Survey of Progress in Chemistry

Survey of Progress in Chemistry

Volume 4

1st Edition - January 1, 1968

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  • Editor: Arthur F. Scott
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483225098

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Description

Survey of Progress in Chemistry, Volume 4 considers the principles common to all chemistry that undergo major developments and modifications, including aqueous solutions, carbanions, stable isotopes, nitrogen fixation, ionizing radiation, and organic compound luminescence. This volume is organized into six chapters. The first chapter surveys first the theories of water and aqueous solutions structure, followed by the evaluation of temperature, pressure, and electrolytes on water. This chapter emphasizes the role of water structure in biological systems. The second chapter covers the generation, capture, mechanism of stabilization, and isomerization of carbanions, while the separation and practical applications of isotopes are examined in the third chapter. The following chapter describes the mechanism of nitrogen fixation by those cells capable of fixing nitrogen. The concluding chapters explore some aspects of the energy transfer process and the formation of intermediate molecular species. These chapters also evaluate the luminescence of organic systems. This book is of value to college chemistry teachers and students.

Table of Contents


  • Contributors

    Preface

    Editor’s Notes to Volume 4

    The Structure of Water and Aqueous Solutions

    I. Introduction

    II. The Classical Theory of Bernal and Fowler

    III. The Theory of Frank and Wen

    IV. Other Theories of Water Structure

    V. Effect of Temperature on the Structure of Water

    VI. Effect of Pressure on the Structure of Water

    VII. Effect of Electrolytes on the Structure of Water

    VIII. Ice, Heavy Water, and Water Structure at Interfaces

    IX. The Role of Water Structure in Biological Systems

    References

    Carbanions

    I. Carbanion Generation and Capture

    II. Orders of Carbanion Stability

    III. Mechanism of Carbanion Stabilization

    IV. Carbanion Stereochemistry

    V. Carbanionic Isomerization Reactions

    References

    Stable Isotope Preparation and Applications

    I. Introduction

    II. Isotope Separation Methods

    III. Stable Isotope Applications

    IV. The Future of Stable Isotopes

    References

    Nitrogen Fixation

    I. Introduction

    II. Study of Enzymes Involved

    III. Mechanism of N2 Fixation Bases on Present Results

    References

    Interaction of Ionizing Radiation with Molecular Systems

    I. History of Ionizing Radiation

    II. Dosimetry

    III. The Fricke Dosimeter

    IV. Transfer of Electron Energy to Matter

    V. Passage of Heavy Charged Particles through Matter

    VI. Mean Energy per Ion Pair

    VII. Absorption of Photon Energy

    VIII. Initial Effects of Interaction

    IX. Excitation of Molecules

    X. Recombination

    XI. Relaxation Processes through Collision

    XII. Secondary Processes Involving Free Radicals

    XIII. Time Scale of Events

    XIV. Reactions in Gaseous Systems

    XV. Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Pure Water and Aqueous Solutions

    XVI. Solvated Electrons

    XVII. In Conclusion

    References

    Luminescence in Organic Systems

    I. Introduction

    II. Electronic Excitation and the Behavior of Excited States

    III. Experimental Techniques

    IV. Fluorescence Quenching

    V. Energy Transfer

    VI. Delayed Fluorescence and Excimers

    VII. Inter- and Intramolecular Proton Transfer in the Excited State

    VIII. Luminescence Polarization

    IX. Chemiluminescence

    General References

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 302
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1968
  • Published: January 1, 1968
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483225098

About the Editor

Arthur F. Scott

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