Survey of Progress in Chemistry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123957061, 9780323158619

Survey of Progress in Chemistry

1st Edition

Editors: Arthur Scott
eBook ISBN: 9780323158619
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1969
Page Count: 264
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Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

Editor's Notes to Volume 5

Hard and Soft Acids and Bases

I. Introduction

II. Classification of Lewis Acids and Bases

III. Applications of the HSAB Principle

IV. Theories Underlying Hard and Soft Behavior

V. Some Final Remarks

References

Olefin-Forming Elimination Reactions

I. Introduction

II. Terminology

III. Mechanisms for Elimination of H and X

IV. Theory of the Variable E2 Transition State

V. Positional Orientation

VI. Eliminations Induced by Reagents of Low Basicity

References

Chemical Information from Microwave Spectroscopy

I. Introduction

II. Molecular Geometry

III. Internal Rotation and Rotational Isomerism

IV. Inversion and Ring-Puckering Motions

V. Studies of Free Radicals and High-Temperature Species

VI. Chemical Analysis

VII. Miscellaneous Topics

VIII. Conclusions

References

The Hydrated Electron

I. Introduction

II. Experimental Methods

III. Physical Properties and Structure

IV. Formation

V. Inorganic Reactions

VI. Organic Reactions

VII. Future Developments

References

Liquid Scintillation Counting

I. Introduction

II. Scintillation Processes

III. Liquid Scintillator Composition

IV. Sample Preparation

V. Optical Coupling and Reflectors

VI. Sample Containers

VII. Measurement of Quenching

VIII. Background

IX. Efficiency of Scintillator Solutions

X. Some Practical Counting Procedures

XI. Counting of Particles

XII. Counting Double-Labeled Compounds

XIII. Some Special Applications

References

Author Index

Subject Index

Description

Survey of Progress in Chemistry, Volume 5 is a collection of papers that provides the transmission of instructive material and information from the real chemical world to the classroom teacher or instructor. One paper reviews the HSAB principle (hard and soft acid bases) and notes that it can be regarded as an experimental principle to describe various chemical phenomena in both qualitative and quantitative terms. The principle can be applied in correlating and storing large amounts of data and in predicting results. Another paper shows that an experiment concerning eliminations induced either by halide ions in dipolar aprotic solvents or by mercaptide ions in alcohols can be essentially normal E2 reactions. The microwave spectrum can also be used in identifying compounds and in quantitative analysis. Another paper discusses the physical and chemical consequences of electron hydration and its many possible uses such as in the treatment of cancer and food preservation. One paper examines the fluorescence processes which occur in a liquid scintillator, including the uses of liquid scintillation in determining the solubility of gases or the production of isotopes.

This collection is suitable for professors in chemistry, students who are taking advanced courses in chemistry, and other groups of chemists who are interested to know what is happening beyond their specialized work and research.


Details

No. of pages:
264
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1969
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323158619

About the Editors

Arthur Scott Editor