Survival in Toxic Environments

Survival in Toxic Environments

1st Edition - January 1, 1974

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  • Editor: M.A.Q. Khan
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323145442

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Description

Survival in Toxic Environments is a collection of papers presented at a symposium held in Houston, Texas, in December 1973 and organized by the American Society of Zoologists, Division of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. Contributors focus on chemical pollutants, as well as the pollutants’ fate and disposition in the environment and bio-environmental effects. The specific pollutants and/or toxicants include pesticides, crude and refined oils, polychlorinated biphenyls, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nitrilotriacetic acid, lead, carbon monoxide, and other supposedly less ominous xenobiotics. The dispositions of these substances and their effects are examined in either ecosystems and/or organisms, or components thereof. This volume is organized into five sections encompassing 21 chapters and begins with an overview of chemicals, how they are degraded, and how they affect living organisms. The first section discusses the impact of chemical pollutants, such as DDT, on the biology of organisms. The second section explores the detoxication mechanisms of survival in toxic environments, emphasizing halogenated hydrocarbons and their fate in microbes, houseflies, and fish. The reader is then methodically introduced to the role of the mixed-function oxidase and its components in survival in toxic environments, along with the trends in pesticide research. The final section considers non-pesticidal pollutants, such as NTA (a detergent builder), lead, and carbon monoxide, and their secondary effects. This book will be of interest to scientists and researchers in fields such as chemical pharmacology, chemical pathology, biology, zoology, ecology, agricultural chemistry, and entomology.

Table of Contents


  • Foreword

    Contributors

    Preface

    Introduction

    Section I

    Impact of Chemical Pollutants on the Biology of Organisms

    The Ecosystem Approach to Toxic Chemicals in the Biosphere

    Environmental Impact of Pesticides

    Environmental Pollution in Relation to Estuarine Birds

    Sublethal Effects of Oil, Heavy Metals, and PCBs on Marine Organisms

    Section II

    Detoxication Mechanisms of Survival in Toxic Environments

    Introduction

    Microbial Degradation of Pesticides

    Detoxication of Acaricides by Animals

    Detoxication of Foreign Chemicals by Invertebrates

    The Disposition of Xenobiotics by Fishes

    Section III

    Role of Mixed-Function Oxidase and Its Components in Survival in Toxic Environments

    Comparative Studies of the Cytochrome P-450 and Its Interaction with Pesticides

    Mammalian Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxlases in Cell Cultures: Mechanism of Induction and Role in Carcinogenesis

    Genetic Regulation and Mechanisms of P-450 Oxygenase Reaction

    Genetics of Detoxication Systems in Insects

    Section IV

    Recent Trends in Pesticide Research

    Ecological and Health Effects of the Photolysis of Insecticides

    Factors Affecting Behavior of Chemicals in the Environment

    Insecticide Resistance in Vertebrates

    Insecticide Resistance and Its Ecological and Economic Thrust

    Costs and Benefits of Pesticides: An Overview

    Section V

    Non-Pesticidal Pollutants

    Biodegradation of Nitrilotriacetic Acid and NTA-Metal Ion Complexes: (The Chemo-Biological Life Cycle of a Detergent Builder) Ecological and Health Effects of Pollutants in Automobile Exhaust

    i) Introduction

    ii) Ecological Effects of Lead in Auto-Exhaust

    iii) Developmental Effects of Lead

    iv) Cardiovascular Effects of Carbon Monoxide (CO)

    Epilogue

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 576
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1974
  • Published: January 1, 1974
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323145442

About the Editor

M.A.Q. Khan

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