Survey of Progress in Chemistry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781483200064, 9781483225098

Survey of Progress in Chemistry

1st Edition

Volume 4

Editors: Arthur F. Scott
eBook ISBN: 9781483225098
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1968
Page Count: 302
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Survey of Progress in Chemistry, Volume 4 considers the principles common to all chemistry that undergo major developments and modifications, including aqueous solutions, carbanions, stable isotopes, nitrogen fixation, ionizing radiation, and organic compound luminescence. This volume is organized into six chapters. The first chapter surveys first the theories of water and aqueous solutions structure, followed by the evaluation of temperature, pressure, and electrolytes on water. This chapter emphasizes the role of water structure in biological systems. The second chapter covers the generation, capture, mechanism of stabilization, and isomerization of carbanions, while the separation and practical applications of isotopes are examined in the third chapter. The following chapter describes the mechanism of nitrogen fixation by those cells capable of fixing nitrogen. The concluding chapters explore some aspects of the energy transfer process and the formation of intermediate molecular species. These chapters also evaluate the luminescence of organic systems. This book is of value to college chemistry teachers and students.

Table of Contents

Contributors Preface Editor’s Notes to Volume 4 The Structure of Water and Aqueous Solutions I. Introduction II. The Classical Theory of Bernal and Fowler III. The Theory of Frank and Wen IV. Other Theories of Water Structure V. Effect of Temperature on the Structure of Water VI. Effect of Pressure on the Structure of Water VII. Effect of Electrolytes on the Structure of Water VIII. Ice, Heavy Water, and Water Structure at Interfaces IX. The Role of Water Structure in Biological Systems References Carbanions I. Carbanion Generation and Capture II. Orders of Carbanion Stability III. Mechanism of Carbanion Stabilization IV. Carbanion Stereochemistry V. Carbanionic Isomerization Reactions References Stable Isotope Preparation and Applications I. Introduction II. Isotope Separation Methods III. Stable Isotope Applications IV. The Future of Stable Isotopes References Nitrogen Fixation I. Introduction II. Study of Enzymes Involved III. Mechanism of N2 Fixation Bases on Present Results References Interaction of Ionizing Radiation with Molecular Systems I. History of Ionizing Radiation II. Dosimetry III. The Fricke Dosimeter IV. Transfer of Electron Energy to Matter V. Passage of Heavy Charged Particles through Matter VI. Mean Energy per Ion Pair VII. Absorption of Photon Energy VIII. Initial Effects of Interaction IX. Excitation of Molecules X. Recombination XI. Relaxation Processes through Collision XII. Secondary Processes Involving Free Radicals XIII. Time Scale of Events XIV. Reactions in Gaseous Systems XV. Effects of Ionizing Radiation on Pure Water and Aqueous Solutions XVI. Solvated Electrons XVII. In Conclusion References Luminescence in Organic Systems I. Introduction II. Electronic Excitat


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© Academic Press 1968
Academic Press
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About the Editor

Arthur F. Scott

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