems
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Thermodynamic performance parameters
  • 7.3 Example of forward osmosis desalination with a thermal regeneration system
  • 7.4 Exergy efficiency evaluation of a desalination system operating as a part of a cogeneration plant
  • 7.5 Thermodynamic performance comparison of desalination systems
  • 7.6 Irreversibilities in seawater desalination technologies
  • 7.7 Closing remarks
  • Nomenclature
  • Greek letters
  • Subscripts
  • Superscripts
  • Acronyms
  • References
  • Chapter Eight Seawater desalination systems using sustainable energy technologies
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Solar energy
  • 8.3 Wind energy
  • 8.4 Geothermal energy
  • 8.5 Example: assessment of a geothermal combined system with an organic Rankine cycle and MED desalination
  • 8.6 Nuclear energy
  • 8.7 Closing remarks
  • Nomenclature
  • Greek letters
  • Subscripts
  • Acronyms
  • References
  • Chapter Nine Economics of seawater desalination using sustainable energy technologies
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Desalination project cost estimation and management
  • 9.3 Technoeconomic analysis of combined sustainable energy and desalination technologies
  • 9.4 Case study: technoeconomic assessment of CSP–MED and CSP–RO plant configurations
  • 9.5 Exergoeconomic analysis of seawater desalination systems using renewable energy resources
  • 9.6 Exergo-environmental analysis of seawater desalination systems using renewable energy
  • 9.7 Closing remarks
  • Nomenclature
  • Greek symbols
  • Subscripts
  • Acronyms
  • References
  • Chapter Ten Optimization of seawater desalination systems
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Optimization
  • 10.3 Optimization terminology
  • 10.4 Optimization methods
  • 10.5 Structural optimization of seawater desalination
  • 10.6 Optimization of renewable energy–driven desalination systems
  • 10.7 Case study 1: optimization of a renewable energy–driven RO system using a GA
  • 10.8 Case study 2: thermodynamic optimization of MED system using thermal vapor compressor combined with RO system
  • 10.9 Case study 3: optimization of combined flash-binary geothermal and HDH desalination systems
  • 10.10 Future directions
  • 10.11 Closing remarks
  • Nomenclature
  • Greek symbols
  • Subscripts
  • Acronyms
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 520
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2022
  • Published: February 15, 2022
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323998727
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323999410

About the Authors

Marc Rosen

Marc Rosen
Marc A. Rosen is the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering and the founding Editor-in-Chief of Sustainability. He has written numerous books and journal articles. Professor Rosen received the President's Award from the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering in 2012. Currently, he is a Professor at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology, where he served as founding Dean of the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada

Aida Farsi

Aida Farsi, Ph.D., is a postdoctoral fellow at University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Canada, in the Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science. Dr. Farsi is a member of the Leadership team of the ASME Ontario Chapter and presently serves as Treasurer. She is an active researcher in sustainable energy technologies, clean hydrogen production methods, desalination systems and energy system analysis and modeling. She has received several honors and awards. Dr. Farsi has been an active member of Women in Engineering at University of Ontario Institute of Technology and has been a technical reviewer for many high-impact factor journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Postdoctoral Fellow, Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Canada

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